Lord Grenville as Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by William Owen
St Salvator's Chapel, St Andrews
The Chancellor of the University of Oxford, Lord Patten, in procession at Encaenia, 2009
The Main Building of the University of Glasgow, from Kelvingrove Park
William Smyth, Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by Gilbert Jackson
King's College, Aberdeen
The University of Edinburgh's Robert Adam-designed Old College, home of its Law School
Marischal College, a former ancient university now part of the University of Aberdeen.

The Chancellor is a titular non-resident head to each university and is elected for life by the respective General Council, although in actuality a good number of Chancellors resign before the end of their "term of office".

- Ancient universities of Scotland

In the case of the ancient universities of Scotland, the principal is president of the academic senate.

- Chancellor (education)
Lord Grenville as Chancellor of the University of Oxford; painting by William Owen

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Shield of the University of St Andrews

University of St Andrews

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Public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

Public university in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland.

Shield of the University of St Andrews
College Hall, within the 16th-century St Mary's College building
St Salvator's Chapel
The Gateway building, built in 2000 as an International Golf Club and now used by the university's School of Management
Courtyard of the United College
Castle House, School of English
The Scores
View across St Salvator's Quad
The University of St Andrews Classics Building, Swallowgate
Observatory of the university
St Andrews University library building
King James Library
St Salvator's Chapel
The Wardlaw Wing of University Hall
St Salvator's Hall
The University shop and Rector's Cafe, part of the Union
Music Centre, Younger Hall
Quadrangle of St Mary's College
Madras RFC Playing Fields St Andrews
Entrance to St Mary's College
St Andrews students in undergraduate gowns
St Salvator's Quadrangle during the Raisin Weekend foam fight
St Andrews May Dip 2013
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge graduated together in 2005 with degrees in Geography and History of Art respectively.
Alex Salmond was the First Minister of Scotland and Leader of the SNP during the Scottish Independence Referendum in 2014.
View of St Andrews from the West Sands.
Thomas Chalmers
Edward Jenner
John Knox
John Napier
John Pringle
James Wilson
Madras College's former campus is the proposed location for New College

It is the oldest of the four ancient universities of Scotland and, following Oxford and Cambridge universities, the third-oldest university in the English-speaking world.

In 2009, Louise Richardson, an Irish-American political scientist specialising in the study of terrorism, was drawn from Harvard to serve as the first female Principal and Vice Chancellor of St Andrews.

University of Edinburgh

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Public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Public research university in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Interior dome of the McEwan Hall after restoration in 2017
Robert Rollock, Regent (1583–1586) and first principal (1586–1599) of the University of Edinburgh
Main buildings of King James' College in 1647, lying in a double courtyard on the lower left
The east facade of Old College facing onto South Bridge, as built in 1827. A dome similar to Adam's original design was added in 1887 by Sir Robert Rowand Anderson.
Plaque commemorating the Edinburgh Seven at the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh
Buildings of the old Medical School at Teviot Place, photographed in the late 19th century
Exterior of the McEwan Hall
Teviot Row House, drawn by architect Sydney Mitchell in 1888
Facade of New College facing onto The Mound in 1910
Plaque honouring the Polish School of Medicine at the old Medical School
Spiral staircase inside of the Informatics Forum
The Lady Lawson Street entrance of Edinburgh College of Art
Interior courtyard of Old College
The Main Library viewed from The Meadows
Pollock Halls of Residence seen from Arthur's Seat
The view of the Holyrood campus
Princess Anne, current chancellor of the University of Edinburgh
Hugh Blair, first Regius Professor of Rhetoric and Belles-Lettres appointed by King George III
Members of the medical faculty at Edinburgh in the first half of the 19th century
Old Surgical Hospital in Drummond Street, once part of the Royal Infirmary, today houses the university's Institute of Geography
Edinburgh graduation ceremony in the McEwan Hall
Playfair Library Hall in Old College
The former principal Sir Timothy O'Shea signed an agreement with Peking University in 2012
The Pleasance, one of EUSA's main buildings, is a theatre, bar, sports and recreation complex
Edinburgh University Music Society, performing Mahler in Greyfriars Kirk
The student-run Bedlam Theatre, home to the Edinburgh University Theatre Company
Peter Higgs, faculty at Edinburgh since 1960 and Emeritus Professor after retiring in 1996, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2013.
Gordon Brown, former Prime Minister and consecutive 10-year-long Chancellor of the Exchequer, is an alumnus (MA '72, PhD '82) and former rector of the university.
Appleton Tower
Business School
Centre for Regenerative Medicine
Erskine Williamson Building, King's Buildings
thumb|Informatics Forum, School of Informatics
Roslin Institute
Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, School of Medicine
Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies
Robert Adam, neoclassical architect
J. M. Barrie, novelist and playwright
James Barry, surgeon
Thomas Bayes, statistician
Joseph Black, physicist and chemist
Richard Bright, physician, father of nephrology
Robert Brown, botanist, discovered Brownian motion
Thomas Carlyle, historian and satirist
Thomas Chalmers, political economist
Charles Darwin, naturalist and biologist
Adam Ferguson, philosopher and historian
David Hume, philosopher
James Hutton, geologist, father of modern geology
James Clerk Maxwell, mathematician and physicist
Richard Owen, biologist, coined the term dinosaur
Macquorn Rankine, engineer, founding contributor to thermodynamics
Benjamin Rush, signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence
Walter Scott, novelist and poet
James Young Simpson, physician
Robert Louis Stevenson, novelist and poet
Dugald Stewart, philosopher and mathematician
James Wilson, Founding Father of the United States
John Witherspoon, Founding Father of the United States
Thomas Young, polymath
New College
Edinburgh University Mountaineering Club at the cairn on Ciste Dhubh, 1964
Max Born, Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy at Edinburgh from 1936 to 1953, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954.
Business School

