Anne Boleyn

Queen Anne BoleynAnneQueen AnneBoleynAnne BullenBoleyn, AnneAnna BolenaAnna BullenAnne (Boleyn)Anne Boleyn, Queen of England and The Marquess of Pembroke
Anne Boleyn ( c. undefined 1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII. Henry's marriage to her, and her subsequent execution by beheading, made her a key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation.wikipedia
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Catherine of Aragon

Queen CatherineCatherineKatherine of Aragon
Anne returned to England in early 1522, to marry her Irish cousin James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond; the marriage plans were broken off, and instead she secured a post at court as maid of honour to Henry VIII's wife, Catherine of Aragon.
By 1525, Henry VIII was infatuated with Anne Boleyn and dissatisfied that his marriage to Catherine had produced no surviving sons, leaving their daughter, the future Mary I of England, as heir presumptive at a time when there was no established precedent for a woman on the throne.

Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland

Earl of NorthumberlandHenry Percy6th Earl of Northumberland, Henry Percy
Early in 1523 Anne was secretly betrothed to Henry Percy, son of the 5th Earl of Northumberland, but the betrothal was broken off when Percy's father refused to support their engagement.
He is now primarily remembered as the betrothed of Anne Boleyn, whom he was forced to give up before she became involved with King Henry VIII.

Mary Boleyn

MaryLady Mary Boleynsister
She resisted his attempts to seduce her, refusing to become his mistress, which her sister Mary had been.
Mary Boleyn, also known as Lady Mary (c. 1499/1500 – 19 July 1543), was the sister of English queen Anne Boleyn, whose family enjoyed considerable influence during the reign of King Henry VIII.

English Reformation

Reformationbreak with RomePre-Reformation
Henry's marriage to her, and her subsequent execution by beheading, made her a key figure in the political and religious upheaval that was the start of the English Reformation.
(Successive English and British monarchs have retained this title to the present, even after the Anglican Church broke away from Roman Catholicism, in part because the title was re-conferred by Parliament in 1544, after the split.) Wolsey's enemies at court included those who had been influenced by Lutheran ideas, among whom was the attractive, charismatic Anne Boleyn.

Jane Seymour

Queen Jane SeymourQueen JaneJane
Anne subsequently had three miscarriages, and by March 1536, Henry was courting Jane Seymour. According to Eric Ives, she was certainly of more noble birth than Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr, Henry VIII's three other English wives.
She succeeded Anne Boleyn as queen consort following the latter's execution in May 1536.

Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk

Duke of NorfolkThomas HowardEarl of Surrey
On 2 May she was arrested and sent to the Tower of London, where she was tried before a jury of peers – which included Henry Percy, her former betrothed, and her own uncle, Thomas Howard – and found guilty on 15 May.
He was an uncle of two of the wives of King Henry VIII of England, namely Anne Boleyn and Catherine Howard, both of whom were beheaded, and played a major role in the machinations affecting these royal marriages.

Cultural depictions of Anne Boleyn

artistic and cultural worksAnne Boleyn
Over the centuries, she has inspired, or been mentioned, in many artistic and cultural works and thereby retained her hold on the popular imagination.
Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII of England, has inspired or been mentioned in numerous artistic and cultural works.

Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire

Thomas BoleynSir Thomas BoleynEarl of Wiltshire
Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, and was educated in the Netherlands and France, largely as a maid of honour to Queen Claude of France. Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, later Earl of Wiltshire and Earl of Ormond, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.
He was the father of Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII, and through her, the maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth I of England.

Hever Castle

HeverKent and Sharpshooters Yeomanry
Cardinal Wolsey refused the match in January 1524 and Anne was sent back home to Hever Castle.
Anne Boleyn, the second queen consort of King Henry VIII of England, spent her early youth there after her father, Thomas Boleyn, inherited it in 1505.

Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire

Elizabeth HowardLady Elizabeth HowardElizabeth
Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, and was educated in the Netherlands and France, largely as a maid of honour to Queen Claude of France. Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, later Earl of Wiltshire and Earl of Ormond, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.
Elizabeth Boleyn, Countess of Wiltshire (née Lady Elizabeth Howard; c. 1480 – 3 April 1538) was an English noblewoman, noted for being the mother of Anne Boleyn and as such the maternal grandmother of Elizabeth I of England.

Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk

Earl of SurreyThomas HowardThomas Howard, Earl of Surrey
Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, later Earl of Wiltshire and Earl of Ormond, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.
The Duke was the grandfather of both Queen Anne Boleyn and Queen Catherine Howard and the great grandfather of Queen Elizabeth I.

