Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianAncient EgyptianEgyptiansancient EgyptiansPharaonic Egyptancient Egyptian civilizationantiquityEgyptian civilizationAncient
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt.wikipedia
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History of ancient Egypt

Egyptancient Egyptian historyAncient Egypt
The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.
The history of ancient Egypt spans the period from the early prehistoric settlements of the northern Nile valley to the Roman conquest, in 30 BC.

Narmer

King NarmerPharaoh NarmerUnification of Upper and Lower Egypt
Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer).
Narmer was an ancient Egyptian king of the Early Dynastic Period, circa 3150-3100 BC.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt.
Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government.

Ancient history

antiquityancientancient world
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt.
The 30th century BC, referred to as the Early Bronze Age II, saw the beginning of the literate period in Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt.

Egyptian chronology

conventional Egyptian chronologychronologyconventional chronology
Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer).
The majority of Egyptologists agree on the outline and many details of the chronology of Ancient Egypt.

Middle Kingdom of Egypt

Middle KingdomMiddle Kingdom periodMiddle
The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.
The Middle Kingdom of Egypt (also known as The Period of Reunification) is the period in the history of ancient Egypt following a period of political division known as the First Intermediate Period.

New Kingdom of Egypt

New KingdomEgyptian EmpireRamesside
The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.
The New Kingdom, also referred to as the Egyptian Empire, is the period in ancient Egyptian history between the 16th century BC and the 11th century BC, covering the 18th, 19th, and 20th dynasties of Egypt.

Menes

King MinaMenaMina
Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistoric Egypt and coalesced around 3100 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under Menes (often identified with Narmer).
c. 3200–3000 BC) (, probably pronounced *; ) was a pharaoh of the Early Dynastic Period of ancient Egypt credited by classical tradition with having united Upper and Lower Egypt and as the founder of the First Dynasty.

Ancient Egyptian agriculture

EgyptNile River valley for agricultureagriculture
The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River valley for agriculture.
The civilization of ancient Egypt was indebted to the Nile River and its dependable seasonal flooding.

Egyptian hieroglyphs

hieroglyphicshieroglyphichieroglyphs
With resources to spare, the administration sponsored mineral exploitation of the valley and surrounding desert regions, the early development of an independent writing system, the organization of collective construction and agricultural projects, trade with surrounding regions, and a military intended to assert Egyptian dominance. Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a pharaoh, who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people in the context of an elaborate system of religious beliefs.
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.

Nile

Nile RiverNile ValleyRiver Nile
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River in the place that is now the country Egypt.
Most of the population and cities of Egypt lie along those parts of the Nile valley north of Aswan, and nearly all the cultural and historical sites of Ancient Egypt are found along river banks.

Ancient Egyptian religion

Egyptianancient Egyptianreligion
Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a pharaoh, who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people in the context of an elaborate system of religious beliefs.
Ancient Egyptian religion was a complex system of polytheistic beliefs and rituals that formed an integral part of ancient Egyptian society.

Pharaoh

PharaohsPharaonicking
Motivating and organizing these activities was a bureaucracy of elite scribes, religious leaders, and administrators under the control of a pharaoh, who ensured the cooperation and unity of the Egyptian people in the context of an elaborate system of religious beliefs.
Pharaoh (, US also ; Pǝrro) is the common title of the monarchs of ancient Egypt from the First Dynasty (c.

Flooding of the Nile

Nile floodannual floodingNile floods
The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which supported a more dense population, and social development and culture.
The flooding of the Nile has been an important natural cycle in Egypt since ancient times.

Ancient Egyptian medicine

Ancient Egyptianancient EgyptiansEgyptian medicine
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty, made with the Hittites.
The medicine of the ancient Egyptians is some of the oldest documented.

Obelisk

obelisksEgyptian obeliskobelisk erecting experiments
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty, made with the Hittites.
Originally they were called tekhenu by their builders, the Ancient Egyptians.

Ancient Egyptian literature

literatureancient EgyptianAncient Egyptian texts
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty, made with the Hittites.
Ancient Egyptian literature was written in the Egyptian language from ancient Egypt's pharaonic period until the end of Roman domination.

Art of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptian artEgyptian artEgyptian
Its art and architecture were widely copied, and its antiquities carried off to far corners of the world.
Ancient Egyptian art refers to paintings, sculptures, architecture, and other arts produced in ancient Egypt between the 31st century BC and the 4th century AD.

Ancient Egyptian architecture

EgyptianarchitectureEgyptian architecture
Its art and architecture were widely copied, and its antiquities carried off to far corners of the world.
Spanning over two thousand years in total, what is called ancient Egypt was not one stable civilization, but instead a civilization in constant change and upheaval commonly split into periods by historians.

Ancient Egyptian mathematics

Egyptian mathematicsEgyptianEgyptians
The many achievements of the ancient Egyptians include the quarrying, surveying and construction techniques that supported the building of monumental pyramids, temples, and obelisks; a system of mathematics, a practical and effective system of medicine, irrigation systems and agricultural production techniques, the first known planked boats, Egyptian faience and glass technology, new forms of literature, and the earliest known peace treaty, made with the Hittites.
Ancient Egyptian mathematics is the mathematics that was developed and used in Ancient Egypt c. 3000 to c. 300 BC, from the Old Kingdom of Egypt until roughly the beginning of Hellenistic Egypt.

Ancient Libya

LibyaLibyanLibyans
During the course of its history Egypt was invaded or conquered by a number of foreign powers, including the Hyksos, the Libyans, the Nubians, the Assyrians, the Achaemenid Persians, and the Macedonians under the command of Alexander the Great.
Their lands were called "Libya" and extended from modern Morocco to the western borders of ancient Egypt.

Egyptology

EgyptologistEgyptologistsEgyptological
A new-found respect for antiquities and excavations in the early modern period by Europeans and Egyptians led to the scientific investigation of Egyptian civilization and a greater appreciation of its cultural legacy.
علم المصريات) is the study of ancient Egyptian history, language, literature, religion, architecture and art from the 5th millennium BC until the end of its native religious practices in the 4th century AD.

Bronze Age

Late Bronze AgeEarly Bronze AgeBronze
The history of ancient Egypt occurred as a series of stable kingdoms, separated by periods of relative instability known as Intermediate Periods: the Old Kingdom of the Early Bronze Age, the Middle Kingdom of the Middle Bronze Age and the New Kingdom of the Late Bronze Age.
In Ancient Egypt the Bronze Age begins in the Protodynastic period, c.

African humid period

Neolithic SubpluvialGreen SaharaHolocene Wet Phase
In Predynastic and Early Dynastic times, the Egyptian climate was much less arid than it is today.
It has had profound effects on present-day Africa such as the birth of the Pharaonic civilization and the pyramids and potentially also the development of widespread Golden Age myths.

Ancient Egyptian pottery

potterypottery vessels
By about 5500 BC, small tribes living in the Nile valley had developed into a series of cultures demonstrating firm control of agriculture and animal husbandry, and identifiable by their pottery and personal items, such as combs, bracelets, and beads.
Ancient Egyptian pottery includes all objects of fired clay from ancient Egypt.