Animation

animatedanimated film3D animationanimated featureanimated filmsanimationsanimatoranimation filmanimated cartoonanimated movies
Animation is a method in which pictures are manipulated to appear as moving images.wikipedia
5,406 Related Articles

Film

motion picturemoviecinema
In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film.
A film is created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.

Zoetrope

3D zoetropemoving picture advertisingthree-dimensional zoetrope
Analog mechanical animation media that rely on the rapid display of sequential images include the phénakisticope, zoetrope, flip book, praxinoscope and film.
A zoetrope is one of several pre-film animation devices that produce the illusion of motion by displaying a sequence of drawings or photographs showing progressive phases of that motion.

Phenakistiscope

phenakistoscopephénakisticopeearly moving picture
Analog mechanical animation media that rely on the rapid display of sequential images include the phénakisticope, zoetrope, flip book, praxinoscope and film.
The phénakisticope (better known as phenakistiscope or the later misspelling phenakistoscope) was the first widespread animation device that created a fluid illusion of motion.

Clay animation

claymationclay-animatedclay animated
Other common animation methods apply a stop motion technique to two and three-dimensional objects like paper cutouts, puppets or clay figures.
Traditional animation, from cel animation to stop motion, is produced by recording each frame, or still picture, on film or digital media and then playing the recorded frames back in rapid succession before the viewer.

Praxinoscope

praxinoscopes
Analog mechanical animation media that rely on the rapid display of sequential images include the phénakisticope, zoetrope, flip book, praxinoscope and film.
The praxinoscope was an animation device, the successor to the zoetrope.

Motion graphics

motion graphicbroadcast designvideos
Apart from short films, feature films, animated gifs and other media dedicated to the display of moving images, animation is also heavily used for video games, motion graphics and special effects.
Motion graphics are pieces of digital footage or animation which create the illusion of motion or rotation, and are usually combined with audio for use in multimedia projects.

GIF

animated GIF.gifgifs
For display on the computer, techniques like animated GIF and Flash animation were developed.
It also supports animations and allows a separate palette of up to 256 colors for each frame.

Animator

animatorsanimatedanimated film director
Animators are artists who specialize in creating animation.
An animator is an artist who creates multiple images, known as frames, which give an illusion of movement called animation when displayed in rapid sequence.

Rotoscoping

rotoscoperotoscopedrotoscoped animation
By 1902, they were producing many chromolithography film loops, usually by tracing live-action film footage (much like the later rotoscoping technique).
Rotoscoping is an animation technique that animators use to trace over motion picture footage, frame by frame, to produce realistic action.

3D computer graphics

3D3D graphicsthree-dimensional
Computer animation can be very detailed 3D animation, while 2D computer animation can be used for stylistic reasons, low bandwidth or faster real-time renderings.
One of the first displays of computer animation was Futureworld (1976), which included an animation of a human face and a hand that had originally appeared in the 1972 experimental short A Computer Animated Hand, created by University of Utah students Edwin Catmull and Fred Parke.

Gertie the Dinosaur

Gertie
His Gertie the Dinosaur (1914) was an also an early example of character development in drawn animation.
Gertie the Dinosaur is a 1914 animated short film by American cartoonist and animator Winsor McCay.

Little Nemo (1911 film)

Little Nemo
Winsor McCay's Little Nemo (1911) showcased very detailed drawings.
Little Nemo, also known as Winsor McCay: The Famous Cartoonist of the N.Y. Herald and His Moving Comics, is a 1911 silent animated short film by American cartoonist Winsor McCay.

Morphing

morphmorphedmorphs
The film largely consists of a stick figure moving about and encountering all kinds of morphing objects, including a wine bottle that transforms into a flower.
Morphing is a special effect in motion pictures and animations that changes (or morphs) one image or shape into another through a seamless transition.

Traditional animation

cel animationtraditionally animatedTraditional
In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film.
Traditional animation (or classical animation, cel animation or hand-drawn animation) is an animation technique in which each frame is drawn by hand on a physical medium.

