A report on Animation

Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.
A projecting praxinoscope, from 1882, here shown superimposing an animated figure on a separately projected background scene
Fantasmagorie (1908) by Émile Cohl
Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani showing the cut and articulated figure of his satirical character El Peludo (based on President Yrigoyen) patented in 1916 for the realization of his films, including the world's first animated feature film El Apóstol.
An example of traditional animation, a horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos.
A clay animation scene from a Finnish television commercial
A 2D animation of two circles joined by a chain
World of Color hydrotechnics at Disney California Adventure creates the illusion of motion using 1,200 fountains with high-definition projections on mist screens.

Method in which figures are manipulated to appear as moving images.

- Animation
Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.

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Painting with acrylic paint on the reverse side of an already inked cel, here placed on the original animation drawing

Traditional animation

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Painting with acrylic paint on the reverse side of an already inked cel, here placed on the original animation drawing
Sketch of an animation peg bar, and measurements of three types, Acme being the most common.
A camera used for shooting traditional animation. See also Aerial image.
This image shows how two transparent cels, each with a different character drawn on them, and an opaque background are photographed together to form the composite image.
A horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos. The animation consists of 8 drawings which are "looped", i.e. repeated over and over. This example is also "shot on twos", i.e. shown at 12 drawings per second.

Traditional animation (or classical animation, cel animation, hand-drawn animation, or 2D animation) is an animation technique in which each frame is drawn by hand.

A clay model of a chicken, designed to be used in a clay stop motion animation

Stop motion

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A clay model of a chicken, designed to be used in a clay stop motion animation
Julienne Mathieu in a stop motion/pixilation scene from Hôtel électrique (1908)
Stills from Battle of the Suds and other Helena Smith-Dayton films (1917)
Pat & Mat, two inventive but clumsy neighbors, was introduced in 1976, while the first made-for-TV episode Tapety (translated Wallpaper) was produced in 1979 for ČST Bratislava.

Stop motion is an animated filmmaking technique in which objects are physically manipulated in small increments between individually photographed frames so that they will appear to exhibit independent motion or change when the series of frames is played back.

An example of computer animation which is produced from the "motion capture" technique

Computer animation

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Process used for digitally generating animated images.

Process used for digitally generating animated images.

An example of computer animation which is produced from the "motion capture" technique
3D game character animated using skeletal animation.
In this .gif of a 2D Flash animation, each 'stick' of the figure is keyframed over time to create motion.
A ray-traced 3-D model of a jack inside a cube, and the jack alone below.

The more general term computer-generated imagery (CGI) encompasses both static scenes and dynamic images, while computer animation only refers to moving images.

The Walt Disney Company

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American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California.

American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios complex in Burbank, California.

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The original animation building at Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California, which they fully moved into in 1940
Walt (right) dressed as a gaucho next to Donald Duck on the companies' goodwill trip to South America in Argentina
Walt (center) showing the plans of Disneyland to officials from Orange County in December 1954
Walt Disney at the grand opening of Disneyland on July 17, 1955
The Sherman Brothers, who composed many of the Disney songs throughout the 1960s, in 2002
Walt, then Florida Governor Hayden Burns, and Roy announcing the plans for Disney World
A view of downtown Celebration, Florida, a community that was planned by the Walt Disney Company.
The Disney Magic of the Disney Cruise Line at Cabo San Lucas, Mexico.
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Team Disney Burbank, which houses the offices of Disney's CEO and several other senior corporate officials
The entrance to the Fox Studios lot.
Parade route in Tokyo Disneyland during COVID-19 pandemic in Japan.
20th Century Studios, a subsidiary of Disney
Michael Eisner replaced Ron Miller as CEO and made Disney into a major film studio again.
Searchlight Pictures, a subsidiary of Disney
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Disney's video streaming subscription service Disney+ was launched in 2019, which has a total of over 135 million subscriptions as of June 2022.
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Early on, the company established itself as a leader in the American animation industry, with the creation of the widely popular character Mickey Mouse, the company's mascot, and the start of animated films.

Animated GIF of Prof. Stampfer's Stroboscopische Scheibe No. X (Trentsensky & Vieweg 1833)

Film

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Work of visual art that simulates experiences and otherwise communicates ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through the use of moving images.

Work of visual art that simulates experiences and otherwise communicates ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through the use of moving images.

