Anastasio Somoza García
Anastasio SomozaSomozaAnastasio Somoza GarciaForces of SomozaGeneral José R. SomozaSomoza regime
Anastasio "Tacho" Somoza García (1 February 1896 – 29 September 1956) was officially the 21st President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination.wikipedia
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Rigoberto Lopez Perez
On 21 September 1956, he was shot by poet Rigoberto López Pérez. Shortly after being nominated, he was shot on 21 September 1956 by the poet Rigoberto López Pérez in the city of León, and died several days later in a Panama Canal Zone hospital.
He assassinated Anastasio Somoza García, the longtime dictator of Nicaragua.
In 1967 his younger brother Anastasio Somoza Debayle was elected to serve until 1972. They had two sons, Luis Somoza Debayle and Anastasio Somoza Debayle, and a daughter, Lillian Somoza Debayle de Sevilla Sacasa.
Anastasio Somoza DeBayle, nicknamed "Tachito" (Spanish: Little Tacho) by his father, was the third child of Anastasio Somoza García and Salvadora DeBayle.
After waging a bitter, six-year struggle with the forces of General Augusto Sandino, in January 1933, the Marines evacuated the country following the election of Juan Bautista Sacasa as President.
Sandino was assassinated in 1934 by National Guard forces of General Anastasio Somoza García, who went on to seize power in a coup d'état two years later.
PresidentHead of State of NicaraguaNicaraguan President
Anastasio "Tacho" Somoza García (1 February 1896 – 29 September 1956) was officially the 21st President of Nicaragua from 1 January 1937 to 1 May 1947 and from 21 May 1950 to 29 September 1956, but ruled effectively as dictator from 1936 until his assassination.
Luis SomozaLuisLuis Anastasio Somoza Debayle
His eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle, who was Speaker of the House at the time of Somoza Garcia's death, took over and was elected in his own right in 1957 to serve until 1963, to be succeeded by Dr. Rene Schick who served until his death in 1966. They had two sons, Luis Somoza Debayle and Anastasio Somoza Debayle, and a daughter, Lillian Somoza Debayle de Sevilla Sacasa.
Following the assassination of his father, Anastasio Somoza García, Luis was tapped as acting president, and was elected president in his own right later that year.
Managua, NicaraguaManagua, ManaguaCapital of Nicaragua
Somoza named himself director of the Pacific Railroad, linking Managua to the nation's principal port, Corinto, which moved his merchandise and crops for free and maintained his vehicles and agricultural equipment.
Under the rule of Anastasio Somoza García and his family (1936–1979), the city was rebuilt and began to grow rapidly.
Adolfo DiazAdolfo Diaz RecinosConservative government
After his return to Nicaragua, he helped oust President Adolfo Díaz.
In 1936, after Anastasio Somoza García seized power, Díaz took up permanent residency in the United States.
civil warConstitutionalist WarNicaraguan civil war
In 1926, Somoza joined the Liberal rebellion in support of the presidential claims of Juan Bautista Sacasa, his wife's uncle.
Another Liberal general was Anastasio Somoza García, who led an army in the southwestern part of Nicaragua.
Juan Bautista Sacasa SacasaDr. Juan B. SacasaLiberal rebels
After waging a bitter, six-year struggle with the forces of General Augusto Sandino, in January 1933, the Marines evacuated the country following the election of Juan Bautista Sacasa as President. In 1926, Somoza joined the Liberal rebellion in support of the presidential claims of Juan Bautista Sacasa, his wife's uncle. This gave him the power base to remove his wife's uncle, Juan Bautista Sacasa, from the presidency, and make himself president in 1937.
At the insistence of the U.S. Ambassador, he named Anastasio Somoza García, who was married to one of his nieces, as director of the Guardia Nacional (National Guard).
(After the Sandinistas came to power they renamed it Puerto Sandino).
Sandino was assassinated in 1934 by the Nicaraguan National Guard (Guardia Nacional), the US-equipped police force of Anastasio Somoza, whose family ruled the country from 1936 until they were overthrown by the Sandinistas in 1979.
Peirce School of Business AdministrationPeirce College of BusinessPeirce School
As a teenager, he was sent to live with relatives in Philadelphia, where he attended the Peirce School of Business Administration (now Peirce College).
