Angola

Republic of AngolaAngolanAOcountryPortuguese West AfricaAGOANGAngoleseAfrican countryAngolan theatre
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and ), is a west-coast country of south-central Africa.wikipedia
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Namibia

NamibianRepublic of NamibiaSouth West Africa
It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Its western border is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with Zambia and Angola to the north, Botswana to the east and South Africa to the south and east.

Central Africa

CentralMiddle AfricaMiddle
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and ), is a west-coast country of south-central Africa.
Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, the Central African Republic, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Rwanda, and São Tomé and Príncipe are members of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).

Southern Africa

SouthernSouthern AfricanSouth Africa
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and ), is a west-coast country of south-central Africa.
The term southern Africa or Southern Africa, generally includes Angola, Botswana, Eswatini (also known as Swaziland), Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, though Angola may be included in Central Africa and Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe in East Africa.

Luanda

Luanda, AngolaSão Paulo de LuandaLoanda
The capital and largest city of Angola is Luanda.
Luanda, formerly named São Paulo da Assunção de Loanda, is the capital and largest city in Angola, It is Angola's primary port, and its major industrial, cultural and urban centre.

Zambia

ZambianRepublic of ZambiaNorthern Rhodesia
It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west.

Kongo language

KikongoKongoKikongo language
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and ), is a west-coast country of south-central Africa.
Kongo or Kikongo is one of the Bantu languages spoken by the Kongo and Ndundu people living in the tropical forests of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo and Angola.

Kimbundu

(North) MbunduKimbundokmb
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and ), is a west-coast country of south-central Africa.
Kimbundu, or North Mbundu, one of two Bantu languages called Mbundu (see Umbundu), is the second-most-widely spoken Bantu language in Angola.

Mbunda people

Mbunda
The Portuguese colony that became Angola did not have its present borders until the early 20th century because of resistance by groups such as the Cuamato, the Kwanyama and the Mbunda.
The Vambunda (singular Kambunda, adjective and language Mbunda, Mbúùnda or Chimbúùnda) are a Bantu people who, during the Bantu migrations, came from the north to south-eastern Angola and finally Barotseland, now part of Zambia.

People's Republic of Angola

AngolaAngolan People's Republicindependence
After a protracted anti-colonial struggle, independence was achieved in 1975 as the Marxist–Leninist People's Republic of Angola, a one-party state supported by the Soviet Union and Cuba.
The People's Republic of Angola (República Popular de Angola) was the self-declared socialist state which governed Angola from its independence in 1975 until 1992, during the Angolan Civil War.

Portuguese language

PortuguesePortuguese-languageBrazilian Portuguese
Angolan culture reflects centuries of Portuguese rule, in the predominance of the Portuguese language and of the Catholic Church.
It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe.

Enclave and exclave

exclaveenclaveexclaves
Angola has an exclave province, the province of Cabinda that borders the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Community of Portuguese Language Countries

CPLPPortuguese-speaking countriesComunidade dos Países de Língua Portuguesa
Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, and the Southern African Development Community.
The history of the CPLP began when it was founded in 1996, in Lisbon, by Angola, Brazil, Cabo Verde, Guinea Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, and São Tomé e Príncipe, nearly two decades after the beginning of the decolonization of the Portuguese Empire.

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting CountriesOrganization of the Petroleum Exporting CountriesOrganization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Angola is a member state of the United Nations, OPEC, African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, and the Southern African Development Community.
Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, the Republic of the Congo, Saudi Arabia (the de facto leader), the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela.

Unitary state

Unitaryunitary republicunitary government
The sovereign state has since become a relatively stable unitary, presidential constitutional republic.

San people

SanBushmenBushman
Modern Angola was populated predominantly by nomadic Khoi and San prior to the first Bantu migrations.
The San or Saan peoples, also known as the "Bushmen" (also Sākhoen, Sonqua, and in Afrikaans: Boesmans, after Dutch Boschjesmens; and Saake in the Nǁng language), are members of various Khoesān-speaking indigenous hunter-gatherer groups that are the first nations of Southern Africa, and whose territories span Botswana, Namibia, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and South Africa.

