Annie Jump Cannon

Annie J. CannonCannonCannon, Annie Jump
Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification.wikipedia
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Stellar classification

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Annie Jump Cannon (December 11, 1863 – April 13, 1941) was an American astronomer whose cataloging work was instrumental in the development of contemporary stellar classification.
The Harvard system is a one-dimensional classification scheme by astronomer Annie Jump Cannon, who re-ordered and simplified a prior alphabetical system.

Sarah Frances Whiting

Cannon studied under Sarah Frances Whiting, one of the few women physicists in the United States at the time, and went on to become the valedictorian at Wellesley College.
Sarah Frances Whiting (August 23, 1847 – September 12, 1927), American physicist and astronomer, was the instructor to several astronomers, including Annie Jump Cannon.

Harvard Computers

computerHarvard computerHarvard Computers or "Pickering's Harem
In 1896, Cannon became a member of "Pickering’s Women", a group of women hired by Harvard Observatory director Edward C. Pickering to complete the Henry Draper Catalogue, with the goal of mapping and defining every star in the sky to a photographic magnitude of about 9.
Among these women were Williamina Fleming, Annie Jump Cannon, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, Florence Cushman and Antonia Maury.

Annie Jump Cannon Award in Astronomy

Annie J. Cannon AwardAnnie Jump Cannon AwardAnnie J. Cannon Prize
The American Astronomical Society presents the Annie Jump Cannon Award annually to female astronomers for distinguished work in astronomy.
The award is named in honor of American astronomer Annie Jump Cannon, and is the only award in astronomy restricted to women only.

1120 Cannonia

The asteroid 1120 Cannonia is named after her.
Discovered by Pelageya Shajn at Simeiz in 1928, it was named after American astronomer Annie Jump Cannon.

Williamina Fleming

FlemingMina FlemingW.Fleming
This left the problem to the ideas of Henry Draper's niece Antonia Maury (who insisted on a complex classification system) and Williamina Fleming (who was overseeing the project for Pickering, and wanted a much more simple, straightforward approach).
(Stars showing hydrogen as the most abundant element were classified A; those of hydrogen as the second-most abundant element, B; and so on.) Later, Annie Jump Cannon developed an improved classification system based upon the surface temperature of stars.

Harvard College Observatory

Harvard ObservatoryHarvardCambridge
This relationship gave Cannon access to the Harvard College Observatory.
Harvard College Observatory is historically important to astronomy, as many women including Annie Jump Cannon, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin, and Williamina Fleming performed pivotal stellar classification research.

Henrietta Swan Leavitt

Henrietta LeavittH.LeavittLeavitt, Henrietta Swan
One of the other women in the observatory who made significant contributions, Henrietta Swan Leavitt, shared with Cannon the experience of also being deaf.
One of the women that Leavitt worked with in the Harvard Observatory was Annie Jump Cannon, who shared the experience of being deaf.

Wellesley College

WellesleyBlueWomen's Review of Books
Cannon's mother was the first person to teach her the constellations and she encouraged her to follow her own interests, suggesting that she pursue studies in mathematics, chemistry, and biology at Wellesley College.
They include architect Ann Beha, class of 1972; author Harriet Stratemeyer Adams (pen name Carolyn Keene) class of 1914; astronomer Annie Jump Cannon, class of 1884; astronaut Pamela Melroy class of 1983; screenwriter Nora Ephron, class of 1962; composers Elizabeth Bell and Natalie Sleeth; and professor and songwriter Katharine Lee Bates.

List of women in the Heritage Floor

Heritage Floorthe Heritage Floorwas mistakenly included
She is among the list of women in the Heritage Floor as part of Judy Chicago's art installation The Dinner Party.

National Women's Hall of Fame

Women's Hall of FameWomen’s Hall of Fame
1994, Cannon is inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame
Annie Jump Cannon

Sisters of the Sun

"Sisters of the Sun", eighth episode of Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, 2014 American science documentary television series
The episode pays homage to the discoveries of two female astronomers, Cecilia Payne (voiced by Kirsten Dunst) and Annie Jump Cannon (voiced by Marlee Matlin), and the obstacles faced by women scientists, especially those working in the early 20th century.

Henry Draper Catalogue

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In 1896, Cannon became a member of "Pickering’s Women", a group of women hired by Harvard Observatory director Edward C. Pickering to complete the Henry Draper Catalogue, with the goal of mapping and defining every star in the sky to a photographic magnitude of about 9.
In 1890, the Harvard College Observatory constructed an observation station in Arequipa, Peru in order to study the sky in the Southern Hemisphere, and a study of bright stars in the southern hemisphere was published by Annie Jump Cannon and Pickering in 1901.

Dover, Delaware

DoverDover, DEDelaware
Annie Jump Cannon was born on December 11, 1863, in Dover, Delaware.
Annie Jump Cannon (1863–1941), astronomer and co-creator of Harvard Classification Scheme

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin

Cecilia Payne[14Payne-Gaposchkin Medal and Prize
The astronomer Cecilia Payne collaborated with Cannon and used Cannon's data to show that the stars were composed mainly of hydrogen and helium.
Under the direction of Harlow Shapley and Dr E. J. Sheridan (whom Payne-Gaposchkin described as a mentor ), the observatory had already offered more opportunities in astronomy to women than did other institutions, and notable achievements had been made earlier in the century by Williamina Fleming, Antonia Maury, Annie Jump Cannon, and Henrietta Swan Leavitt.

Cannon (crater)

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The lunar crater Cannon is named after her.
The crater is named after Annie Jump Cannon, an astronomer who classified 300,000 stellar bodies.

Wesley College (Delaware)

Wesley CollegeWesleyWesley (DE)
At Wilmington Conference Academy (today known as Wesley College), Cannon was a promising student, particularly in mathematics.
Annie Jump Cannon (1880) – Noted astronomer

List of minor planets named after people

4530 SmoluchowskiAsteroidsasteroids named after people
1120 Cannonia (Annie Jump Cannon)

List of inventions and discoveries by women

The first classification of stars based on their temperature, created by Annie Jump Cannon, used in publications up to 1924.

Women in computing

computingComputing, women ingirls to take on tech roles
One of the "computers," Annie Jump Cannon, could classify stars at a rate of three stars per minute.

List of physicists

physicistPhysicists
Annie Jump Cannon – United States (1863—1941)