Ancient philosophy

classical philosophyAncientclassicalphilosopherclassical philosophersancient Indian philosophyancient philosophersancient Greek and Roman Philosophyancient Indian philosophicalAncient Iranian Philosophy
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Medieval philosophy

medievalmedieval philosophersmedieval philosopher
In Western philosophy, the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of medieval philosophy, whereas in Eastern philosophy, the spread of Islam through the Arab Empire marked the end of Old Iranian philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of early Islamic philosophy.
The history of medieval philosophy is traditionally divided into two main periods: the period in the Latin West following the Early Middle Ages until the 12th century, when the works of Aristotle and Plato were rediscovered, translated, and studied upon, and the "golden age" of the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries in the Latin West, which witnessed the culmination of the recovery of ancient philosophy, along with the reception of its Arabic commentators, and significant developments in the fields of philosophy of religion, logic, and metaphysics.

Atomism

atomistsatomistatomistic
References to the concept of atomism and its atoms appeared in both ancient Greek and ancient Indian philosophical traditions.

Empiricism

empiricistempiricalempirically
In the late renaissance various writers began to question the medieval and classical understanding of knowledge acquisition in a more fundamental way.

Socrates

SocraticSokratesSocrate
Socrates exerted a strong influence on philosophers in later antiquity and in the modern era.

Hellenistic philosophy

HellenisticHellenismHellenistic philosophers
In Western philosophy, the spread of Christianity in the Roman Empire marked the ending of Hellenistic philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of medieval philosophy, whereas in Eastern philosophy, the spread of Islam through the Arab Empire marked the end of Old Iranian philosophy and ushered in the beginnings of early Islamic philosophy.

Laozi

Lao TzuLao-TzuLao Zi
At the beginning, it was considered a sort of Taoist sect, and there was even a theory about Laozi, founder of Taoism, who went to India and taught his philosophy to Buddha.

Eclecticism

eclecticeclectic styleeclectics
In ancient philosophy, the Eclectics use elements from multiple philosophies, texts, life experiences and their own philosophical ideas.

Pyrrho

Pyrrho of ElisOutlines of PyrrhonismPyrrhonic

Aristippus

Aristippus of CyreneAristippAristippus the Elder of Cyrene

Plato

Plato's dialoguesDialogues of PlatoPlatonic dialogues