Anna Karenina

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Anna Karenina is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy, first published in book form in 1878.wikipedia
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Leo Tolstoy

TolstoyLev TolstoyTolstoi
Anna Karenina is a novel by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy, first published in book form in 1878.
Born to an aristocratic Russian family in 1828, he is best known for the novels War and Peace (1869) and Anna Karenina (1877), often cited as pinnacles of realist fiction.

Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky

Larissa Volokhonsky
Anna Karenina, Translated by Richard Pevear and Larissa Volokhonsky (Allen Lane/Penguin, London, 2000)
Their translations have been nominated three times and twice won the PEN/Book-of-the-Month Club Translation Prize (for Tolstoy's Anna Karenina and Dostoevsky's The Brothers Karamazov). Their translation of Dostoevsky's The Idiot also won the first Efim Etkind Translation Prize.

The Russian Messenger

Russkiy VestnikRusskii Vestnik
It was initially released in serial installments from 1873 to 1877 in the periodical The Russian Messenger.
Anna Karenina (1873–1877)

Sophia Tolstaya

Sofya TolstoySophiaS. A. Tolstaya
Moreover, according to W. Gareth Jones, Levin proposed to Kitty in the same way as Tolstoy to Sophia Behrs.
In Anna Karenina, 34-year-old Konstantin Levin, a semi-autobiographical character behaves similarly, asking his 19-year-old fiancée Kitty to read his diaries and learn of his past transgressions.

Rosemary Edmonds

Translator Rosemary Edmonds wrote that Tolstoy does not explicitly moralise in the book, but instead allows his themes to emerge naturally from the "vast panorama of Russian life."
Her translation of Anna Karenina, entitled Anna Karenin, appeared in 1954.

Anna Karenina (1935 film)

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1935: Anna Karenina (1935 film), starring Greta Garbo and Fredric March; directed by Clarence Brown
Anna Karenina is a 1935 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer film adaptation of the novel Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy and directed by Clarence Brown.

Anna Karenina (1948 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1948 film)1948
1948: Anna Karenina (1948 film) starring Vivien Leigh and Ralph Richardson; directed by Julien Duvivier
Anna Karenina is a 1948 British film based on the 19th-century novel of the same title by the Russian author Leo Tolstoy.

The woman question

querelle des femmeswoman questionwoman problem
The events in the novel take place against the backdrop of rapid transformations as a result of the liberal reforms initiated by Emperor Alexander II of Russia, principal among these the Emancipation reform of 1861, followed by judicial reform, including a jury system; military reforms, the introduction of elected local governments (Zemstvo), the fast development of railroads, banks, industry, telegraph, the rise of new business elites and the decline of the old landed aristocracy, a freer press, the awakening of public opinion, the Pan-Slavism movement, the woman question, volunteering to aid Serbia in its military conflict with the Ottoman Empire in 1876 etc. These contemporary developments are hotly debated by the characters in the novel.
Conflict between women's prescribed roles, their own values, and their perceptions of self are prominent in such works as Die Walküre, Effi Briest, Madame Bovary, Middlemarch, Anna Karenina, A Doll's House, and Hedda Gabler.

Zheleznodorozhny, Moscow Oblast

ZheleznodorozhnyKuchinoZheleznodorozhniy
The suburban railway station of Obiralovka, where one of the characters commits suicide, is now known as the town of Zheleznodorozhny, Moscow Oblast.
Founded in 1861 to service the railway station of Obiralovka, the settlement became famous as the location where the main character of Leo Tolstoy's 1878 novel Anna Karenina committed suicide.

Rosamund Bartlett

Anna Karenina, Translated by Rosamund Bartlett (Oxford University Press)
Rosamund Bartlett is the author of Tolstoy: A Russian Life (2010) and has translated Leo Tolstoy's Anna Karenina (2014).

Anna Karenina (1967 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1967 film)
1967: Anna Karenina (1967 film), a Russian version directed by Alexander Zarkhi
Anna Karenina is a 1967 Soviet drama film directed by Aleksandr Zarkhi, based on the novel of the same name by Leo Tolstoy.