Kingdom of Kongo

KongoCongoKongo Kingdom
Ndongo in the highlands, between the Kwanza and Lukala Rivers, was nominally a possession of the Kingdom of Kongo, but was seeking greater independence in the 16th century. New treaties with the Kongo were signed in 1649; others with Njinga's Kingdom of Matamba and Ndongo followed in 1656.
The Kingdom of Kongo (Kongo: Kongo dya Ntotila or Wene wa Kongo; Portuguese: Reino do Congo) was a kingdom located in west central Africa in present-day northern Angola, the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of the Congo as well as the southernmost part of Gabon.

Cuanza River

Kwanza RiverCuanzaKwanza
Ndongo in the highlands, between the Kwanza and Lukala Rivers, was nominally a possession of the Kingdom of Kongo, but was seeking greater independence in the 16th century.
The Cuanza River, also known as the Coanza, the Quanza, and the Kwanza, is one of the longest rivers in Angola.

Lucala River

LucalaLukala River
Ndongo in the highlands, between the Kwanza and Lukala Rivers, was nominally a possession of the Kingdom of Kongo, but was seeking greater independence in the 16th century.
The Lucala River is a river in Angola, a right tributary of Angola's largest river, the Cuanza River.

Benguela

Benguellacity of Benguelahistory
Benguela was fortified in 1587 and became a township in 1617.
Benguela (, São Felipe de Benguela, formerly spelled Benguella) is the capital city of Benguela Province and a municipality in western Angola south of Luanda, located on a bay of the same name, on 12° 33’ S., 13° 25’ E. Benguela is one of Angola's most populous cities with a population of 555,124 in the city and 561,775 in the municipality, at the 2014 Census.

Kingdom of Ndongo

Ndongoking of NdongoKingdom of Ndongo-Matamba
The toponym was derived by the Portuguese from the title ngola held by the kings of Ndongo. New treaties with the Kongo were signed in 1649; others with Njinga's Kingdom of Matamba and Ndongo followed in 1656.
The Kingdom of Ndongo, formerly known as Dongo or Angola, was an early-modern African state located in what is now Angola.

Dutch Loango-Angola

1640s in Angolacaptured LuandaDutch
During the Portuguese Restoration War, the Dutch West India Company occupied the principal settlement of Luanda in 1641, using alliances with local peoples to carry out attacks against Portuguese holdings elsewhere.
Loango-Angola is the name for the possessions of the Dutch West India Company in contemporary Angola and the Republic of the Congo.

Africa

African continentAfricanAfrican politics
It is the seventh-largest country in Africa, bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
The 1970s saw an escalation of Cold War intrigues, as newly independent Angola and Mozambique aligned themselves with the Soviet Union, and the West and South Africa sought to contain Soviet influence by supporting friendly regimes or insurgency movements.

Nzinga of Ndongo and Matamba

NzingaNjingaQueen Nzinga
New treaties with the Kongo were signed in 1649; others with Njinga's Kingdom of Matamba and Ndongo followed in 1656.
Queen Nzinga (1583-1663) was a 17th-century queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people in what is known as Angola today.

Kingdom of Matamba

MatambaNdongo-Matamba
New treaties with the Kongo were signed in 1649; others with Njinga's Kingdom of Matamba and Ndongo followed in 1656.
The Kingdom of Matamba (1631–1744) was a pre-colonial African state located in what is now the Baixa de Cassange region of Malanje Province of modern-day Angola.

Bantu expansion

Bantu migrationBantu migrationsBantu
Modern Angola was populated predominantly by nomadic Khoi and San prior to the first Bantu migrations.
Linguistic analysis suggests that the expansion proceeded in two directions: the first went across the Congo forest region (towards East Africa), and the second – and possibly others – went south along the African coast into Gabon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Angola, or inland along the many south-to-north flowing rivers of the Congo River system.