Maid of honour

maids of honourhovfrökenmaid-of-honour
Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, and was educated in the Netherlands and France, largely as a maid of honour to Queen Claude of France.
Traditionally, a queen regnant had eight maids of honour, while a queen consort had four; Queen Anne Boleyn, however, had over 60.

James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond

JamesJames Butler9th Earl
Anne returned to England in early 1522, to marry her Irish cousin James Butler, 9th Earl of Ormond; the marriage plans were broken off, and instead she secured a post at court as maid of honour to Henry VIII's wife, Catherine of Aragon.
In early 1522, it was proposed by King Henry VIII that he marry his cousin Anne Boleyn, who was the great-granddaughter of Thomas Butler, 7th Earl of Ormond.

George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford

George BoleynGeorgeLord Rochford
Their brother George was born around 1504.
George Boleyn, 2nd Viscount Rochford (c. 1503 /c. April 1504 – 17 May 1536) was an English courtier and nobleman, and the brother of queen consort Anne Boleyn.

Henry VIII of England

Henry VIIIKing Henry VIIIKing Henry VIII of England
undefined 1501 – 19 May 1536) was Queen of England from 1533 to 1536 as the second wife of King Henry VIII.
In 1525, as Henry grew more impatient with Catherine's inability to produce the male heir he desired, he became enamoured of Mary Boleyn's sister, Anne, then a charismatic young woman of 25 in the Queen's entourage.

Royal mistress

mistressKing's mistressesmistresses
She resisted his attempts to seduce her, refusing to become his mistress, which her sister Mary had been.
Anne Boleyn, mistress and later wife to Henry VIII

Church of England

AnglicanChurchC of E
As a result of this marriage and these excommunications, the first break between the Church of England and Rome took place and the Church of England was brought under the King's control.
A theological separation had been foreshadowed by various movements within the English Church, such as Lollardy, but the English Reformation gained political support when Henry VIII wanted an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon so he could marry Anne Boleyn.

Blickling Hall

BlicklingBlickling Hall, Gardens and ParkBlickling Park
However, the siblings were born in Norfolk at the Boleyn home at Blickling.
Although the exact birth dates of their children are unknown, historians including Eric Ives are confident that all three surviving children were likely born at Blickling – Mary in about 1500, Anne in about 1501, and George in about 1504.

Earl of Ormond (Ireland)

Earl of OrmondEarl of Ormond (1328)Earls of Ormond
Anne was the daughter of Thomas Boleyn, later Earl of Wiltshire and Earl of Ormond, and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Howard, daughter of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk.
This facilitated the next creation by awarding the titles of Ormond and Wiltshire to Thomas Boleyn, who was the father of Anne Boleyn.

Thomas Cranmer

CranmerArchbishop CranmerArchbishop
On 23 May 1533, newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer declared Henry and Catherine's marriage null and void; five days later, he declared Henry and Anne's marriage valid.
The appointment had been secured by the family of Anne Boleyn, who was being courted by Henry.

Thomas Wolsey

Cardinal WolseyWolseyCardinal Thomas Wolsey
Cardinal Wolsey refused the match in January 1524 and Anne was sent back home to Hever Castle.
Henry's motivation has been attributed to his determination to have a son and heir, and to his desire for Anne Boleyn, one of his wife's maids-of-honour.

Catherine Howard

Katherine HowardQueen Catherine HowardQueen Katherine Howard
According to Eric Ives, she was certainly of more noble birth than Jane Seymour, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr, Henry VIII's three other English wives.
She was beheaded three months later, on the grounds of treason for committing adultery while married to Henry, similarly to Anne Boleyn.

Boleyn family

BoleynBoleynsHouse of Boleyn
At the time of Anne's birth, the Boleyn family was considered one of the most respected in the English aristocracy.
They reached the peak of their influence during the Tudor period, when Anne Boleyn became the second wife of Henry VIII and their daughter became Elizabeth I.

Incest

incestuousincestuous relationshipinbreeding
Modern historians view the charges against her, which included adultery, incest and plotting to kill the king, as unconvincing.
For example, the accusation that Anne Boleyn and her brother George Boleyn had committed incest was one of the reasons that both siblings were executed in May 1536.

Thomas More

Sir Thomas MoreMoreSaint Thomas More
An Italian, writing in 1600, suggested that she had been born in 1499, while Sir Thomas More's son-in-law, William Roper, indicated a much later date of 1512.
In 1533, More refused to attend the coronation of Anne Boleyn as the Queen of England.