A report on Animation

Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.
A projecting praxinoscope, from 1882, here shown superimposing an animated figure on a separately projected background scene
Fantasmagorie (1908) by Émile Cohl
Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani showing the cut and articulated figure of his satirical character El Peludo (based on President Yrigoyen) patented in 1916 for the realization of his films, including the world's first animated feature film El Apóstol.
An example of traditional animation, a horse animated by rotoscoping from Eadweard Muybridge's 19th-century photos.
A clay animation scene from a Finnish television commercial
A 2D animation of two circles joined by a chain
World of Color hydrotechnics at Disney California Adventure creates the illusion of motion using 1,200 fountains with high-definition projections on mist screens.

Method in which figures are manipulated to appear as moving images.

- Animation
Nr. 10 in the reworked second series of Stampfer's stroboscopic discs published by Trentsensky & Vieweg in 1833.

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Theatrical release poster by John Alvin

Aladdin (1992 Disney film)

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Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
Style guide depicting the main characters. The animators designed each character based on a different geometrical shape.
Initially, Robin Williams voiced the Genie under the condition that his voice not be used for excessive marketing or merchandising.

Aladdin is a 1992 American animated musical fantasy comedy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

Theatrical release poster

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film)

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Theatrical release poster
Walt Disney introduces each of the Seven Dwarfs in a scene from the original 1937 Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs theatrical trailer.
The famous "Heigh-Ho" sequence from Snow White was animated by Shamus Culhane.
At Disneyland, Snow White and the Evil Queen take a photo with a visitor in 2012.

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and released by RKO Radio Pictures.

Fleischer in 1919

Max Fleischer

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American animator, inventor, film director and producer, and studio founder and owner.

American animator, inventor, film director and producer, and studio founder and owner.

Fleischer in 1919
The rotoscope, one of Fleischer's inventions
Bimbo and Betty Boop in Minnie the Moocher (1932)

Born in Kraków, Fleischer immigrated to the United States where he became a pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon and served as the head of Fleischer Studios, which he co-founded with his younger brother Dave.

Characters in the animated series From Ilich to Kuzmich

Clay animation

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One of many forms of stop-motion animation.

One of many forms of stop-motion animation.

Characters in the animated series From Ilich to Kuzmich
A clay animation scene from a Finnish TV advertisement
stills from Battle of the Suds and other Helena Smith-Dayton films (1917)

Traditional animation, from cel animation to stop motion, is produced by recording each frame, or still picture, on film or digital media and then playing the recorded frames back in rapid succession before the viewer.

Theatrical release poster by John Alvin

Beauty and the Beast (1991 film)

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Theatrical release poster by John Alvin
Upon seeing the initial storyboard reels in 1989, Walt Disney Studios chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg ordered that the film be scrapped and started over from scratch.
A frame from the "Beauty and the Beast" ballroom dance sequence. The background was animated using computer generated imagery which, when the traditionally animated characters are composited against it using Pixar's CAPS system, gives the illusion of a dollying film camera.

Beauty and the Beast is a 1991 American animated musical romantic fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

A GIF-based example of limited animation in the Japanese style: the mouth, eyes, arms and shadow are moving in a looping manner.

Limited animation

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A GIF-based example of limited animation in the Japanese style: the mouth, eyes, arms and shadow are moving in a looping manner.

Limited animation is a process in the overall technique of traditional animation of creating animations that does not redraw entire frames but variably reuses common parts between frames.

The Man with the Rubber Head

Visual effects

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Process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live-action shot in filmmaking and video production.

Process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside the context of a live-action shot in filmmaking and video production.

The Man with the Rubber Head
A period drama set in Vienna uses a green screen as a backdrop, to allow a background to be added during post-production.
Motion Capture: A high-resolution uniquely identified active marker system with 3,600 × 3,600 resolution at 960 hertz providing real time submillimeter positions
Composite of photos of one place, made more than a century apart

Visual effects using computer-generated imagery (CGI) have more recently become accessible to the independent filmmaker with the introduction of affordable and relatively easy-to-use animation and compositing software.

Original theatrical release poster by John Alvin

The Little Mermaid (1989 film)

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Original theatrical release poster by John Alvin
Georges de La Tour's 1640 painting Magdalene with the Smoking Flame is shown in the film.
Ariel meet-and-greet character at Disneyland Paris

The Little Mermaid is a 1989 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

The duo as seen in To Beep or Not to Beep (1963)

Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner

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The duo as seen in To Beep or Not to Beep (1963)
Zoom and Bored, 1957
There They Go-Go-Go!
A mural of Wile E. Coyote smashed into the wall of the Rotch Library at MIT. Due to differences in floor height in connected buildings, this hallway unexpectedly ends in a wall.
Wile E Coyote dinner chart of the Road Runner. Zip Zip Hooray!.

Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner are a duo of cartoon characters from the Looney Tunes series of animated cartoons, first appearing in 1949 in the theatrical cartoon short Fast and Furry-ous.

Theatrical release poster

Fantasia (1940 film)

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Theatrical release poster
Title screen in the original theatrical trailer
Leopold Stokowski conducted the film's score.
Deems Taylor was the film's Master of Ceremonies, who introduced each segment in live-action interstitial scenes.
Disney acting out a scene in The Sorcerer's Apprentice for Taylor and Stokowski.
The film's score was recorded at the Philadelphia Academy of Music.
The film's first roadshow opened at the Broadway Theatre in New York City on November 13, 1940.
1969 psychedelic-style re-release poster.
The film opened at the Carthay Circle Theatre on January 30, 1941.
The Sorcerer's Hat in Disney's Hollywood Studios.

Fantasia is a 1940 American animated musical anthology film produced and released by Walt Disney Productions, with story direction by Joe Grant and Dick Huemer and production supervision by Walt Disney and Ben Sharpsteen.