Animated GIF of Prof. Stampfer's Stroboscopische Scheibe No. X (Trentsensky & Vieweg 1833)
An animated GIF of a photographic sequence shot by Eadweard Muybridge in 1878. His chronophotographic works can be regarded as very short movies that were recorded before there was a proper way to replay the material in motion.
A frame from Roundhay Garden Scene, the world's earliest surviving film produced using a motion picture camera, by Louis Le Prince, 1888
A famous shot from Georges Méliès Le Voyage dans la Lune (A Trip to the Moon) (1902), an early narrative film and also an early science fiction film.
Salah Zulfikar, one of the most popular actors in the golden age of Egyptian Cinema
This 16 mm spring-wound Bolex "H16" Reflex camera is a popular entry level camera used in film schools.
Founded in 1912, the Babelsberg Studio near Berlin was the first large-scale film studio in the world, and the forerunner to Hollywood. It still produces global blockbusters every year.
The Lumière Brothers, who were among the first filmmakers
Salah Zulfikar and Faten Hamama in the premiere of Bain Al-Atlal ("Among the Ruins") in Cairo, 1959
An animated image of a horse, made using eight pictures.
An animation of the retouched Sallie Garner card from The Horse in Motion series (1878–1879) by Muybridge. His chronophotographic works can be regarded as very short movies that were recorded before there was a proper way to replay the material in motion.

The moving images of a film are created by photographing actual scenes with a motion-picture camera, by photographing drawings or miniature models using traditional animation techniques, by means of CGI and computer animation, or by a combination of some or all of these techniques, and other visual effects.

Mickey Mouse

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Concept art of Mickey from early 1928, from the collection of The Walt Disney Family Museum. The sketches are the earliest known drawings of the character.
Mickey's first appearance in Steamboat Willie (1928)
Mickey in The Band Concert (1935)
Mickey in Fantasia (1940)
Mickey Mouse, as he appears in the Paul Rudish years, and the modern era.
Mickey and Horace Horsecollar from the Mickey Mouse daily strip; created by Floyd Gottfredson and published December 1932
The silhouette of Mickey Mouse's head has become an iconic image.
Walt Disney (1901–1966), the co-creator of Mickey Mouse and founder of The Walt Disney Company, was the original voice of Mickey.
Mickey's star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

Mickey Mouse is an animated cartoon character co-created in 1928 by Walt Disney, who originally voiced the character, and Ub Iwerks.

Theatrical release poster by Steven Chorney

Who Framed Roger Rabbit

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1988 American live-action/animated comedy mystery film directed by Robert Zemeckis, produced by Frank Marshall and Robert Watts, and loosely adapted by Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman from Gary K. Wolf's 1981 novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit?.

1988 American live-action/animated comedy mystery film directed by Robert Zemeckis, produced by Frank Marshall and Robert Watts, and loosely adapted by Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman from Gary K. Wolf's 1981 novel Who Censored Roger Rabbit?.

Theatrical release poster by Steven Chorney
Bob Hoskins played the role of Eddie Valiant.
The plot incorporated the actual closing of Pacific Electric.
Judge Doom (played by Christopher Lloyd) threatens Roger Rabbit before introducing him to the dip. Mime artists, puppeteers, mannequins, and robotic arms were commonly used during filming to help the actors interact with "open air and imaginative cartoon characters".
Who Framed Roger Rabbit marks the first and only time in animation history that Disney's Mickey Mouse and Warner Bros.' Bugs Bunny (as well as Donald Duck and Daffy Duck) have ever officially appeared on-screen together. Warners agreed that their biggest cartoon stars, Bugs and Daffy, would each receive an equal amount of screen time as Disney's Mickey and Donald.

In a world co-populated by humans and cartoon characters, "toons" regularly interact with real people, act in animated shorts and films, and reside in an area at Los Angeles known as Toontown.

Warner Bros. Cartoons

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Leon Schlesinger Productions studio, (also nicknamed Termite Terrace) part of the Old Warner Brothers Studio, 1351 North Van Ness Avenue, Los Angeles, CA
Former Leon Schlesinger-Warner Bros. Cartoons studio, 2003

Warner Bros. Cartoons, Inc. was the in-house animation division of Warner Bros. during the Golden Age of American animation.

Looney Tunes opening title used in the 1947–1948 season

Looney Tunes

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Looney Tunes opening title used in the 1947–1948 season

Looney Tunes is an American animated comedy short film series produced by Warner Bros. from 1930 to 1969, concurrently with the related Merrie Melodies, during the golden age of American animation.

Bugs Bunny

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Bugs' preliminary debut (as "Happy Rabbit") in Porky's Hare Hunt (1938).
Bugs' first appearance in A Wild Hare (1940).
Evolution of Bugs' design over the years.
Bugs as he appears in The Looney Tunes Show Season 2.
Mel Blanc was the original voice of Bugs and voiced the character for nearly five decades.
Bugs' star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Statue evoking Bugs Bunny at Butterfly Park Bangladesh.

Bugs Bunny is an animated cartoon character created in the late 1930s by Leon Schlesinger Productions (later Warner Bros. Cartoons) and voiced originally by Mel Blanc.