Andhra Statewikipedia
Andhra State (IAST: ) was a state in India created 1953, from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.
AndhraAndhra Pradeshstate of AndhraAndhra Pradesh Foundation Daythe namade vs manade

Coastal Andhra

Andhracoastal Andhracoastal
The state was made up of two distinct cultural regions – Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra.
This region was part of Madras State before 1953 and Andhra State from 1953 to 1956.

Rayalaseema

CededRayalseemaUttarandhra, Rayalaseema
The state was made up of two distinct cultural regions – Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra.
From 1953–1956, the region was a part of Andhra State and in 1956, the Telangana region was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh State.

Madras State

MadrasGovernment of MadrasMadras Province
Andhra State (IAST: ) was a state in India created 1953, from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State. On 1 October 1953, 11 districts in the Telugu-speaking portion of Madras State became the new Andhra State with Kurnool as the capital.
Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema were separated to form Andhra State in 1953, while South Canara and Bellary districts were merged with Mysore State, and Malabar District with the State of Travancore-Cochin to form Kerala in 1956.

Potti Sreeramulu

Potti SriramuluPotti Sri RamuluPotti Sreeramulu
In an effort to protect the interests of the Telugu people of Madras State, Potti Sreeramulu attempted to force the Madras state government to listen to public demands for the separation of Telugu-speaking districts (Rayalaseema and Coastal Andhra) from Madras State to form Andhra State.
His death sparked public rioting and Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru declared the intent by the newly liberated nation to form Andhra State three days following the death of Sreeramulu.

Tanguturi Prakasam

T. PrakasamPrakasamT Prakasam
Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu (also known as Andhra Kesari – "The Lion of Andhra") became the first Chief Minister of the new state.
Tanguturi Prakasam Pantulu (23 August 1872 – 20 May 1957) was an Indian politician and freedom fighter, chief minister of the Madras Presidency, and subsequently became the first chief minister of the new Andhra state, created by the partition of Madras State along linguistic lines.

Kurnool

KurnoolNawab of KurnoolKurnool City
On 1 October 1953, 11 districts in the Telugu-speaking portion of Madras State became the new Andhra State with Kurnool as the capital.
It was the capital of Andhra State from 1 October 1953 to 31 October 1956.

Prakasam district

PrakasamPrakasam DistrictPrakasham
The district was named after the patriot and first Chief Minister of Andhra State Tanguturi Prakasam, also known as Andhra Kesari (Lion of Andhra), who was born in the village of Vinodarayunipalem.

Telangana

telanganaTSTelangana State
On 1 November 1956 Andhra State and the Telangana region of Hyderabad State were merged to form the united Telugu-speaking State of Andhra Pradesh. After reorganisation in 1956, regions of the state west of the red and blue lines merged with Bombay and Mysore States, respectively, and the rest of the state (Telangana) was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh State.
In 1956, the Hyderabad State was dissolved as part of the linguistic reorganisation of states and Telangana was merged with the Telugu-speaking Andhra State (part of the Madras Presidency during the British Raj) to form Andhra Pradesh.

Gentlemen's Agreement of 1956

Gentlemen's agreementGentleman's agreementagreements
This came to be known as the Gentlemen's agreement.
The Gentlemen's agreement of Andhra Pradesh was signed between Telangana and Andhra leaders before the formation of the state of Andhra Pradesh of India in 1956.

1972 Jai Andhra movement

1972 Jai Andhra movementJai Andhra MovementJai Andhra Agitation
When the Supreme Court upheld the discriminatory mulki rules applicable among the people of a state, it spawned the 1972 Jai Andhra movement.
Jai Andhra movement is a 1972 political movement in support for the creation of Andhra state in the light of injustices felt by the people of the Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema Regions.

Telangana movement

bifurcation of Andhra PradeshTelangana Agitationbifurcation of Andhra Pradesh state
The Telangana movement was started in 1969, demanding proper implementation of the Gentlemen's agreement, particularly the mulki rules.
The States Reorganisation Commission (SRC) discussed pros and cons of the merger of Telugu speaking Telangana region of Hyderabad state with Andhra state.

Andhra Pradesh

APAndhraAndhra Pradesh
On 1 November 1956 Andhra State and the Telangana region of Hyderabad State were merged to form the united Telugu-speaking State of Andhra Pradesh. After reorganisation in 1956, regions of the state west of the red and blue lines merged with Bombay and Mysore States, respectively, and the rest of the state (Telangana) was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh State.
After Potti Sreeramulu's death, the Telugu-speaking area of Andhra State was carved out of Madras State on 1 October 1953, with Kurnool as its capital city.

Visalandhra movement

VisalandhraVishalandhra
While the Fazal Ali commission emphasises on the necessity and benefits Visalandhra, the report suggests that the process of merging may only be done after 5 years.
(The Communist Party of India demanded for the formation of similar linguistic states across India.) The movement succeeded and a separate state of Andhra Pradesh was formed by merging Telugu-speaking areas of Hyderabad State (Telangana) with Andhra State on 1 November 1956 as part of the States Reorganisation Act.

Bulusu Sambamurti

Bulusu SambamurtiMaharshi Bulusu Samba Murthy
He started fasting again for attaining statehood for Andhra in Maharshi Bulusu Sambamurti's house in Madras on 19 October 1952.
Potti Sriramulu fasted to death for the state of Andhra.

States and union territories of India

StateIndian statestates
Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State.

Mysore State

Mysorestate of MysoreGangavadi
After reorganisation in 1956, regions of the state west of the red and blue lines merged with Bombay and Mysore States, respectively, and the rest of the state (Telangana) was merged with Andhra State to form Andhra Pradesh State.
Bellary district was transferred from Andhra State.

States Reorganisation Act, 1956

States Reorganisation ActStates Reorganisation Act of 1956linguistic reorganisation of states
The movement to create a Telugu-speaking state out of the northern portion of Madras State gathered strength in the years after independence, and in 1953, the sixteen northern Telugu-speaking districts of Madras State became the new State of Andhra.

Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1952

1952 election19521952 Madras elections
The Telugu speaking regions of Madras State split to form the Andhra state in 1953, leading to the consolidation of the non-Brahmin Congress faction under the leadership of K. Kamaraj.

Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly

Legislative AssemblyAndhra PradeshAssembly
After the formation of Andhra State on 1 October 1953, the first Andhra Legislative Assembly was constituted.

Madras Legislative Assembly election, 1957

19571957 election1957 elections
On 1 October 1953, a separate Andhra State consisting of the Telugu-speaking areas of the composite Madras State was formed and the Kannada-speaking area of Bellary District was merged with the then Mysore State.

History of the Telangana movement

The history of the Telangana movement refers to the political and social conditions under which the Telangana region was merged with Andhra State to form the state of Andhra Pradesh and the subsequent demands to reverse the merger to form a new state of Telangana.

Pre-2004 Telangana protests

six-point formula
Andhra state and Telangana was merged to form Andhra Pradesh state on 1 November 1956 after providing safeguards to Telangana in the form of Gentlemen's agreement.

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

N. Sanjiva ReddyNeelam Sanjeeva ReddyDr. Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
Reddy became the deputy chief minister of Andhra State in 1953 and the first Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh in 1956.

Bezawada Gopala Reddy

He was Chief Minister of the erstwhile Andhra State (28 March 1955 – 1 November 1956) and Governor of Uttar Pradesh (1 May 1967 – 1 July 1972).