Granted a royal charter by King James VI in 1582 and officially opened in 1583, it is one of Scotland's four ancient universities and the sixth-oldest university in continuous operation in the English-speaking world.

The office of chancellor serves as the titular head and highest office of the university.

Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen

University of Aberdeen

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Public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland.

Public research university in Aberdeen, Scotland.

Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen
Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen
Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen
King's College, Aberdeen.
Coat of arms of the University of Aberdeen
An illustration of King's College in 1661.
Marischal College
Christ's College, built in 1850
Marischal College quad with Mitchell Tower
Façade of the Sir Duncan Rice Library in Old Aberdeen
New Building, King's College ("New Kings")
The Powis Gateway on College Bounds
A 2017 aerial view of the Foresterhill Campus, showing University of Aberden and NHS Grampian facilities
The Great Gate at Marischal College
Elphinstone Hall (1930) which replaced the original Great Hall
Camilla, Duchess of Rothesay
This archway, designed by AM Mackenzie, leading to the forecourt of the New King's Building at King's College portrays, from top to bottom, the coat of arms of Scotland, the coat of arms of Bishop Elphinstone, and the University's coat of arms. It is also engraved with the University's Latin motto, Initium Sapientiae Timor Domini.
The scarlet gown (toga rubra) previously worn by undergraduates.
The Hub, a student social centre
Seaton Park
Aberdeen Sports Village (ASV) full-sized indoor 3G football pitch
Aberdeen Sports Village (ASV) games hall
The round tower (apparently known as the Ivy Tower) from ca. 1525 is one of the oldest parts of King's College (the University of Aberdeen) but it is now almost surrounded by later buildings.
Institute of Medical Sciences, Aberdeen
Chemistry Department
Cruickshank Building
Edward Wright Building
Fraser Noble Building
Geography Department
History Department
Faculty of Education
Zoology Building
The Rowett Institute
King's Pavilion
A mosaic of the University of Aberdeen coat of arms on the floor of King's College
George Wishart, early Protestant reformer<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Broun|first=Macolm|title=George Wishart: a Torch of the Reformation in Scotland|url=https://openjournals.library.sydney.edu.au/index.php/JSSSH/article/view/7156|journal=Journal of the Sydney Society for Scottish History|year=1995|volume=3}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|last=Lorimer|first=Peter|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=dZsQAAAAYAAJ&dq=GEORGE+WISHART+KING%27S+COLLEGE+GREEK&pg=PA91|title=The Scottish Reformation: A Historical Sketch|year=1923|pages=91}}</ref>
Thomas Reid, founder of the Scottish School of Common Sense.<ref>{{cite web |title=Thomas Reid |url=https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/reid/ |website=Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy |access-date=1 January 2022}}</ref>
Alastair Darling, Chancellor of the Exchequer.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Robertson |first1=Kirsten |title=Alistair Darling offers wise words to Aberdeen University graduates |url=https://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/fp/education/higher-education/1615743/alistair-darling-offers-wise-words-to-aberdeen-university-graduates/ |access-date=1 January 2022 |work=Aberdeen press and Journal |date=23 November 2018}}</ref>
Tessa Jowell, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport and Minister for the Olympics.<ref>{{cite news |last1=Hebdich |first1=Jon |title=Memories of Dame Tessa Jowell's education in Aberdeen flood in |url=https://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/fp/education/higher-education/1475037/memories-of-dame-tessa-jowells-education-in-aberdeen-flood-in/ |access-date=1 January 2022 |work=Aberdeen Press and Journal |date=15 May 2018}}</ref>
Gilbert Burnet, adviser to William III, philosopher, historian, and Bishop of Salisbury.<ref>{{cite web |title=The Burnet Psalter |url=https://www.abdn.ac.uk/burnet-psalter/ |website=Aberdeen University |access-date=1 January 2022}}</ref>
Patrick Manson, founder of the field of tropical medicine, the London School of Tropical Medicine, Dairy Farm, and the University of Hong Kong.<ref>{{cite web |title=Sir Patrick Manson (1844-1922) |url=https://www.lshtm.ac.uk/aboutus/introducing/history/frieze/sir-patrick-manson |website=London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine |access-date=1 January 2022}}</ref>
Alexander Bain, analytical philosopher, psychologist, educationalist, and founder of the first academic psychology and philosophy journal, Mind.<ref>{{cite web |title=Alexander Bain (1818-1903) |url=http://www.scottishphilosophy.org/philosophers/alexander-bain/ |website=Institute for the Study of Scottish Philosophy |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
