Android (operating system)

AndroidAndroid operating systemAndroid OSGoogle AndroidDroidAndroid AppAndroid devicesAndroid phonesAndroid-basedAndroid platform
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.wikipedia
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Android TV

televisionTV
In addition, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Wear OS for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface.
Android TV is a version of the Android operating system designed for digital media players.

Wear OS

smartwatchWear OS By GoogleWear
In addition, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Wear OS for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface.
Wear OS, formally known as Wear OS by Google, and previously known as Android Wear, is a version of Google's Android operating system designed for smartwatches and other wearables.

Android Auto

carAuto
In addition, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and Wear OS for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface.
Android Auto is a mobile app developed by Google to mirror features from an Android device (e.g., smartphone) to a car's compatible in-dash information and entertainment head unit or to a dashcam.

Fire OS

Android OS (customized)FireOSFire OS 5 "Bellini
These apps are licensed by manufacturers of Android devices certified under standards imposed by Google, but AOSP has been used as the basis of competing Android ecosystems, such as Amazon.com's Fire OS, which use their own equivalents to GMS.
Amazon Fire OS is an Android-based mobile operating system produced by Amazon for its Fire Phone and Kindle Fire range of tablets, Echo and Echo Dot, and other content delivery devices like Fire TV; the tablet versions of the Kindle e-readers are the Fire range.

Google Chrome

ChromeChrome browserGoogle Chrome Extension
Android is also associated with a suite of proprietary software developed by Google, called Google Mobile Services (GMS) that very frequently comes pre-installed in devices, which usually includes the Google Chrome web browser and Google Search and always includes core apps for services such as Gmail, as well as the application store and digital distribution platform Google Play, and associated development platform.
It was first released on September 2, 2008 for Microsoft Windows, and was later ported to Linux, macOS, iOS and Android.

Linux kernel

Linuxkernelkernels
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The Android operating system for tablet computers, smartphones, and smartwatches uses services provided by the Linux kernel to implement its functionality.

HTC Dream

G1first commercial Android deviceDream
Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007, with the first commercial Android device launched in September 2008.
First released in September 2008, the Dream was the first commercially released device to use the Linux-based Android operating system, which was purchased and further developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance to create an open competitor to other major smartphone platforms of the time, such as Symbian operating system, BlackBerry OS, and iPhone OS.

Google

Google Inc.Google, Inc.Googling
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
The company leads the development of the Android mobile operating system, the Google Chrome web browser, and Chrome OS, a lightweight operating system based on the Chrome browser.

Windows Mobile

MobileWindows Mobile 6Windows Mobile 6.5
The company then decided that the market for cameras was not large enough for its goals, and by five months later it had diverted its efforts and was pitching Android as a handset operating system that would rival Symbian and Microsoft Windows Mobile.
It became one of the most popular mobile operating systems as of the mid-2000s, but its popularity faded rapidly in the following years, and by February 2010, facing competition from rival mobile OSs, including Apple's iOS and Android, Microsoft announced Windows Phone to supersede Windows Mobile.

BlackBerry

CrackberryBlackBerry OSBlackberries
An early prototype had a close resemblance to a BlackBerry phone, with no touchscreen and a physical QWERTY keyboard, but the arrival of 2007's Apple iPhone meant that Android "had to go back to the drawing board".
However, BlackBerry has since lost its dominant position in the market due to the success of the Android and iOS platforms; the same numbers had fallen to 23 million in March 2016.

Mobile operating system

mobile platformsmobile OSmobile operating systems
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
By Q1 2018, over 383 million smartphones were sold with 85.9 percent running Android and 14.1 percent running iOS.

Symbian

Symbian OSSymbian^3Nokia Belle
The company then decided that the market for cameras was not large enough for its goals, and by five months later it had diverted its efforts and was pitching Android as a handset operating system that would rival Symbian and Microsoft Windows Mobile.
As a pioneer that established the smartphone industry, it was the most popular smartphone OS on a worldwide average until the end of 2010 at a time when smartphones were in limited use, when it was overtaken by Android, as Google and its partners achieved wide adoption.

Samsung Galaxy S4

Galaxy S4S4Galaxy S4 Accessories
At its developer conference in May 2013, Google announced a special version of the Samsung Galaxy S4, where, instead of using Samsung's own Android customization, the phone ran "stock Android" and was promised to receive new system updates fast.
The Samsung Galaxy S4 is an Android smartphone produced by Samsung Electronics and was first shown publicly on March 14, 2013 at Samsung Mobile Unpacked in New York City.

