A report on Annulment and Void marriage

In legal terminology, an annulment makes a void marriage or a voidable marriage null.

- Annulment

In some jurisdictions a void marriage must still be terminated by annulment, or an annulment may be required to remove any legal impediment to a subsequent marriage.

- Void marriage

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Marriage

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Culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouses.

Culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouses.

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Swedish royal wedding clothes from 1766 at Livrustkammaren in Stockholm
Indonesian wedding
Nepali wedding
Islamic wedding
Ancient Sumerian depiction of the marriage of Inanna and Dumuzid
In an 1828 "Wife Wanted" advertisement, an Englishman claiming a "great taste for building" pledges to apply a prospective wife's dowry-like £1000+ to build property that will be "settled on her for life".
Family chart showing relatives who, in Islamic Sharia law, would be considered mahrim (or maharem): unmarriageable kin with whom sexual intercourse would be considered incestuous.
An arranged marriage between Louis XIV of France and Maria Theresa of Spain.
Criticism about the Azeri society tradition from domestic violence to the social and political participation of women in the community
Traditional, formal presentation of the bridewealth (also known as "sin sot") at an engagement ceremony in Thailand
Couple married in a Shinto ceremony in Takayama, Gifu prefecture.
A newly married Assyrian couple.
Various advocates of same-sex marriage, such as this protester at a demonstration in New York City against California Proposition 8, consider civil unions an inferior alternative to legal recognition of same-sex marriage.
"Esposas de Matrimonio" ("Wedding Cuffs"), a wedding ring sculpture expressing the criticism of marriages' effects on individual liberty. Esposas is a play on Spanish, in which the singular form of the word esposa refers to a spouse, and the plural refers to handcuffs.
Countries where married women are required by law to obey their husbands as of 2015.
Christ and the woman taken in adultery by Jan Brueghel the Elder, Pinakothek
Magdalene laundries were institutions that existed from the 18th to the late 20th centuries, throughout Europe and North America, where "fallen women", including unmarried mothers, were detained. Photo: Magdalene laundry in Ireland, ca. early 20th century.
Anti-dowry poster in Bangalore, India.
The Outcast, by Richard Redgrave, 1851. A patriarch casts his daughter and her illegitimate baby out of the family home.
Percentage of births to unmarried women, selected countries, 1980 and 2007.
A man and woman exchange rings
Crowning during Holy Matrimony in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, an Eastern Catholic Church and a part of the Saint Thomas Christian community in India
Christian wedding in Kyoto, Japan
Russian orthodox wedding ceremony
A couple following their marriage in the Manti Utah Temple
Newlywed couples visit Timur's statues to receive wedding blessings in Uzbekistan.
A Muslim bride of Pakistan origin signing the nikkah nama or marriage certificate.
A Muslim couple being wed alongside the Tungabhadra River at Hampi, India.
A Jewish wedding, painting by Jozef Israëls, 1903
A Ketubah in Hebrew, a Jewish marriage-contract outlining the duties of each partner.
Hindu marriage ceremony from a Rajput wedding.
A Nepali Hindu couple in marriage ceremony.
Seuso and his wife
Woodcut. How Reymont and Melusina were betrothed / And by the bishop were blessed in their bed on their wedlock. From the Melusine, 15th century.
A marriage in 1960 in Italy. Photo by Paolo Monti.
Newlyweds after a civil ceremony in the tower of Stockholm City Hall in 2016
U.S States, by the date of repeal of anti-miscegenation laws:
No laws passed
Repealed before 1887
Repealed between 1948 and 1967
Overturned on 12 June 1967

Divorce and remarriage, while generally not encouraged, are regarded differently by each Christian denomination, with certain traditions, such as the Catholic Church, teaching the concept of an annulment.

Jurisdictions often have provisions for void marriages or voidable marriages.

Elkanah and his two wives

Bigamy

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Mandated, bigamy is the act of entering into a marriage with one person while still legally married to another.

Mandated, bigamy is the act of entering into a marriage with one person while still legally married to another.

Elkanah and his two wives
Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, was exposed as a bigamist in 1540 by his sister, Elisabeth

In countries that have bigamy laws, with a few exceptions (such as Egypt and Iran), consent from a prior spouse makes no difference to the legality of the second marriage, which is usually considered void.

Republic of Ireland: A criminal offence under section 57 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861, up to seven years' imprisonment. The Director of Public Prosecutions has discretion and rarely prosecutes. Catholic canon law permits a second marriage if the first was in a UK register office or annulled by the church; the state considered such marriages bigamous without a civil annulment (more restricted than a church annulment) or divorce (illegal from 1937 until 1996) and two cases in the 1960s led to suspended sentences. The 1861 act replaced an 1829 act which in turn replaced acts of 1725 and 1635.

Voidable marriage

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A voidable marriage (also called an avoidable marriage) is a marriage that can be canceled at the option of one of the parties through annulment.

A voidable marriage is contrasted with a void marriage, which is one that is on its face unlawful and therefore legally has no effect, whether or not one of the parties challenges the marriage.