Robert Brown, botanist and discoverer of Brownian motion. (Was a student, but did not graduate).<ref>{{cite book |last1=Burbidge |first1=N T |title=Brown, Robert (1773–1858) |url=https://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/brown-robert-1835 |website=Australian Dictionary of Biography |publisher=Australian National University |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
John Arbuthnot, scientist, mathematician, court physician to Queen Anne, author, and co-founder of the Scriblerus Club. Fellow of the Royal Society (1704).<ref>{{cite web |title=John Arbuthnot |url=https://mathshistory.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Arbuthnot/ |website=MacTutor (History of Mathematics Archive) |publisher=School of Mathematics and Statistics University of St Andrews |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
Sir James Mackintosh, philosopher, historian, and Whig politician.<ref>{{cite web |title=MS 2164 - Sir James Mackintosh, M.P.: correspondence and biographical notes |url=https://calm.abdn.ac.uk/archives/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=MS+2164%2F1 |website=Museums and Special Collections, University of Aberdeen |access-date=2 January 2022}}</ref>
James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, jurist and pioneer anthropologist who anticipated principles of Darwinian evolution.<ref>{{cite web |title=James Burnett, Lord Monboddo (1714-1799) |url=https://www.ed.ac.uk/alumni/services/notable-alumni/alumni-in-history/lord-monboddo |website=The University of Edinburgh |publisher=Alumni Services |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Gregory, discoverer of the infinite series and designer of the first practical reflecting telescope, the Gregorian telescope.<ref>{{cite web |title=Who was James Gregory? |url=https://www.nms.ac.uk/explore-our-collections/stories/science-and-technology/reflecting-and-refracting-telescopes/telescopes/james-gregory/ |website=National Museums Scotland |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Blair, founder of The College of William and Mary.<ref>{{cite web |title=James Blair Statue, Dedicated 1993 |url=https://tribetrek.wm.edu/items/show/13 |website=TribeTrek |publisher=Special Collections Research Center, William & Mary Libraries |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
William Thornton, physician, inventor, painter, and architect of the United States Capitol.<ref>{{cite web |title=Dr. William Thornton |url=https://www.aoc.gov/about-us/history/architects-of-the-capitol/dr-william-thornton |website=Architect of the Capitol |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Gibbs, architect. Studied at Marischal College.<ref>{{cite ODNB |last1=Friedman |first1=Terry |title=Gibbs [Gibb], James |url=https://www.oxforddnb.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/9780198614128.001.0001/odnb-9780198614128-e-10604?mediaType=Article |access-date=3 January 2022 |date=3 January 2008|doi=10.1093/ref:odnb/10604 }}</ref>
Iain Glen, actor. Former English student and recipient of an honorary LLD (2004).<ref>{{cite web |title=Iain Glen |url=https://www.abdn.ac.uk/alumni/our-alumni/game-of-thrones.php |website=University of Aberdeen |publisher=Alumni Relations |access-date=3 January 2022}}</ref>
James Macpherson, writer, poet, politician, and 'translator' of the Ossian cycle of epic poems.
Sir Thomas Sutherland, banker, politician, and founder of the Hong Kong Bank and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC).
Robert Davidson, inventor of the electric locomotive.
Frederick Soddy, Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
John Macleod, Nobel Prize in Medicine
George Paget Thomson, Nobel Prize in Physics
John Boyd Orr, Nobel Peace Prize
Richard Laurence Millington Synge, Nobel Prize in Chemistry

It is an ancient university founded in 1495 when William Elphinstone, Bishop of Aberdeen and Chancellor of Scotland, petitioned Pope Alexander VI on behalf of James IV, King of Scots to establish King's College, making it Scotland's third-oldest university and the fifth-oldest in the English-speaking world.

It is nominally headed by the chancellor, a largely ceremonial position traditionally held by the Bishop of Aberdeen but divorced from the see as a result of the Scottish Reformation and holders are now elected for life by the General Council.

Principal (academia)

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Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a university or college in certain parts of the Commonwealth.

Chief executive and the chief academic officer of a university or college in certain parts of the Commonwealth.

Queen's University, the constituent colleges of the University of Toronto and McGill University in Canada have principals instead of presidents or rectors, as a result of their Scottish origins.

In the case of the ancient universities of Scotland the principal is president of the Academic Senate.

University court

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Administrative body of a university in the United Kingdom.

Administrative body of a university in the United Kingdom.

The university courts were first established for the ancient universities by the Universities (Scotland) Act 1858 and they are responsible for the finances and administration of each university.

At an ancient university the court is chaired by the rector, who ranks third after the chancellor and vice-chancellor, is elected by all the matriculated students of each university.