Andreas Hofer

Andreas-HoferA. HoferAndrew Hoferfreedom struggleTyrol Rebellion
Andreas Hofer (November 22, 1767 – February 20, 1810) was a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition.wikipedia
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Tyrolean Rebellion

18091809 rebellionrise
Andreas Hofer (November 22, 1767 – February 20, 1810) was a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition.
The Tyrolean Rebellion of 1809 (German: Tiroler Volksaufstand) was a rebellion of peasants in the County of Tyrol led by Andreas Hofer against the occupation of their homeland by the French and Bavarian troops within the context of the War of the Fifth Coalition against Napoleon I.

Innsbruck

IglsInnsbruck, AustriaWilten
The Tyrolean Rebellion began on 9 April 1809 in Innsbruck.
Andreas Hofer led a Tyrolean peasant army to victory in the Battles of Bergisel against the combined Bavarian and French forces, and then made Innsbruck the centre of his administration.

Bavarian Army

Royal Bavarian ArmyBavarianarmy
During the stern measures of Minister Maximilian von Montgelas and the forced recruitment into the Bavarian Army, Hofer became a leader of the anti-Bavarian movement.
Bavaria was awarded the Austrian province of Tyrol as a reward, but unrest erupted into a full-blown rebellion under Andreas Hofer in 1809, which could only be put down with French assistance.

Battles of Bergisel

Battle of BergiselFirst battle of the BergiselIselberg
Though French forces came across the Brenner Pass as a relief and a united French-Bavarian contingent counterattacked the next night, the Tyroleans fought them in the First Battle of Bergisel until Hofer and his allies won on the morning of the 13th.
The Tyrolean forces, loyal to Austria, were led by Andreas Hofer, Josef Speckbacher, Peter Mayr, Capuchin Father Joachim Haspinger, and Major Martin Teimer.

County of Tyrol

TyrolTyroleanTirol
Andreas Hofer (November 22, 1767 – February 20, 1810) was a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition.
Glorified as Tyrol's national hero, Andreas Hofer, the leader of the uprising, was executed in 1810 in Mantua.

War of the Fifth Coalition

Fifth Coalition1809 campaignFifth
Andreas Hofer (November 22, 1767 – February 20, 1810) was a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition.
In Tyrol, Andreas Hofer led a rebellion against Bavarian rule and French domination that resulted in early isolated victories, but the uprising was suppressed after the French won at Wagram.

St. Leonhard in Passeier

St. LeonhardSan LeonardoSan Leonardo in Passiria
Andreas Hofer was born 1767 in St. Leonhard in Passeier, in the Habsburg crown land of Tyrol.

Trento

TrentTridentumTrento, Italy
While Austrian forces under General Johann Gabriel Chasteler de Courcelles moved into the Tyrolean capital and installed a provisional government led by Joseph Hormayr, Hofer advanced south, taking Bozen and Trent.
The resistance leader was Andreas Hofer.

Zu Mantua in Banden

Andreas-Hofer-Lied
The song Zu Mantua in Banden (today the anthem of the State of Tyrol) tells the story of his tragic fate and execution.
Zu Mantua in Banden (also known as the Andreas-Hofer-Lied) is one of the most popular folk songs and, since 1948, the official anthem of the current Austrian State of Tyrol, i.e. the Northern and Eastern part of the former County of Tyrol.

François Joseph Lefebvre

LefebvreMarshal LefebvreFrançois Lefebvre
The French Marshal François Joseph Lefebvre took charge of the Tyrolean theatre, and Bavarian and Saxon forces under the command of Karl Philipp von Wrede on May 13 defeated the Austrians in a bloody skirmish at Wörgl.
Defeated by Tyrolean patriot Andreas Hofer in the same year, he was replaced.

Joseph Hormayr, Baron zu Hortenburg

Joseph HormayrHormayrJoseph Hormayr Freiherr zu Hortenburg
While Austrian forces under General Johann Gabriel Chasteler de Courcelles moved into the Tyrolean capital and installed a provisional government led by Joseph Hormayr, Hofer advanced south, taking Bozen and Trent.
But his history of the Tirolese rebellion is far from being impartial; for he always liked to put himself into the first place, and the merits of Andreas Hofer and of other leaders are not sufficiently acknowledged.

Mantua

MantovaMantua, Italya city in Italy
Hofer was captured by Italian troops on January 28, 1810 and was sent to Mantua in chains to face a court-martial.
In 1810 Andreas Hofer was shot by Porta Giulia, a gate of the town at Borgo di Porto (Cittadella) for leading the insurrection in the County of Tyrol against Napoleon.

Andreas Hofer (film)

Andreas HoferAndreas Hofer'' (film)
The 1929 German silent film Andreas Hofer is a biopic of his life.
It is based on the story of the Tyrolean innkeeper and patriot Andreas Hofer who led an Austrian uprising against Bavarian and French troops during the Napoleonic Wars.

Tyrol (state)

TyrolTirolTyrolean
The song Zu Mantua in Banden (today the anthem of the State of Tyrol) tells the story of his tragic fate and execution.
Andreas Hofer led the Tyrolean Rebellion against the French and Bavarian occupiers.

Droving

droversdroverdrove
Andreas Hofer (November 22, 1767 – February 20, 1810) was a Tyrolean innkeeper and drover, who in 1809 became the leader of the Tyrolean Rebellion against the revolutionary Napoleonic invasion during the War of the Fifth Coalition.

Folk hero

national heronational heroesnational heroine
Hofer is still today venerated as a folk hero, freedom fighter and Austrian patriot.

Patriotism

patrioticpatriotpatriots
Hofer is still today venerated as a folk hero, freedom fighter and Austrian patriot.

Habsburg Monarchy

Habsburg EmpireHabsburgAustria
Andreas Hofer was born 1767 in St. Leonhard in Passeier, in the Habsburg crown land of Tyrol.

Northern Italy

northernNorthern ItalianNorth
He also traded wine and horses in adjacent Northern Italy and learned the Italian language.

Landtag

state parliamentparliamentstate parliaments
In 1791 he was elected to the Tyrolean Landtag assembly.

War of the Third Coalition

Third CoalitionThirdWar of the Third Coalition against France
In the War of the Third Coalition against the French he became a sharpshooter and later a militia captain in the Austrian Imperial and Royal Army.

Imperial and Royal Army during the Napoleonic Wars

Austrian armyImperial Austrian ArmyAustrian Imperial Army
In the War of the Third Coalition against the French he became a sharpshooter and later a militia captain in the Austrian Imperial and Royal Army.

Peace of Pressburg (1805)

Peace of PressburgTreaty of PressburgTreaty of Pressburg (1805)
After the Austrian defeat, Tyrol was transferred to the Kingdom of Bavaria (France's ally) according to the 1805 Treaty of Pressburg.

Maximilian von Montgelas

MontgelasCount Maximilian Joseph von MontgelasCount Max Josef von Montgelas
During the stern measures of Minister Maximilian von Montgelas and the forced recruitment into the Bavarian Army, Hofer became a leader of the anti-Bavarian movement.

Vienna

Vienna, AustriaWienViennese
In January 1809, he was part of a delegation to Vienna to ask Emperor Francis I of Austria for support for a possible uprising.