Love (1927 American film)

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1927: Love (1927 film), an American version, starring Greta Garbo and directed by Edmund Goulding. This version featured significant changes from the novel and had two different endings, with a happy one for American audiences
Taking full advantage of the star power, a drama was scripted based on Leo Tolstoy's timeless novel, Anna Karenina.

Anna Karenina (1953 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1953 film)
1953: Anna Karenina (1953 film), a Russian version directed by Tatyana Lukashevich
It is based on Leo Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina.

Anna Karenina (2000 miniseries)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (2000 miniseries)
2000: Anna Karenina (2000 miniseries), a British version by David Blair and starring Helen McCrory and Kevin McKidd
Anna Karenina is a four-part British television adaptation of Tolstoy's novel.

Joel Carmichael

Anna Karenina, Translated by Joel Carmichael (Bantam Books, New York, 1960)
From there, he wrote numerous titles on early Christianity, Arab history and Russian history, and translated Anna Karenina for a new paperback edition.

Anna Karenina (1918 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1918 film)
1918: Anna Karenina (1918 film), a Hungarian adaptation starring Irén Varsányi as Anna Karenina
It is an adaptation of the novel Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy.

Anna Karenina (2012 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (2012 film)2012 adaptation
2012: Anna Karenina (2012 film), a British version by Joe Wright from a screenplay by Tom Stoppard, starring Keira Knightley and Jude Law
Adapted by Tom Stoppard from Leo Tolstoy's 1877 novel of the same name, and remake of the 1985 film of the same name. The film depicts the tragedy of Russian aristocrat and socialite Anna Karenina, wife of senior statesman Alexei Karenin, and her affair with the affluent officer Count Vronsky which leads to her ultimate demise.

Anna Karenina (1911 film)

Anna Karenina'' (1911 film)Anna Karenine'' (1911 film)
1911: Anna Karenine (1911 film), a Russian adaptation directed by Maurice André Maître.
The film is based on the novel Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy.

Anna Karenina (1985 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1985 film)1985 film of the same name.
1985: Anna Karenina (1985 film), a TV Movie starring Jacqueline Bisset and Christopher Reeve, directed by Simon Langton
Anna Karenina is a 1985 American made-for-television romantic drama film based on the famous Leo Tolstoy novel Anna Karenina starring Jacqueline Bisset and Christopher Reeve and directed by Simon Langton.

Margaret Wettlin

Anna Karénina, Translated by Margaret Wettlin (Progress Publishers, 1978)
Anna Karenina by Leo Tolstoy

Anna Karenina (1997 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1997 film)1997
1997: Anna Karenina (1997 film), the first American version filmed entirely in Russia, directed by Bernard Rose and starring Sophie Marceau and Sean Bean
Based on the 1877 homonymous novel by Leo Tolstoy, the film is about a young and beautiful married woman who meets a handsome count, with whom she falls in love.

Anna Karenina (1915 film)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1915 film)
1915: Anna Karenina (1915 film), an American version starring Danish actress Betty Nansen
Anna Karenina is a married aristocrat and socialite living in Saint Petersburg.

Anna Karenina (1977 TV serial)

Anna KareninaAnna Karenina'' (1977 TV serial)
1977: Anna Karenina, a 1977 ten-episode BBC series, directed by Basil Coleman and starred Nicola Pagett, Eric Porter and Stuart Wilson.
Anna Karenina is a 1977 BBC television adaptation of Tolstoy's novel of the same name.

Helen Edmundson

Edmundson, Helen
1992: Helen Edmundson adapted Anna Karenina for a production by Shared Experience which toured around the UK and internationally; Edmundson won a UK Theatre Award.
In 1992, her adaptation of Anna Karenina, produced by Shared Experience, won a Time Out Award and a TMA Award; the production toured nationally and internationally.

Constance Garnett

Constance BlackConstance Clara Black
Anna Karenin, Translated by Constance Garnett. (1901) Still widely reprinted. Revised by Leonard J. Kent and Nina Berberova (New York: Random House, 1965). Revised version reprinted by Modern Library.
Anna Karenin (1901)