Animal husbandry

husbandrybreedingcattle breedingstockbreedinganimal agriculturestock breedingcattle-breedinglivestock breedinganimal productionbred
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.wikipedia
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Agriculture

farmingagriculturalAgriculturist
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.
Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage.

Meat

meatsmeat consumptionlean meat
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

Livestock

farm animalsfarm animalstock
It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.
The breeding, maintenance, and slaughter of livestock, known as animal husbandry, is a component of modern agriculture that has been practiced in many cultures since humanity's transition to farming from hunter-gatherer lifestyles.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianAncient Egyptian
By the time of early civilisations such as ancient Egypt, cattle, sheep, goats and pigs were being raised on farms.
By about 5500 BC, small tribes living in the Nile valley had developed into a series of cultures demonstrating firm control of agriculture and animal husbandry, and identifiable by their pottery and personal items, such as combs, bracelets, and beads.

Intensive animal farming

factory farmingfactory farmsfactory farm
Subsistence farming is being superseded by intensive animal farming in the more developed parts of the world, where for example beef cattle are kept in high density feedlots, and thousands of chickens may be raised in broiler houses or batteries.
Intensive animal farming or industrial livestock production, also known by its opponents as factory farming, is a type of intensive agriculture, specifically an approach to animal husbandry designed to maximize production, while minimizing costs.

Agribusiness

agri-businessagrobusinessagricultural business
Farmers and ranchers who raise livestock are considered to practice animal husbandry; in modern times, large agricultural companies relying on mass production and advanced technology have largely superseded individual farmers as the chief food-animal producers in developed countries.
It includes agrichemicals, breeding, crop production (farming and contract farming), distribution, farm machinery, processing, and seed supply, as well as marketing and retail sales.

Domestication

domesticateddomesticdomesticate
Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated, from around 13,000 BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops.
In both of these cases, humans became entangled with these species as the relationship between them, and the human role in their survival and reproduction, intensified, leading eventually to a formalised animal husbandry.

Farmer

farmersagriculturalistsplanter
Farmers and ranchers who raise livestock are considered to practice animal husbandry; in modern times, large agricultural companies relying on mass production and advanced technology have largely superseded individual farmers as the chief food-animal producers in developed countries.
Animal husbandry, the practice of rearing animals specifically for farming purposes, has existed for thousands of years.

Wildfire

forest fireforest fireswildfires
As the ecological impact of this land management strategy is similar to the impact of such natural disturbances as a wildfire, this agricultural system shares many beneficial characteristics with a natural habitat, including the promotion of biodiversity.
In Africa, Central America, Fiji, Mexico, New Zealand, South America, and Southeast Asia, wildfires can be attributed to human activities such as agriculture, animal husbandry, and land-conversion burning.

Selective breeding

artificial selectionselectively bredbreeding
It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.
Darwin noted that many domesticated animals and plants had special properties that were developed by intentional animal and plant breeding from individuals that showed desirable characteristics, and discouraging the breeding of individuals with less desirable characteristics.

Husband

The verb to husband, meaning "to manage carefully," derives from an older meaning of husband, which in the 14th century referred to the ownership and care of a household or farm, but today means the "control or judicious use of resources," and in agriculture, the cultivation of plants or animals.
Also compare the similar husbandry, which in the 14th century referred to the care of the household, but today means the "control or judicious use of resources", conservation, and in agriculture, the cultivation of plants and animals, and the science about its profession.

Foot-and-mouth disease

foot and mouth diseasefoot and mouthfoot-and-mouth
Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease affect all cloven-hoofed animals.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has very severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals comparatively easily through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, feed, and by domestic and wild predators.

Artificial insemination

intrauterine inseminationartificially inseminatedIUI
Artificial insemination is widely available to allow farmers to select for the particular traits that suit their circumstances.
Artificial insemination may employ assisted reproductive technology, sperm donation and animal husbandry techniques.

Veterinarian

veterinariansDoctor of Veterinary Medicinevet
When, despite these precautions, animals still become sick, they are treated with veterinary medicines, by the farmer and the veterinarian.

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
As the ecological impact of this land management strategy is similar to the impact of such natural disturbances as a wildfire, this agricultural system shares many beneficial characteristics with a natural habitat, including the promotion of biodiversity.
In agriculture and animal husbandry, the Green Revolution popularized the use of conventional hybridization to increase yield.

Ranch

rancherranchingcattle ranch
Farmers and ranchers who raise livestock are considered to practice animal husbandry; in modern times, large agricultural companies relying on mass production and advanced technology have largely superseded individual farmers as the chief food-animal producers in developed countries.

Animal science

Animal SciencesAnimalanimal geneticist
Historically, the degree was called animal husbandry and the animals studied were livestock species, like cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry, and horses.

Pteropus

flying foxflying foxesgiant bat
An outbreak of Nipah virus in Malaysia in 1999 was traced back to pigs becoming ill after contact with fruit-eating flying foxes, their faeces and urine.
Though the program has been successful in increasing the population, caretakers of the captive population have had to deal with husbandry issues such as obesity and cardiomyopathy.

Guinea pig

guinea pigsCavia porcelluscuy
A wide range of other species such as horse, water buffalo, llama, rabbit and guinea pig are used as livestock in some parts of the world.
Many efforts have also been made to promote guinea pig husbandry in developing countries of West Africa, where they occur more widely than generally known because they are usually not covered by livestock statistics.

Shang dynasty

ShangZiYin Dynasty
Sericulture, the rearing of silkworms, was first adopted by the Chinese during the Shang dynasty.
Their civilization was based on agriculture and augmented by hunting and animal husbandry.

Zootechnics

zootechnicianZootechnySchool of Animal Production Engineering
Zootechnics is the art of managing domestic or captive animals, including handling, breeding, and keeping.

Animal fiber

animalfiberAnimal fibres
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

Milk

cow's milkcow milkwhole milk
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

Egg

eggsfish egghatching
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.

Neolithic Revolution

agricultural revolutioninvention of agricultureNeolithic Agricultural Revolution
Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated, from around 13,000 BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops.