A report on Annulment

Legal procedure within secular and religious legal systems for declaring a marriage null and void.

- Annulment

19 related topics with Alpha

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Criticism about the Azeri forced marriage tradition from early 20th-century satirical periodical Molla Nasraddin. Forced marriage is the theme for the cartoon with the caption – Free love. The image should be read from right to left. The first picture in the right: Should you not want to go voluntarily, I will take you by force. In the next picture: The akhund – cleric says: "Lady, since you don't say anything, it seems that you agree. By the order of God I marry you to this gentleman".

Forced marriage

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Marriage in which one or more of the parties is married without their consent or against their will.

Marriage in which one or more of the parties is married without their consent or against their will.

Criticism about the Azeri forced marriage tradition from early 20th-century satirical periodical Molla Nasraddin. Forced marriage is the theme for the cartoon with the caption – Free love. The image should be read from right to left. The first picture in the right: Should you not want to go voluntarily, I will take you by force. In the next picture: The akhund – cleric says: "Lady, since you don't say anything, it seems that you agree. By the order of God I marry you to this gentleman".
Unequal marriage, a 19th-century painting by Russian artist Pukirev. It depicts an arranged marriage where a young girl is forced to marry against her will.
Forced Marriage Unit campaign
Prime Minister David Cameron accompanied by Foreign Office Minister Alistair Burt and Home Office Minister Lynne Featherstone visited the Forced Marriage Unit, 8 June 2012 to meet with campaigners Aneeta Prem, Jasvinder Sanghera and Diana Nammi to discuss the new legislation and the range of measures that will be introduced to increase support and protection for victims.
Forced Marriage Unit, UK

Victims may be able to seek redress through annulment or divorce.

Portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger, 1539. Oil and tempera on parchment mounted on canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris

Anne of Cleves

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Queen of England from 6 January to 12 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII.

Queen of England from 6 January to 12 July 1540 as the fourth wife of King Henry VIII.

Portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger, 1539. Oil and tempera on parchment mounted on canvas, Musée du Louvre, Paris
Portrait Miniature of Anne of Cleves, 1539, Hans Holbein the Younger (V & A Museum)
A portrait of Anne in the 1540s by Bartholomäus Bruyn the elder
Anne of Cleves' arms as queen consort

Following the annulment, Henry gave her a generous settlement, and she was thereafter known as the King's Beloved Sister.

Execution of a Moroccan Jewess (Sol Hachuel) a painting by Alfred Dehodencq

Apostasy in Islam

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Commonly defined as the abandonment of Islam by a Muslim, in thought, word, or through deed.

Commonly defined as the abandonment of Islam by a Muslim, in thought, word, or through deed.

Execution of a Moroccan Jewess (Sol Hachuel) a painting by Alfred Dehodencq
Legal opinion on apostasy by the Fatwa committee at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, concerning the case of a man who converted to Christianity: "Since he left Islam, he will be invited to express his regret. If he does not regret, he will be killed according to rights and obligations of the Islamic law." The Fatwa also mentions that the same applies to his children if they entered Islam and left it after they reach maturity.
Visualisation of the total % of Muslims per country who support the death penalty for apostasy according to the 2013 Pew report's values.
Roderick is venerated in Christianity as one of the Martyrs of Córdoba
Penalties (actual or proposed) for apostasy in some Muslim-majority countries as of 2020.
Death penalty
Prison
Converting a Muslim is a crime
Loss of child custody/marriage
Greek Christians in 1922, fleeing their homes from Kharput to Trebizond. In the 1910s and 1920s the Armenian, Greek, and Assyrian genocides were perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire.

(b) his or her marriage annulled (faskh) (as in the case of Nasr Abu Zayd);

St Paul Writing His Epistles by Valentin de Boulogne

Pauline privilege

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Allowance by the Roman Catholic Church of the dissolution of marriage of two persons not baptized at the time the marriage occurred.

Allowance by the Roman Catholic Church of the dissolution of marriage of two persons not baptized at the time the marriage occurred.

St Paul Writing His Epistles by Valentin de Boulogne

It differs from annulment because it dissolves a valid natural (but not sacramental) marriage whereas an annulment declares that a marriage was invalid from the beginning.

Matrimonial Causes Act 1973

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Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom governing divorce law and marriage in England and Wales.

Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom governing divorce law and marriage in England and Wales.

Under section 24(1), when granting a divorce, decree of nullity of marriage or judicial separation the court can order (subject to restrictions in ss 29(1) and (3) relating to children of the age of majority other than those still in school or in other special circumstances):

Illustration from Tacuinum Sanitatis, a medieval handbook on wellness

Consummation

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First act of sexual intercourse between two people, following their marriage to each other.

First act of sexual intercourse between two people, following their marriage to each other.

Illustration from Tacuinum Sanitatis, a medieval handbook on wellness

Thus in some legal systems a marriage may be annulled if it has not been consummated.

Effects of marriage

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In family law, effects of marriage is a legal term of art used to describe all of the rights and obligations that individuals may be subject and entitled to if they are in a common-law marriage, an annulled marriage, domestic partnership or a civil union.

Putative marriage

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Apparently valid marriage, entered into in good faith on the part of at least one of the partners, but that is legally invalid due to a technical impediment, such as a preexistent marriage on the part of one of the partners.

Apparently valid marriage, entered into in good faith on the part of at least one of the partners, but that is legally invalid due to a technical impediment, such as a preexistent marriage on the part of one of the partners.

In consequence, children born as a result of a marriage which is found to be void are considered legitimate, and the spouses cannot marry others without first obtaining an annulment by proving its invalidity.

A Lutheran priest in Germany marries a young couple in a church.

Marriage officiant

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Person who officiates at a wedding ceremony.

Person who officiates at a wedding ceremony.

A Lutheran priest in Germany marries a young couple in a church.
A Lutheran priest in Germany marries a young couple in a church.

In the Catholic Church, it is the bride and groom who perform the Sacrament of Matrimony (marriage), but a marriage can only be valid if the Church has a witness at the wedding ceremony whose function is to question the couple to ensure that they have no obstacle to marriage (such as an un-annulled previous marriage or certain undisclosed facts between the couple) and that they are freely choosing to wed each other.