A report on RoboticsRobot and Android (robot)

The Shadow robot hand system
ASIMO (2000) at the Expo 2005
Early example of the term androides used to describe human-like mechanical devices, London Times, 22 December 1795
Mechanical construction
Articulated welding robots used in a factory are a type of industrial robot
DER 01, a Japanese actroid
Electrical aspect
The quadrupedal military robot Cheetah, an evolution of BigDog (pictured), was clocked as the world's fastest legged robot in 2012, beating the record set by an MIT bipedal robot in 1989.
EveR-2, the first android that can sing
A level of programming
KITT (a fictional robot) is mentally anthropomorphic.
Dr. William Barry (left) with Maria Bot (right)
The InSight lander with solar panels deployed in a cleanroom
iCub is physically anthropomorphic.
Dr. William Barry (right) and a fan pose with Maria Bot (center)
A robotic leg powered by air muscles
Al-Jazari – A Musical Toy
KUKA industrial robot operating in a foundry
Su Song's astronomical clock tower showing the mechanical figurines which chimed the hours.
Puma, one of the first industrial robots
Model of Leonardo's robot with inner workings. Possibly constructed by Leonardo da Vinci around 1495.
Baxter, a modern and versatile industrial robot developed by Rodney Brooks
The Brennan torpedo, one of the earliest 'guided missiles'
Lefty, first checker playing robot
W. H. Richards with "George", 1932
Segway in the Robot museum in Nagoya
U.S. Patent 2,988,237, issued in 1961 to Devol.
TALON military robots used by the United States Army
A scene from Karel Čapek's 1920 play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots), showing three robots
Two robot snakes. Left one has 64 motors (with 2 degrees of freedom per segment), the right one 10.
A laparoscopic robotic surgery machine
Capuchin, a climbing robot
A pick and place robot in a factory
Robotic Fish: iSplash-II
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo International Robot Exhibition (IREX) 2009
The autonomous sailboat robot Vaimos
An android, or robot designed to resemble a human, can appear comforting to some people and disturbing to others
Radar, GPS, and lidar, are all combined to provide proper navigation and obstacle avoidance (vehicle developed for 2007 DARPA Urban Challenge)
A general-purpose robot acts as a guide during the day and a security guard at night.
Kismet can produce a range of facial expressions.
An intelligent AGV drops-off goods without needing lines or beacons in the workspace.
Puppet Magnus, a robot-manipulated marionette with complex control systems.
A U.S. Marine Corps technician prepares to use a telerobot to detonate a buried improvised explosive device near Camp Fallujah, Iraq.
Experimental planar robot arm and sensor-based, open-architecture robot controller developed at Sunderland University, UK in 2000
The Roomba domestic vacuum cleaner robot does a single, menial job
RuBot II can manually resolve Rubik's cubes.
The Care-Providing Robot FRIEND
TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played ping pong at Tokyo IREX 2009.
Toy robots on display at the Museo del Objeto del Objeto in Mexico City.
Two Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineers stand with three vehicles, providing a size comparison of three generations of Mars rovers. Front and center is the flight spare for the first Mars rover, Sojourner, which landed on Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars Pathfinder Project. On the left is a Mars Exploration Rover (MER) test vehicle that is a working sibling to Spirit and Opportunity, which landed on Mars in 2004. On the right is a test rover for the Mars Science Laboratory, which landed Curiosity on Mars in 2012. Sojourner is 65 cm long. The Mars Exploration Rovers (MER) are 1.6 m long. Curiosity on the right is 3 m long.
Italian movie The Mechanical Man (1921), the first film to have shown a battle between robots.
The SCORBOT-ER 4u educational robot
A robot technician builds small all-terrain robots. (Courtesy: MobileRobots, Inc.)

Robotics involves design, construction, operation, and use of robots.

- Robotics

Historically, androids were completely within the domain of science fiction and frequently seen in film and television, but recent advances in robot technology now allow the design of functional and realistic humanoid robots.

- Android (robot)

The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing is robotics.

- Robot

Although Karel Čapek's robots in R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) (1921)—the play that introduced the word robot to the world—were organic artificial humans, the word "robot" has come to primarily refer to mechanical humans, animals, and other beings.

- Android (robot)

The play begins in a factory that makes artificial people called robots, creatures who can be mistaken for humans – very similar to the modern ideas of androids.

- Robotics

The play begins in a factory that uses a chemical substitute for protoplasm to manufacture living, simplified people called robots. The play does not focus in detail on the technology behind the creation of these living creatures, but in their appearance they prefigure modern ideas of androids, creatures who can be mistaken for humans.

- Robot
The Shadow robot hand system

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Isaac Asimov

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Russian-born American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Russian-born American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.

Robert A. Heinlein and L. Sprague de Camp with Asimov (right), Philadelphia Navy Yard, 1944
Asimov with his second wife, Janet. "They became a permanent feature of my face, and it is now difficult to believe early photographs that show me without sideburns." (Photo by Jay Kay Klein.)
The first installment of Asimov's Tyrann was the cover story in the fourth issue of Galaxy Science Fiction in 1951. The novel was issued in book form later that year as The Stars Like Dust.
The first installment of Asimov's The Caves of Steel on the cover of the October 1953 issue of Galaxy Science Fiction, illustrated by Ed Emshwiller
The novelette "Legal Rites", a collaboration with Frederik Pohl, the only Asimov story to appear in Weird Tales

The Oxford English Dictionary credits his science fiction for introducing into the English language the words "robotics", "positronic" (an entirely fictional technology), and "psychohistory" (which is also used for a different study on historical motivations).

Asimov coined the term "robotics" without suspecting that it might be an original word; at the time, he believed it was simply the natural analogue of words such as mechanics and hydraulics, but for robots.

Star Trek: The Next Generation featured androids with "positronic brains" and the first-season episode "Datalore" called the positronic brain "Asimov's dream".