Linux

GNU/LinuxLinLinux operating system
Within a year, the Open Handset Alliance faced two other open source competitors, the Symbian Foundation and the LiMo Foundation, the latter also developing a Linux-based mobile operating system like Google.
Because of the dominance of the Linux kernel-based Android OS on smartphones, Linux has the largest installed base of all general-purpose operating systems.

App store

application storeapp storesapp marketplace
Android is also associated with a suite of proprietary software developed by Google, called Google Mobile Services (GMS) that very frequently comes pre-installed in devices, which usually includes the Google Chrome web browser and Google Search and always includes core apps for services such as Gmail, as well as the application store and digital distribution platform Google Play, and associated development platform.
Today apps are normally designed to run on a specific operating system, - such as the contemporary iOS, macOS, Windows or Android - but in the past mobile carriers had their own portals for apps and related media content (for example, Vodafone live! or T-Zones).

Andy Rubin

Android Inc. was founded in Palo Alto, California, in October 2003 by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White.
He is the co-founder and former CEO of both Danger Inc. and Android Inc.

HTC One (M7)

HTC OneOne (M7)2013
The device would become the start of the Google Play edition program, and was followed by other devices, including the HTC One Google Play edition, and Moto G Google Play edition.
The HTC One (codenamed and retroactively called M7) is a touchscreen-based Android smartphone designed, developed, and manufactured by HTC.

Android version history

Android 4.4.2 KitkatJelly BeanAndroid 2.3
Since 2008, Android has seen numerous updates which have incrementally improved the operating system, adding new features and fixing bugs in previous releases.
The version history of the Android mobile operating system began with the public release of the Android beta on November 5, 2007.

Android KitKat

KitKatAndroid 4.4 "KitKatAndroid 4.4.4 "KitKat
During its announcement of Android KitKat in 2013, Google explained that "Since these devices make our lives so sweet, each Android version is named after a dessert", although a Google spokesperson told CNN in an interview that "It's kind of like an internal team thing, and we prefer to be a little bit — how should I say — a bit inscrutable in the matter, I'll say".
Android "KitKat" is a codename for the Android mobile operating system and the eleventh version of Android.

Google Nexus

NexusGoogleNexus 7
In 2010, Google launched its Nexus series of devices, a lineup in which Google partnered with different device manufacturers to produce new devices and introduce new Android versions.
Google Nexus is a line of consumer electronic devices that run the Android operating system.

Moto G (1st generation)

Moto GMotorola Moto GMoto G (2013) (US Version)
The device would become the start of the Google Play edition program, and was followed by other devices, including the HTC One Google Play edition, and Moto G Google Play edition.
The Moto G is an Android smartphone developed and manufactured by Motorola Mobility.

Android One

Android One smartphonesEvercossOne
In June 2014, Google announced Android One, a set of "hardware reference models" that would "allow [device makers] to easily create high-quality phones at low costs", designed for consumers in developing countries.
Android One is a series of smartphones that run the unmodified Android operating system.

Gmail

gmail.comGoogle Mailweb-based email
Android is also associated with a suite of proprietary software developed by Google, called Google Mobile Services (GMS) that very frequently comes pre-installed in devices, which usually includes the Google Chrome web browser and Google Search and always includes core apps for services such as Gmail, as well as the application store and digital distribution platform Google Play, and associated development platform.
By February 2016, Gmail had one billion active users worldwide, and was the first app on the Google Play Store to hit one billion installations on Android devices.

Google I/O

developer conferenceI/OI/O developer conference
At its developer conference in May 2013, Google announced a special version of the Samsung Galaxy S4, where, instead of using Samsung's own Android customization, the phone ran "stock Android" and was promised to receive new system updates fast.
I/O showcases technical in-depth sessions focused on building web, mobile, and enterprise applications with Google and open sources such as Android, Chrome and Chrome OS, APIs, Google Web Toolkit, App Engine, and more.

HTC

HTC CorporationHTC CorportionHigh Tech Computer
On November 5, 2007, the Open Handset Alliance, a consortium of technology companies including Google, device manufacturers such as HTC, Motorola and Samsung, wireless carriers such as Sprint and T-Mobile, and chipset makers such as Qualcomm and Texas Instruments, unveiled itself, with a goal to develop "the first truly open and comprehensive platform for mobile devices".
After initially making smartphones based mostly on Windows Mobile, HTC became a co-founding member of the Open Handset Alliance, a group of handset manufacturers and mobile network operators dedicated to the development of the Android mobile operating system.