Anatomy

anatomistanatomicalanatomicallybodyanatomicanatomistsanatomical structurestructureanimal anatomyanatomies
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, "dissection") is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts.wikipedia
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Biology

biologicalbiologistbiological sciences
Anatomy (Greek anatomē, "dissection") is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organisms and their parts. Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution.

Comparative anatomy

comparative anatomistmorphologicalcomparative morphology
Anatomy is inherently tied to developmental biology, embryology, comparative anatomy, evolutionary biology, and phylogeny, as these are the processes by which anatomy is generated over immediate (embryology) and long (evolution) timescales.
Comparative anatomy is the study of similarities and differences in the anatomy of different species.

Surface anatomy

superficial anatomysuperficialbreast topography
Gross anatomy also includes the branch of superficial anatomy.
Surface anatomy (also called superficial anatomy and visual anatomy) is the study of the external features of the body of an animal.

Medical imaging

imagingdiagnostic imagingdiagnostic radiology
Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging.
Medical imaging also establishes a database of normal anatomy and physiology to make it possible to identify abnormalities.

Gross anatomy

grosstopographical anatomygross anatomical
Macroscopic anatomy, or gross anatomy, is the examination of an animal's body parts using unaided eyesight.
Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy) is the study of anatomy at the visible (macroscopic) level.

History of anatomy

anatomyhuman anatomy
The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body.
The study of anatomy begins at least as early as 1600 BC, the date of the Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus.

Plant anatomy

anatomywood anatomyphytotomy
The structure and tissues of plants are of a dissimilar nature and they are studied in plant anatomy.
Plant anatomy or phytotomy is the general term for the study of the internal structure of plants.

Dissection

dissecteddissectingdissections
Methods used include dissection, in which a body is opened and its organs studied, and endoscopy, in which a video camera-equipped instrument is inserted through a small incision in the body wall and used to explore the internal organs and other structures. Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
It is carried out by or demonstrated to biology and anatomy students in high school and medical school.

Human body

bodyhuman anatomyhuman physiology
The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body. Human anatomy is one of the essential basic sciences that are applied in medicine.
The study of the human body involves anatomy, physiology, histology and embryology.

Physiology

physiologistphysiologicalphysiologically
Anatomy and physiology, which study (respectively) the structure and function of organisms and their parts, make a natural pair of related disciplines, and they are often studied together.
Due to the frequent connection between form and function, physiology and anatomy are intrinsically linked and are studied in tandem as part of a medical curriculum.

Organ (anatomy)

organorgansviscera
The history of anatomy is characterized by a progressive understanding of the functions of the organs and structures of the human body.
In the study of anatomy, the term viscus is used to refer to an internal organ, and viscera is the plural form.

Respiratory tract

airwayupper respiratory tractlower respiratory tract
In the respiratory tract there is a type of ciliated epithelial lining; in the small intestine there are microvilli on the epithelial lining and in the large intestine there are intestinal villi.
In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.

Notochord

embryonic notochord cells
All vertebrates have a similar basic body plan and at some point in their lives, mostly in the embryonic stage, share the major chordate characteristics; a stiffening rod, the notochord; a dorsal hollow tube of nervous material, the neural tube; pharyngeal arches; and a tail posterior to the anus.
In anatomy, the notochord is a flexible rod made out of a material similar to cartilage.

Medicine

medicalmedical sciencemedicinal
Human anatomy is one of the essential basic sciences that are applied in medicine.
Anatomy is the study of the physical structure of organisms. In contrast to macroscopic or gross anatomy, cytology and histology are concerned with microscopic structures.

Foot

feetinstepft
Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet.
The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates.

Cadaver

corpsecadaverscorpses
Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from the examination of animals by dissection of carcasses and cadavers (corpses) to 20th century medical imaging techniques including X-ray, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging. Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
Cadavers have contributed to body science and medical students often use cadavers to study anatomy.

Fetus

fetalfoetusfetuses
Most other mammals have a placenta through which the developing foetus obtains nourishment, but in marsupials, the foetal stage is very short and the immature young is born and finds its way to its mother's pouch where it latches on to a nipple and completes its development.
However, a fetus is characterized by the presence of all the major body organs, though they will not yet be fully developed and functional and some not yet situated in their final anatomical location.

Thorax

chestthoracicpectoral
Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.

Medical school

medical studentmedical schoolsmedicine
Generally, students of certain biological sciences, paramedics, prosthetists and orthotists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, nurses, podiatrists, and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials, and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy through practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers.
In preclinical sciences, students study subjects such as biochemistry, genetics, pharmacology, pathology, anatomy, physiology and medical microbiology, among others.

Bone

bone tissuecortical bonecancellous bone
The main types are loose connective tissue, adipose tissue, fibrous connective tissue, cartilage and bone.
In the study of anatomy, anatomists use a number of anatomical terms to describe the appearance, shape and function of bones.

Tubercle

tuberclesapophysistuberculate
There may also be protrusions such as microvilli, cilia, bristles, spines and tubercles.
In anatomy, a tubercle is any round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant or an animal.

Hand

handspalmpalms
Humans have a head, neck, trunk (which includes the thorax and abdomen), two arms and hands, and two legs and feet.
Some evolutionary anatomists use the term hand to refer to the appendage of digits on the forelimb more generally — for example, in the context of whether the three digits of the bird hand involved the same homologous loss of two digits as in the dinosaur hand.

Mollusca

molluskmolluscmolluscs
Calcium carbonate constitutes the shells of molluscs, brachiopods and some tube-building polychaete worms and silica forms the exoskeleton of the microscopic diatoms and radiolaria.
They are highly diverse, not just in size and in anatomical structure, but also in behaviour and in habitat.

Diatom

diatomsBacillariophyceaeBacillariophyta
Calcium carbonate constitutes the shells of molluscs, brachiopods and some tube-building polychaete worms and silica forms the exoskeleton of the microscopic diatoms and radiolaria.
A unique feature of diatom anatomy is that they are surrounded by a cell wall made of silica (hydrated silicon dioxide), called a frustule.

Erasistratus

Erasistratus of ChiosErasistrateansErasistratean
Two of the most famous anatomists and physiologists of the third century were Herophilus and Erasistratus.
Along with fellow physician Herophilus, he founded a school of anatomy in Alexandria, where they carried out anatomical research.