Anatomywikipedia
anatomyanatomistanatomicalanatomicallybodyanatomicanatomistsanatomy and physiologystructureanatomical structure

Comparative anatomy

comparative anatomycomparative anatomistmorphological
Anatomy is inherently tied to embryology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and phylogeny, as these are the processes by which anatomy is generated over immediate (embryology) and long (evolution) timescales.
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species.

Surface anatomy

surface anatomysuperficial anatomysuperficial
Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy.
Surface anatomy (also called superficial anatomy and visual anatomy) is the study of the external features of the body of an animal.

Histology

histologyhistologicalhistologic
Microscopic anatomy involves the use of optical instruments in the study of the tissues of various structures, known as histology, and also in the study of cells.
Histology, also microanatomy, is the study of the anatomy of cells and tissues of plants and animals using microscopy.

Medical imaging

medical imagingimagingdiagnostic imaging
Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Medical imaging also establishes a database of normal anatomy and physiology to make it possible to identify abnormalities.

Magnetic resonance imaging

magnetic resonance imagingMRImagnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.

Gross anatomy

gross anatomygrosstopographical anatomy
Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal's body parts using unaided eyesight.
Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy) is the study of anatomy at the visible (macroscopic) level.

Human body

human bodybodyhuman anatomy
Human anatomy is one of the basic essential sciences of medicine. The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body.
The study of the human body involves anatomy, physiology, histology and embryology.

History of anatomy

history of anatomyanatomyhuman anatomy
The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body.
The study of anatomy begins at least as early as 1600 BC, the date of the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus.

Plant anatomy

plant anatomyanatomywood anatomy
The structure and tissues of plants are of a dissimilar nature and they are studied in plant anatomy.
Plant anatomy or phytotomy is the general term for the study of the internal structure of plants.

Dissection

dissectiondissecteddissect
Methods used include dissection, in which a body is opened and its organs studied, and endoscopy, in which a video camera-equipped instrument is inserted through a small incision in the body wall and used to explore the internal organs and other structures. Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
It is carried out by or demonstrated to biology and anatomy students in high school and medical school.

Organ (anatomy)

organorgansviscera
The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body.
In the study of anatomy, the term viscus is used to refer to an internal organ, and viscera is the plural form.

Biology

biologybiologicalbiologist
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, “dissection”) is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
Scholars of the medieval Islamic world who wrote on biology included al-Jahiz (781–869), Al-Dīnawarī (828–896), who wrote on botany, and Rhazes (865–925) who wrote on anatomy and physiology.

Physiology

physiologyphysiologistphysiological
Anatomy and physiology, which study (respectively) the structure and function of organisms and their parts, make a natural pair of related disciplines, and they are often studied together.
Due to the frequent connection between form and function, physiology and anatomy are intrinsically linked and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.

Respiratory tract

respiratory tractairwayupper respiratory tract
In the respiratory tract there is a type of ciliated epithelial lining; in the small intestine there are microvilli on the epithelial lining and in the large intestine there are intestinal villi.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.

Notochord

notochordnotocordembryonic notochord cells
All vertebrates have a similar basic body plan and at some point in their lives, mostly in the embryonic stage, share the major chordate characteristics; a stiffening rod, the notochord; a dorsal hollow tube of nervous material, the neural tube; pharyngeal arches; and a tail posterior to the anus.
In anatomy, the notochord is a flexible rod made out of a material similar to cartilage.

Medicine

medicinemedicalmedical science
Human anatomy is one of the basic essential sciences of medicine.

Foot

footfeetinstep
Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet.
The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates.

Fetus

fetusfetalfoetus
Most other mammals have a placenta through which the developing foetus obtains nourishment, but in marsupials, the foetal stage is very short and the immature young is born and finds its way to its mother's pouch where it latches on to a nipple and completes its development.
However, a fetus is characterized by the presence of all the major body organs, though they will not yet be fully developed and functional and some not yet situated in their final anatomical location.

Thorax

thoraxchestthoracic
Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.

Medical school

medical schoolmedical studentmedical students
Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
In preclinical sciences, students study subjects such as biochemistry, genetics, pharmacology, pathology, anatomy, physiology and medical microbiology, among others.

Bone

bonebone tissuebones
The main types are loose connective tissue, adipose tissue, fibrous connective tissue, cartilage and bone.
In the study of anatomy, anatomists use a number of anatomical terms to describe the appearance, shape and function of bones.

Tubercle

tubercletuberclesapophysis
There may also be protrusions such as microvilli, cilia, bristles, spines and tubercles.
In anatomy, a tubercle is any round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant or an animal.

Hand

handhandspalm
Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet.
Some evolutionary anatomists use the term hand to refer to the appendage of digits on the forelimb more generally — for example, in the context of whether the three digits of the bird hand involved the same homologous loss of two digits as in the dinosaur hand.

Mollusca

molluskmolluscmolluscs
Calcium carbonate constitutes the shells of molluscs, brachiopods and some tube-building polychaete worms and silica forms the exoskeleton of the microscopic diatoms and radiolaria.
They are highly diverse, not just in size and in anatomical structure, but also in behaviour and in habitat.

Diatom

diatomdiatomsDiatom algae
Calcium carbonate constitutes the shells of molluscs, brachiopods and some tube-building polychaete worms and silica forms the exoskeleton of the microscopic diatoms and radiolaria.
A unique feature of diatom anatomy is that they are surrounded by a cell wall made of silica (hydrated silicon dioxide), called a frustule.