National GuardNicaraguan National GuardGuardia Nacional
Despite his limited military experience, Somoza was able to rise through the ranks of the Nicaraguan National Guard (Guardia Nacional), the constabulary force organized by the United States Marines.
President Sacasa, under political pressure from José María Moncada, who had been the leader of a rebel faction which later joined the government after U.S. mediation efforts, appointed Anastasio Somoza García as Chief Director of the National Guard in 1925.
Roberto Sacasa Sarria
While living in Philadelphia, he met his future wife, Salvadora Debayle Sacasa, a member of one of Nicaragua's wealthiest families, daughter of Dr. Luis Henri Debayle Pallais and wife Casimira Sacasa Sacasa, daughter of Roberto Sacasa Sarria, 44th and 46th President of Nicaragua, and wife and cousin Ángela Sacasa Cuadra.
Shortly after being nominated, he was shot on 21 September 1956 by the poet Rigoberto López Pérez in the city of León, and died several days later in a Panama Canal Zone hospital.
Nicaraguan president Anastasio Somoza García was shot and mortally wounded in León on September 21, 1956.
Benjamín LacayoBenjamín Sacasa
Less than a month later, Somoza orchestrated another coup, naming one of his wife's uncles, Benjamín Lacayo, as President.
On 26 May 1947, he was installed with the help of former president Anastasio Somoza García, the commander of the army, who had become dissatisfied with his recently elected successor, Leonardo Argüello.
Sandinista RevolutionContra WarNicaragua
The Somoza dynasty consisted of Anastasio Somoza García, his eldest son Luis Somoza Debayle, and finally Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
Liberal Nationalist PartyLiberalLiberal Parties
When Anastasio Somoza García took the power in 1936, the party became also aligned with the United States and other caudillos in the Latin America, like Rafael Trujillo, Oswaldo López Arellano and Fulgencio Batista.
Rafael Leónidas TrujilloTrujilloRafael Leonidas Trujillo
In this broadcast, however, it was asserted that FDR made the statement in reference to Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic.
He maintained friendly relations with Franco of Spain, Perón of Argentina, and Somoza of Nicaragua.
Francisco Navarro Alvarado
Francisco Navarro Alvarado was Vice President of Nicaragua from January 1937 to March 1939, under presidency of Anastasio Somoza García.
NicaraguanRepublic of NicaraguaNIC
However, due to a growing hostility between Sandino and National Guard director Anastasio Somoza García and a fear of armed opposition from Sandino, Somoza García decided to order his assassination.
Víctor Manuel Román
When the administration of U.S. President Harry Truman refused to recognize the new government, a Constituent Assembly was convened, which appointed Somoza's uncle, Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes, as President.
T.V. was a member of Somoza’s Liberal Nationalist Party and after his death, his niece's husband Anastasio Somoza Garcia was then appointed to move forward with T.V.'s military.
Leonardo ArgüelloArgüelloLeonardo Arguello Barreto
The Nationalist Liberal Party nominated an elderly doctor named Leonardo Argüello, with Somoza using the National Guard to secure his election.
A member of the Nationalist Liberal Party, his presidency was cut short by a Coup d'état orchestrated by the Commander of the National Guard, General Anastasio Somoza García.
Lillian Somoza DebayleLillian Somoza Debayle de Sevilla Sacasa
They had two sons, Luis Somoza Debayle and Anastasio Somoza Debayle, and a daughter, Lillian Somoza Debayle de Sevilla Sacasa.
She was the daughter of dictator president Anastasio Somoza García and Salvadora Debayle de Somoza, married to Guillermo Sevilla Sacasa, and sister of the president-dictators Luis Somoza Debayle and Anastasio Somoza Debayle.
His daughter Lillian Somoza Debayle, born in León, Nicaragua, on 3 May 1921, married Guillermo Sevilla Sacasa, Nicaraguan Ambassador to the United States during his brother-in-law's rule.
In 1943, Sevilla-Sacasa married Lillian Somoza Debayle, born in León, Nicaragua, on May 3, 1921, the daughter of Anastasio Somoza García, the 65th and 69th President of Nicaragua, and Salvadora Debayle Sacasa, and had nine children.
Carlos Alberto Brenes Jarquín
He was installed as president by national guard commander Anastasio Somoza Garcia following a military coup on 9 June 1936, and remained in office until Somoza became president on January 1, 1937.