Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.
Painting with acrylic paint on the reverse side of an already inked cel, here placed on the original animation drawing
Gertie driven to tears by her master
A projecting praxinoscope, from 1882, here shown superimposing an animated figure on a separately projected background scene
Sketch of an animation peg bar, and measurements of three types, Acme being the most common.
Winsor McCay was a pioneer in comic strips and animation (1906 photo).
Fantasmagorie (1908) by Émile Cohl
A camera used for shooting traditional animation. See also Aerial image.
McCay used registration marks in the corners of the drawings to reduce jittering.
Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani showing the cut and articulated figure of his satirical character El Peludo (based on President Yrigoyen) patented in 1916 for the realization of his films, including the world's first animated feature film El Apóstol.
This image shows how two transparent cels, each with a different character drawn on them, and an opaque background are photographed together to form the composite image.
Preparing the thousands of drawings for the film, from the film's introduction
An example of traditional animation, a horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos.
A horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos. The animation consists of 8 drawings which are "looped", i.e. repeated over and over. This example is also "shot on twos", i.e. shown at 12 drawings per second.
Advertisements educated audiences about dinosaurs.
A clay animation scene from a Finnish television commercial
McCay sketches Gertie for his colleagues in a live-action sequence made for the film's theatrical release, at the American Museum of Natural History.
A 2D animation of two circles joined by a chain
The Sinking of the Lusitania (1918) required 25,000 drawings to be made over two years, and was McCay's first film to use acetate cels.
World of Color hydrotechnics at Disney California Adventure creates the illusion of motion using 1,200 fountains with high-definition projections on mist screens.
A Gertie-like dinosaur appeared in In the Land of Wonderful Dreams on [[:File:Winsor McCay - Little Nemo - In the Land of Wonderful Dreams - 1913-09-21 - Flip in the Land of the Antediluvians.jpeg|September 21, 1913]].
Gertie's ice cream stand at Disney's Hollywood Studios

Traditional animation (or classical animation, cel animation, hand-drawn animation, or 2D animation) is an animation technique in which each frame is drawn by hand.

- Traditional animation

Gertie the Dinosaur is a 1914 animated short film by American cartoonist and animator Winsor McCay.

- Gertie the Dinosaur

In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand on transparent celluloid sheets to be photographed and exhibited on film.

- Animation

Gertie was the first film to use animation techniques such as keyframes, registration marks, tracing paper, the Mutoscope action viewer, and animation loops.

- Gertie the Dinosaur

Other great artistic and very influential short films were created by Ladislas Starevich with his puppet animations since 1910 and by Winsor McCay with detailed drawn animation in films such as Little Nemo (1911) and Gertie the Dinosaur (1914).

- Animation

In very early cartoons made before the use of the cel, such as Gertie the Dinosaur (1914), the entire frame, including the background and all characters and items, were drawn on a single sheet of paper, then photographed.

- Traditional animation
Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.

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