A report on Stop motionAnimation and Special effect

A clay model of a chicken, designed to be used in a clay stop motion animation
Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.
A special effect of a miniature person from the 1952 film The Seven Deadly Sins
Julienne Mathieu in a stop motion/pixilation scene from Hôtel électrique (1908)
A projecting praxinoscope, from 1882, here shown superimposing an animated figure on a separately projected background scene
Publicity still for the 1933 film King Kong, which used stop-motion model special effects
Stills from Battle of the Suds and other Helena Smith-Dayton films (1917)
Fantasmagorie (1908) by Émile Cohl
A period drama set in Vienna uses a green screen as a backdrop, to allow a background to be added during post-production.
Pat & Mat, two inventive but clumsy neighbors, was introduced in 1976, while the first made-for-TV episode Tapety (translated Wallpaper) was produced in 1979 for ČST Bratislava.
Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani showing the cut and articulated figure of his satirical character El Peludo (based on President Yrigoyen) patented in 1916 for the realization of his films, including the world's first animated feature film El Apóstol.
Bluescreens are commonly used in chroma key special effects.
An example of traditional animation, a horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos.
Spinning fiery steel wool at night
A clay animation scene from a Finnish television commercial
Rig & Gimbal Mechanical Special Effects
A 2D animation of two circles joined by a chain
Demonstration of bullet hit squibs embedded in a waterproof down jacket as the dead-character costume bursting out fake blood and smoke.
World of Color hydrotechnics at Disney California Adventure creates the illusion of motion using 1,200 fountains with high-definition projections on mist screens.

Stop motion is an animated filmmaking technique in which objects are physically manipulated in small increments between individually photographed frames so that they will appear to exhibit independent motion or change when the series of frames is played back.

- Stop motion

Other common animation methods apply a stop motion technique to two- and three-dimensional objects like paper cutouts, puppets, or clay figures.

- Animation

His most famous film, Le Voyage dans la lune (1902), a whimsical parody of Jules Verne's From the Earth to the Moon, featured a combination of live action and animation, and also incorporated extensive miniature and matte painting work.

- Special effect

J. Stuart Blackton's The Haunted Hotel (23 February 1907) featured a combination of live-action with practical special effects and stop motion animation of several objects, a puppet and a model of the haunted hotel.

- Stop motion

Stop motion

- Special effect

Go motion : A variant of model animation that uses various techniques to create motion blur between frames of film, which is not present in traditional stop motion. The technique was invented by Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett to create special effect scenes for the film The Empire Strikes Back (1980). Another example is the dragon named "Vermithrax" from the 1981 film Dragonslayer.

- Animation
A clay model of a chicken, designed to be used in a clay stop motion animation

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Theatrical release poster

King Kong (1933 film)

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1933 American pre-Code adventure fantasy horror monster film directed and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack.

1933 American pre-Code adventure fantasy horror monster film directed and produced by Merian C. Cooper and Ernest B. Schoedsack.

Theatrical release poster
Fay Wray – Studio Publicity Photo
Armstrong featured in the trailer for The Ex-Mrs. Bradford (1936)
Charles R. Knight's Tyrannosaurus in the American Museum of Natural History, on which the large theropod of the film was based
The stop-motion animated King Kong atop the Empire State Building and battling a Curtiss F8C Helldiver airplane
A gorilla at Jersey Zoo displaying prominent belly and buttocks. Kong modelers would streamline the armature's torso to minimize the comical and awkward aspects of the gorilla's physique.
An articulated skeleton of the Brontosaurus used in the film.
Promotional image featuring Kong battling the Tyrannosaurus.
Colored publicity shot combining live actors with stop motion animation.
King Kong views Ann on the limb of a tree
Grauman's Chinese Theatre, where King Kong held its world premiere

It features stop-motion animation by Willis O'Brien and a music score by Max Steiner.

At the turn of the 20th century, the Lumière Brothers sent film documentarians to places westerners had never seen, and Georges Méliès utilized trick photography in film fantasies that prefigured that in King Kong.

Once the film was under way, Cooper turned his attention to the studio's big-budget-out-of-control fantasy, Creation, a project with stop motion animator Willis O'Brien about a group of travelers shipwrecked on an island of dinosaurs.

Harryhausen at the Jules Verne Festival in October 2006

Ray Harryhausen

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Harryhausen at the Jules Verne Festival in October 2006
The Ymir from 20 Million Miles to Earth (1957)
The Cyclops and Dragon battle sequence from The 7th Voyage of Sinbad (1958)
The Hydra battle sequence in Jason and the Argonauts (1963)
Models for the Allosaur in One Million Years B.C. (1966) and Talos from Jason and the Argonauts (1963) at the National Media Museum

Raymond Frederick Harryhausen (June 29, 1920 – May 7, 2013) was an American-British animator and special effects creator who created a form of stop motion model animation known as "Dynamation".

In the 2001 Disney/Pixar animated film Monsters, Inc. pays homage to Harryhausen in a scene where James P. "Sulley" Sullivan, Mike Wazowski, Boo, Celia Mae and other monsters visit a Japanese and sushi restaurant named Harryhausen's in Monstropolis.