A report on Animation

Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.
A projecting praxinoscope, from 1882, here shown superimposing an animated figure on a separately projected background scene
Fantasmagorie (1908) by Émile Cohl
Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani showing the cut and articulated figure of his satirical character El Peludo (based on President Yrigoyen) patented in 1916 for the realization of his films, including the world's first animated feature film El Apóstol.
An example of traditional animation, a horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos.
A clay animation scene from a Finnish television commercial
A 2D animation of two circles joined by a chain
World of Color hydrotechnics at Disney California Adventure creates the illusion of motion using 1,200 fountains with high-definition projections on mist screens.

Method in which figures are manipulated to appear as moving images.

- Animation
Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.

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Theatrical release poster

Pinocchio (1940 film)

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Theatrical release poster
Dickie Jones (right, as an adult) voices Pinocchio in the film.
Commentator Nicholas Sammond considers Pinocchio to be a metaphor for American child rearing in the mid-20th century.
Pinocchio title card
Geppetto, primarily animated by Art Babbit, and Pinocchio at Magic Kingdom
Pinocchio's village, Disneyland, inspired by Gustaf Tenggren paintings

Pinocchio is a 1940 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and based on the 1883 Italian children's novel The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi.

Hanna-Barbera

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The former Hanna-Barbera building at 3400 Cahuenga Boulevard West in Hollywood, seen in a 2007 photograph: The small yellow structure (lower right) was originally the "guard shack" for the property entrance to the east of the building.
Sherman Oaks Galleria in 2002. The building where Hanna-Barbera and Warner Bros. Animation were located from 1998 to 2001 is visible on the right.
Logo used on Warner Bros.-branded HB material since 2001

Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc. was an American animation studio and production company that produced animated and live-action programming until 2001.

Daffy Duck

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Daffy as he first appeared in Porky's Duck Hunt (1937).
Daffy in drag as Carmen Miranda in Yankee Doodle Daffy (1943).
600 Bomb Squadron emblem Daffy Duck.
Daffy's appearance in The Looney Tunes Show (Season 1).

Daffy Duck is an animated cartoon character created by Warner Bros. Styled as an anthropomorphic black duck, he has appeared in cartoon series such as Looney Tunes and Merrie Melodies, in which he is usually depicted as a foil for Bugs Bunny.

Donald Duck

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Cartoon character created by The Walt Disney Company.

Cartoon character created by The Walt Disney Company.

Donald Duck is known for his fiery temper
Donald Duck as he first appeared in The Wise Little Hen (1934)
Donald worked in a Nazi factory in Der Fuehrer's Face (1943)
Donald in Mickey Mouse Clubhouse.
Carl Barks (1901–2000)
Donald as the Duck Avenger (Paperinik).
Donald's house boat at Mickey's Toontown, Disneyland
Donald's footprints at the Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood. The prints were made during the celebration of Donald's 50th birthday.
Donald Duck's Star on Hollywood Walk of Fame.

Donald Duck appeared in comedic roles in animated cartoons.

Scottish Canadian animator Norman McLaren drawing on film, 1944

Animator

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Scottish Canadian animator Norman McLaren drawing on film, 1944
Stop-motion animated character from 20 Million Miles to Earth (1957).

An animator is an artist who creates multiple images, known as frames, which give an illusion of movement called animation when displayed in rapid sequence.

A title card of one of the earliest Betty Boop cartoons

Betty Boop

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A title card of one of the earliest Betty Boop cartoons
"The cartoon of Betty Boop illustrates some human features which are sometimes labeled as neotenous, such as a large head, short arms and legs relative to total height, and clumsy, child-like movements." —Barry Bogin
The transformation from pre-Code to post-Code
Bud Counihan's Betty Boop (October 23, 1934)
A display of Betty Boop collectibles
A close-up of Kane

Betty Boop is an animated cartoon character created by Max Fleischer, with help from animators including Grim Natwick.

Title card used 1946–1954

Tom and Jerry

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Title card used 1946–1954
Frame from the short The Truce Hurts. The characters in this shot have turned into black stereotypes after a passing car splashed mud on their faces. Scenes such as this are frequently highly edited or cut from modern broadcasts of Tom and Jerry.
Mammy Two Shoes in a scene from the Tom and Jerry short Saturday Evening Puss, in which her full face was shown for the first time.

Tom and Jerry is an American animated media franchise and series of comedy short films created in 1940 by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera.

A frame from Namakura Gatana (1917), the oldest surviving Japanese animated short film made for cinemas

Anime

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A frame from Namakura Gatana (1917), the oldest surviving Japanese animated short film made for cinemas
Frame from the opening sequence of Tezuka's 1963 TV series Astro Boy
Anime artists employ many distinct visual styles. Clockwise from the top left: Dead Leaves, FLAG, Serial Experiments Lain, M⊙NS†ER, Mind Game, Lucky☆Star, Cat Soup, and Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann.
Same character portrayed in different anime styles.
Akihabara district of Tokyo is popular with anime and manga fans as well as otaku subculture in Japan
Cosplay of Madoka Kaname and Kyubey from Puella Magi Madoka Magica during Tracon 2013 event at the Tampere Hall in Tampere, Finland.
Anime character design is diverse, but often incorporates common elements depending on the target demographic and era. These are representative samples. Clockwise from the top left: Ashita no Joe (1970), Macross: Do You Remember Love? (1984), Ghost in the Shell (1995), K-On! (2009), Your Name (2016), The Hidden Dungeon Only I Can Enter (2021), Fruits Basket (2001), and Rurouni Kenshin (1996).

Anime (アニメ) is a Japanese term for animation.

Geraldine Chaplin and Salah Zulfikar in Nefertiti and Akhenaten, a short film released in 1973.

Short film

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Any motion picture that is short enough in running time not to be considered a feature film.

Any motion picture that is short enough in running time not to be considered a feature film.

Geraldine Chaplin and Salah Zulfikar in Nefertiti and Akhenaten, a short film released in 1973.
William Garwood starred in numerous short films, many of which were 20 minutes in length
Paulie, a short film released in 2012.

Animated cartoons came principally as short subjects.

Goofy

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Cartoon character created by The Walt Disney Company.

Cartoon character created by The Walt Disney Company.

Goofy's house at Disneyland
Goofy, anonymous in his debut cartoon, Mickey's Revue (1932)
Disney drawing Goofy for a group of girls in Argentina, 1941.
Goofy in his "George Geef" persona in Cold War (1951).
Goofy (right) with his son Max (left) in A Goofy Movie (1995)
Goofy, as he appears in the Kingdom Hearts series. His attire was designed by Tetsuya Nomura.
<center>602nd Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 6 March 1944)<ref name=Maurer602BS>Maurer, Combat Squadrons , pp. 680-681</ref></center>
<center>756th Bombardment Squadron emblem</center>

Goofy debuted in animated cartoons, starting in 1932 with Mickey's Revue as Dippy Dawg, who is older than Goofy would come to be.