Ladislas Starevich

Władysław StarewiczKaliostroLadislas Starewitch
Inspired by Émile Cohl's stop-motion film Les allumettes animées [Animated Matches] (1908), Ladislas Starevich started making his influential puppet animations in 1910.
Ladislas Starevich (Владисла́в Алекса́ндрович Старе́вич, Władysław Starewicz; August 8, 1882 – February 26, 1965) was a Polish-Russian stop-motion animator notable as the author of the first puppet-animated film The Beautiful Lukanida (1912).

Animated cartoon

animatedanimated shortcartoons
During the 1910s, the production of animated short films typically referred to as "cartoons", became an industry of its own and cartoon shorts were produced for showing in movie theaters.
An animated cartoon is a film for the cinema, television or computer screen, which is made using sequential drawings, as opposed to animation in general, which include films made using clay, puppets, 3D modeling and other means.

Fantasmagorie (1908 film)

Fantasmagorie
In 1908, Émile Cohl's Fantasmagorie was released with a white-on-black chalkline look created with negative prints from black ink drawings on white paper.
Fantasmagorie is a 1908 French animated film by Émile Cohl.

Beta movement

apparent motion
The illusion—as in motion pictures in general—is thought to rely on the phi phenomenon and beta movement, but the exact causes are still uncertain.
The illusion of motion caused by animation is thought to rely on beta movement and the phi phenomenon, but the exact causes are still unclear.

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film)

Snow White and the Seven DwarfsSnow WhiteSnow White and the Seven Dwarves
But, the first feature film that was done with this technique, apart from the movie The Vanities Fair (1935), by Rouben Mamoulian, was "Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs", also by Walt Disney.
Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.

Technicolor

three-strip Technicolortwo-color Technicolortechnicolour
In 1932, the first short animated film created entirely with Technicolor (using red/green/blue photographic filters and three strips of film) was Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, directed by Burt Gillett.
Technicolor became known and celebrated for its highly saturated color, and was initially most commonly used for filming musicals such as The Wizard of Oz (1939) and Down Argentine Way (1940), costume pictures such as The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938) and Gone with the Wind (1939), and animated films such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Gulliver's Travels (1939), and Fantasia (1940).

Burt Gillett

Bert GillettBurt Gillett's Toodle Tales
In 1932, the first short animated film created entirely with Technicolor (using red/green/blue photographic filters and three strips of film) was Walt Disney's Flowers and Trees, directed by Burt Gillett.
Burton F. Gillett (October 15, 1891 - December 28, 1971) was a director of animated films.

Tom Terrific

Terrytoons released Tom Terrific that same year.
Tom Terrific was an early animated series on American television, presented as part of the Captain Kangaroo children's television show.

Pinocchio (1940 film)

PinocchioPinnochio1940 Walt Disney animated film
Examples of traditionally animated feature films include Pinocchio (United States, 1940), Animal Farm (United Kingdom, 1954), Lucky and Zorba (Italy, 1998), and The Illusionist (British-French, 2010).
Pinocchio is a 1940 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and based on the Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.

Animal Farm (1954 film)

Animal Farm1954 film1954 animated adaptation
Examples of traditionally animated feature films include Pinocchio (United States, 1940), Animal Farm (United Kingdom, 1954), Lucky and Zorba (Italy, 1998), and The Illusionist (British-French, 2010).
Animal Farm is a 1954 British-American animated comedy-drama film produced by Halas and Batchelor, based on the book Animal Farm by George Orwell.

The Lion King

Lion KingThe Lion King 3D1994 animated film of the same name
Traditionally animated films produced with the aid of computer technology include The Lion King (US, 1994), The Prince of Egypt (US, 1998), Akira (Japan, 1988), Spirited Away (Japan, 2001), The Triplets of Belleville (France, 2003), and The Secret of Kells (Irish-French-Belgian, 2009).
The Lion King is a 1994 American animated musical film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.