Animal husbandry

husbandrybreedingcattle breedingstockbreedinganimal agriculturelivestock breedingstock breedingcattle-breedingbredanimal production
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.wikipedia
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Agriculture

farmingagriculturalagriculturist
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.
Selective breeding and modern practices in animal husbandry have similarly increased the output of meat, but have raised concerns about animal welfare and environmental damage through contributions to global warming, depletion of aquifers, deforestation, antibiotic resistance, and growth hormones in industrially produced meat.

Meat

meatsmeat consumptionprocessed meat
Animal husbandry is the branch of agriculture concerned with animals that are raised for meat, fibre, milk, eggs, or other products.
The domestication of animals, of which we have evidence dating back to the end of the last glacial period (c. 10,000 BCE), allowed the systematic production of meat and the breeding of animals with a view to improving meat production.

Livestock

farm animalstockfarm animals
It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.
The breeding, maintenance, and slaughter of these animals, known as animal husbandry, is a component of modern agriculture that has been practiced in many cultures since humanity's transition to farming from hunter-gatherer lifestyles.

Intensive animal farming

factory farmingfactory farmsfactory farm
Subsistence farming is being superseded by intensive animal farming in the more developed parts of the world, where for example beef cattle are kept in high density feedlots, and thousands of chickens may be raised in broiler houses or batteries.
Intensive farming refers to animal husbandry, the keeping of livestock such as cattle, poultry, and fish at higher stocking densities than is usually the case with other forms of animal agriculture—a practice typical in industrial farming by agribusinesses.

Ancient Egypt

EgyptEgyptianEgyptians
By the time of early civilisations such as ancient Egypt, cattle, sheep, goats and pigs were being raised on farms.
By about 5500 BC, small tribes living in the Nile valley had developed into a series of cultures demonstrating firm control of agriculture and animal husbandry, and identifiable by their pottery and personal items, such as combs, bracelets, and beads.

Wildfire

forest fireforest fireswildfires
As the ecological impact of this land management strategy is similar to the impact of such natural disturbances as a wildfire, this agricultural system shares many beneficial characteristics with a natural habitat, including the promotion of biodiversity.
In Africa, Central America, Fiji, Mexico, New Zealand, South America, and Southeast Asia, wildfires can be attributed to human activities such as agriculture, animal husbandry, and land-conversion burning.

Domestication

domesticateddomesticdomesticate
Husbandry has a long history, starting with the Neolithic revolution when animals were first domesticated, from around 13,000 BC onwards, antedating farming of the first crops.
In both of these cases, humans became entangled with these species as the relationship between them, and the human role in their survival and reproduction, intensified, leading eventually to a formalised animal husbandry.

Foot-and-mouth disease

foot and mouth diseasefoot and mouthhoof-and-mouth disease
Some, like classical swine fever and scrapie are specific to one type of stock, while others, like foot-and-mouth disease affect all cloven-hoofed animals.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has very severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals comparatively easily through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, feed and by domestic and wild predators.

Artificial insemination

intrauterine inseminationartificially inseminatedIUI
Techniques such as artificial insemination and embryo transfer are frequently used today, not only as methods to guarantee that females breed regularly but also to help improve herd genetics.
Artificial insemination may employ assisted reproductive technology, sperm donation and animal husbandry techniques.

Selective breeding

artificial selectionselectively bredbreeding
It includes day-to-day care, selective breeding and the raising of livestock.
Darwin noted that many domesticated animals and plants had special properties that were developed by intentional animal and plant breeding from individuals that showed desirable characteristics, and discouraging the breeding of individuals with less desirable characteristics.

Veterinary physician

veterinarianveterinariansvet
When, despite these precautions, animals still become sick, they are treated with veterinary medicines, by the farmer and the veterinarian.
Equine medicine – Some veterinarians are specialists in equine medicine. Horses are different in anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and husbandry to other domestic species. Specialization in equine veterinary practice is something that is normally developed after qualification, even if students do have some interest before graduation.

Agribusiness

agri-businessagrobusinessagricultural business
Agribusiness
It includes agrichemicals, breeding, crop production (farming and contract farming), distribution, farm machinery, processing, and seed supply, as well as marketing and retail sales.

Animal science

animal sciencesAnimalanimal geneticist
Animal science
Historically, the degree was called animal husbandry and the animals studied were livestock species, like cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry, and horses.

Genetic diversity

variationgenetically diversegenetic variation
On the other, it decreases genetic diversity, increasing the severity of certain disease outbreaks among other risks.
The genetic diversity of livestock species permits animal husbandry in a range of environments and with a range of different objectives.

Shang dynasty

ShangZiShang, China
Sericulture, the rearing of silkworms, was first adopted by the Chinese during the Shang dynasty.
Their civilization was based on agriculture and augmented by hunting and animal husbandry.

Biodiversity

diversitybiological diversitybiodiverse
As the ecological impact of this land management strategy is similar to the impact of such natural disturbances as a wildfire, this agricultural system shares many beneficial characteristics with a natural habitat, including the promotion of biodiversity.
In agriculture and animal husbandry, the Green Revolution popularized the use of conventional hybridization to increase yield.

Pteropus

flying foxflying foxesgiant bat
An outbreak of Nipah virus in Malaysia in 1999 was traced back to pigs becoming ill after contact with fruit-eating flying foxes, their faeces and urine.
Though the program has been successful in increasing the population, caretakers of the captive population have had to deal with husbandry issues such as obesity and cardiomyopathy.

Ranch

rancherranchingcattle ranch
Ranching in the Western United States involves large herds of cattle grazing widely over public and private lands.
Animal husbandry

Guinea pig

guinea pigsguinea-pigcuy
A wide range of other species such as horse, water buffalo, llama, rabbit and guinea pig are used as livestock in some parts of the world.
Many efforts have also been made to promote guinea pig husbandry in developing countries of West Africa, where they occur more widely than generally known because they are usually not covered by livestock statistics.

Stud farm

studat studstuds
A stud farm or stud in animal husbandry is an establishment for selective breeding of livestock.

Breed registry

stud bookstudbookherd-book
A breed registry, also known as a herdbook, studbook or register, in animal husbandry and the hobby of animal fancy, is an official list of animals within a specific breed whose parents are known.

Animal show

showingshowanimal shows
A judged event may rank specimens for the benefit of those involved in animal breeding or husbandry, or provide entertainment to animal fancy hobbyists.

Pigeon keeping

pigeon fancierpigeon fancierspigeon coop
Pigeon keeping or pigeon fancying is the art and science of breeding domestic pigeons.

Urban agriculture

urban farmcity farmurban farming
Urban agriculture can also involve animal husbandry, aquaculture, agroforestry, urban beekeeping, and horticulture.