Anglican Communion

AnglicanAnglican ChurchAnglicansAnglicanismEpiscopalAnglican churchesAnglican ProvinceEpiscopalianAnglican adherentsInstruments of Communion
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion.wikipedia
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List of Christian denominations by number of members

largest Christian churchlargest denominationall Christian denominations
The Anglican Communion is the third largest Christian communion.
The list includes the following Christian denominations: the Catholic Church including the Eastern Catholic Churches; all the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches with some recognition and their offshoots; Protestant denominations with at least 0.2 million members; the provinces of the Anglican Communion with at least 0.2 million members; all the other Christian branches with distinct theologies, such as Restorationist and Nontrinitarianian denominations; the independent Catholic denominations; and the Church of the East.

England

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Founded in 1867 in London, England, the communion currently has 85 million members within the Church of England and other national and regional churches in full communion.
The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations.

Church of England

AnglicanChurchC of E
Founded in 1867 in London, England, the communion currently has 85 million members within the Church of England and other national and regional churches in full communion.
The Church of England is also the mother church of the international Anglican Communion.

Archbishop of Canterbury

Archbishops of CanterburyCanterburysee of Canterbury
The Archbishop of Canterbury (currently Justin Welby) in England acts as a focus of unity, recognised as primus inter pares ("first among equals"), but does not exercise authority in Anglican provinces outside of the Church of England.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop and principal leader of the Church of England, the symbolic head of the worldwide Anglican Communion and the diocesan bishop of the Diocese of Canterbury.

Lambeth Conference

Lambeth ConferencesSeventh Lambeth Conference1930 Lambeth Conference
The Anglican Communion was founded at the Lambeth Conference in 1867 in London, England, under the leadership of Charles Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury.
The Lambeth Conference is a decennial assembly of bishops of the Anglican Communion convened by the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Justin Welby

Archbishop of CanterburyArchbishop WelbyArchbishop
The Archbishop of Canterbury (currently Justin Welby) in England acts as a focus of unity, recognised as primus inter pares ("first among equals"), but does not exercise authority in Anglican provinces outside of the Church of England.
As Archbishop of Canterbury, he is the Primate of All England and the head Primus inter pares of the worldwide Anglican Communion.

Anglican doctrine

Anglican theologyAnglicanismdoctrinal
The traditional origins of Anglican doctrines are summarised in the Thirty-nine Articles (1571).
The universally agreed-upon foundations of Anglican doctrine are the three major creeds of the early ecumenical councils (the Apostles', Nicene and Athanasian creeds), the principles enshrined in the "Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral" and the dispersed authority of the four instruments of Communion of the Anglican Communion.

Anglican Church of Canada

AnglicanAnglican ChurchChurch of England in Canada
Due to their historical link to England (Ecclesia Anglicana means "English Church"), some of the member churches are known as "Anglican", such as the Anglican Church of Canada. "The more liberal provinces that are open to changing Church doctrine on marriage in order to allow for same-sex unions include Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, Scotland, South India, South Africa, the US and Wales". In response, the American Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada answered that the actions had been undertaken after lengthy scriptural and theological reflection, legally in accordance with their own canons and constitutions and after extensive consultation with the provinces of the communion.
The Anglican Church of Canada (ACC or ACoC) is the province of the Anglican Communion in Canada.

Church of Ireland

AnglicanProtestantIrish Anglican
Others, for example the Church of Ireland, the Scottish and American Episcopal churches have official names which do not include "Anglican".
The Church of Ireland (Eaglais na hÉireann; Ulster-Scots: Kirk o Airlann) is a Christian church in Ireland and an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion.

Scottish Episcopal Church

EpiscopalianEpiscopalScottish Episcopal
Others, for example the Church of Ireland, the Scottish and American Episcopal churches have official names which do not include "Anglican". "The more liberal provinces that are open to changing Church doctrine on marriage in order to allow for same-sex unions include Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, Scotland, South India, South Africa, the US and Wales".
The seven dioceses of the Scottish Episcopal Church (Eaglais Easbaigeach na h-Alba; Scots Episcopal Kirk) make up the ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion in Scotland.

Book of Common Prayer

Prayer BookThe Book of Common Prayer1662 Book of Common Prayer
Early in its development, Anglicanism developed a vernacular prayer book, called the Book of Common Prayer.
Book of Common Prayer (BCP) is the short title of a number of related prayer books used in the Anglican Communion, as well as by other Christian churches historically related to Anglicanism.

Primus inter pares

first among equalsfirst in precedenceprima inter pares
The Archbishop of Canterbury (currently Justin Welby) in England acts as a focus of unity, recognised as primus inter pares ("first among equals"), but does not exercise authority in Anglican provinces outside of the Church of England.
Various modern figures such as the chair of the United States Federal Reserve System, the prime minister of parliamentary countries, the federal president of Switzerland, the chief justice of the United States, the chief justice of the Philippines, the archbishop of Canterbury of the Anglican Communion and the ecumenical patriarch of the Eastern Orthodox Church fall under both senses: bearing higher status and various additional powers while remaining still merely equal to their peers in important senses.

Full communion

communionintercommunionfull
Founded in 1867 in London, England, the communion currently has 85 million members within the Church of England and other national and regional churches in full communion.
The Anglican Communion distinguishes between full communion and intercommunion.

Apostolic succession

apostolicepiscopal lineagesuccessors
Three elements have been important in holding the communion together: first, the shared ecclesial structure of the component churches, manifested in an episcopal polity maintained through the apostolic succession of bishops and synodical government; second, the principle of belief expressed in worship, investing importance in approved prayer books and their rubrics; and third, the historical documents and the writings of early Anglican divines that have influenced the ethos of the communion.
Christians of the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Old Catholic, Anglican, Moravian, and Scandinavian Lutheran traditions maintain that "a bishop cannot have regular or valid orders unless he has been consecrated in this apostolic succession."

Episcopal Church (United States)

EpiscopalEpiscopal ChurchEpiscopalian
Others, for example the Church of Ireland, the Scottish and American Episcopal churches have official names which do not include "Anglican". "The more liberal provinces that are open to changing Church doctrine on marriage in order to allow for same-sex unions include Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, Scotland, South India, South Africa, the US and Wales". In response, the American Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada answered that the actions had been undertaken after lengthy scriptural and theological reflection, legally in accordance with their own canons and constitutions and after extensive consultation with the provinces of the communion.
The Episcopal Church (TEC) is a member church of the worldwide Anglican Communion and is based in the United States with additional dioceses elsewhere.

Anglican realignment

other bodies outside the United Statesconservative Episcopaliansrealignment movement
(See Anglican realignment)
The Anglican realignment is a movement among some Anglicans to align themselves under new or alternative oversight within or outside the Anglican Communion.

Rowan Williams

Dr Rowan WilliamsDr. Rowan WilliamsLord Williams of Oystermouth
In line with the suggestion of the Windsor Report, Rowan Williams (the then Archbishop of Canterbury) established a working group to examine the feasibility of an Anglican covenant which would articulate the conditions for communion in some fashion.
Rowan Douglas Williams, Baron Williams of Oystermouth, (born 14 June 1950), is a Welsh Anglican bishop, theologian and poet.

Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral

Lambeth Quadrilateral
One of the enduringly influential early resolutions of the conference was the so-called Chicago-Lambeth Quadrilateral of 1888.
In 1888, the third Lambeth Conference (an international consultation of bishops of the Anglican Communion) passed Resolution 11.

Windsor Report

Anglican CovenantA Covenant for the Church of EnglandLambeth Commission
In line with the suggestion of the Windsor Report, Rowan Williams (the then Archbishop of Canterbury) established a working group to examine the feasibility of an Anglican covenant which would articulate the conditions for communion in some fashion.
In 2003, the Lambeth Commission on Communion was appointed by the Anglican Communion to study problems stemming from the consecration of Gene Robinson, the first noncelibate self-identifying gay priest to be ordained as an Anglican bishop, in the Episcopal Church in the United States and the blessing of same-sex unions in the Anglican Diocese of New Westminster.

Anglican Consultative Council

Anglican Communion Office
The Anglican Consultative Council or ACC is one of the four "Instruments of Communion" of the Anglican Communion.

Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia

AnglicanAnglican Church of New ZealandAnglican Church
"The more liberal provinces that are open to changing Church doctrine on marriage in order to allow for same-sex unions include Brazil, Canada, New Zealand, Scotland, South India, South Africa, the US and Wales".
The Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia (Te Hahi Mihinare ki Aotearoa ki Niu Tireni, ki Nga Moutere o Te Moana Nui a Kiwa; formerly the Church of the Province of New Zealand) is an autonomous province of the Anglican Communion serving New Zealand, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, and the Cook Islands.

Four Marks of the Church

One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Churchone, holy, catholic and apostolic churchOne Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church
The churches of the Anglican Communion consider themselves to be part of the one, holy, catholic and apostolic church, and to be both catholic and reformed.
This ecumenical creed is today recited in the liturgy of the Catholic Church (both Latin and Eastern Rites), the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Church of the East, the Moravian Church, the Lutheran Churches, the Methodist Churches, the Presbyterian Churches, the Anglican Communion and by members of many Reformed Churches.

Canon law

canonecclesiastical lawcanons
In response, the American Episcopal Church and the Anglican Church of Canada answered that the actions had been undertaken after lengthy scriptural and theological reflection, legally in accordance with their own canons and constitutions and after extensive consultation with the provinces of the communion.
It is the internal ecclesiastical law, or operational policy, governing the Catholic Church (both the Latin Church and the Eastern Catholic Churches), the Eastern Orthodox and Oriental Orthodox churches, and the individual national churches within the Anglican Communion.

Anglican Communion Primates' Meetings

Primates' MeetingAnglican Communion Primates' Meetingmeeting of the Anglican primates
The Anglican Communion Primates' Meetings are regular meetings of the primates in the Anglican Communion, i.e. the principal archbishops or bishops of each (often national) ecclesiastical province of the Anglican Communion.

Anglican Church of Australia

AnglicanAnglican ChurchChurch of England
The Anglican Church of Australia does not have an official position on homosexuality.
The Anglican Church of Australia, formerly known as the Church of England in Australia, is a Christian church in Australia and an autonomous church of the Anglican Communion.