Antenna (radio)

antennaantennasradio antennahorizontal polarizationaerialvertical polarizationantennaehorizontalverticalaerials
In radio engineering, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.wikipedia
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Transmitter

radio transmittertransmittersradio transmitters
In radio engineering, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver. It is a fundamental property of antennas that the electrical characteristics of an antenna described in the next section, such as gain, radiation pattern, impedance, bandwidth, resonant frequency and polarization, are the same whether the antenna is transmitting or receiving.
In electronics and telecommunications, a transmitter or radio transmitter is an electronic device which produces radio waves with an antenna.

Directional antenna

high-gain antennadirectionallow-gain antenna
Antennas can be designed to transmit and receive radio waves in all horizontal directions equally (omnidirectional antennas), or preferentially in a particular direction (directional or high gain antennas).
A directional antenna or beam antenna is an antenna which radiates or receives greater power in specific directions allowing increased performance and reduced interference from unwanted sources.

Parabolic antenna

dish antennaparabolicparabolic dish antenna
An antenna may include parasitic elements, parabolic reflectors or horns, which serve to direct the radio waves into a beam or other desired radiation pattern.
A parabolic antenna is an antenna that uses a parabolic reflector, a curved surface with the cross-sectional shape of a parabola, to direct the radio waves.

Radio wave

radio wavesradioradio signal
In radio engineering, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.
Radio waves are generated artificially by transmitters and received by radio receivers, using antennas.

Omnidirectional antenna

non-directional antennaomnidirectionalnon-directional
Antennas can be designed to transmit and receive radio waves in all horizontal directions equally (omnidirectional antennas), or preferentially in a particular direction (directional or high gain antennas).
In radio communication, an omnidirectional antenna is a class of antenna which radiates equal radio power in all directions perpendicular to an axis (azimuthal directions), with power varying with angle to the axis (elevation angle), declining to zero on the axis.

Horn antenna

hornhornsCorrugated Horn
An antenna may include parasitic elements, parabolic reflectors or horns, which serve to direct the radio waves into a beam or other desired radiation pattern.
A horn antenna or microwave horn is an antenna that consists of a flaring metal waveguide shaped like a horn to direct radio waves in a beam.

Radio

radio communicationradio communicationswireless
Antennas are essential components of all radio equipment.
The electromagnetic wave is intercepted by a tuned receiving antenna.

Passive radiator

parasitic elementparasiticparasitic radiator
An antenna may include parasitic elements, parabolic reflectors or horns, which serve to direct the radio waves into a beam or other desired radiation pattern.
In a radio antenna, a passive radiator or parasitic element is a conductive element, typically a metal rod, which is not electrically connected to anything else.

Radiation pattern

antenna patternbeam patternpattern
An antenna may include parasitic elements, parabolic reflectors or horns, which serve to direct the radio waves into a beam or other desired radiation pattern. It is a fundamental property of antennas that the electrical characteristics of an antenna described in the next section, such as gain, radiation pattern, impedance, bandwidth, resonant frequency and polarization, are the same whether the antenna is transmitting or receiving.
In the field of antenna design the term radiation pattern (or antenna pattern or far-field pattern) refers to the directional (angular) dependence of the strength of the radio waves from the antenna or other source.

Whip antenna

ground plane antennaWhipantennas
A vertical antenna or whip antenna radiates in all directions horizontally, but sends less energy upward or downward.
A whip antenna is an antenna consisting of a straight flexible wire or rod.

Phased array

phased array radarphased-arrayphased-array radar
A phased array consists of two or more simple antennas which are connected together through an electrical network.
In antenna theory, a phased array usually means an electronically scanned array, a computer-controlled array of antennas which creates a beam of radio waves that can be electronically steered to point in different directions without moving the antennas.

Monopole antenna

monopolemonopolesquarter-wave monopole
The vertical antenna is a monopole antenna, not balanced with respect to ground.
A monopole antenna is a class of radio antenna consisting of a straight rod-shaped conductor, often mounted perpendicularly over some type of conductive surface, called a ground plane.

Beverage antenna

Beverage
For reception, a long Beverage antenna can have significant directivity.
The Beverage antenna or "wave antenna" is a long-wire receiving antenna mainly used in the low frequency and medium frequency radio bands, invented by Harold H. Beverage in 1921.

Log-periodic antenna

log periodic antennalog-periodiclog periodic
A log-periodic dipole array consists of a number of dipole elements of different lengths in order to obtain a somewhat directional antenna having an extremely wide bandwidth.
A log-periodic antenna (LP), also known as a log-periodic array or log-periodic aerial, is a multi-element, directional antenna designed to operate over a wide band of frequencies.

Feed line

feedlinefeeder linefeeding line
An antenna lead-in is the transmission line, or feed line, which connects the antenna to a transmitter or receiver.
In a radio antenna, the feed line (feedline), or feeder, is the cable or other transmission line that connects the antenna with the radio transmitter or receiver.

Transmission line

transmission linestransmissionbalanced transmission line
An antenna lead-in is the transmission line, or feed line, which connects the antenna to a transmitter or receiver.
Transmission lines are used for purposes such as connecting radio transmitters and receivers with their antennas (they are then called feed lines or feeders), distributing cable television signals, trunklines routing calls between telephone switching centres, computer network connections and high speed computer data buses.

Antenna feed

feed antennafeedfeed antennas
The "antenna feed" may refer to all components connecting the antenna to the transmitter or receiver, such as an impedance matching network in addition to the transmission line.
In a transmitting antenna system the term can refer to any one or all of the components involved conveying the RF electrical current into the radiating part of the antenna, where the current is converted to radiation; in a receiving antenna, the term refers to the parts of the system that convert the electric currents already collected from incoming radio waves into a specific voltage to current ratio (impedance) needed at the receiver.

Antenna tuner

tunerpi networkantenna coupling
An antenna coupling network is a passive network (generally a combination of inductive and capacitive circuit elements) used for impedance matching in between the antenna and the transmitter or receiver.
Antenna tuner, matchbox, transmatch, antenna tuning unit (ATU), antenna coupler, and feedline coupler are all equivalent names for a device connected between a radio and its antenna to improve power transfer between them by matching the impedance of the radio to the combined impedance of the antenna and feedline.

Coaxial cable

coaxialcoax cablecable
Such a structure is normally connected to the return connection of an unbalanced transmission line such as the shield of a coaxial cable.
It is used in such applications as telephone trunklines, broadband internet networking cables, high speed computer data busses, carrying cable television signals, and connecting radio transmitters and receivers to their antennas.

Broadcast engineering

broadcast engineerradio engineeringradio engineer
In radio engineering, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver.
New equipment from the transmitter to the radio antenna to the receiver may be encountered by engineers new to the field.

Ground plane

ground plane antennareference planereflector screen
An antenna counterpoise, or ground plane, is a structure of conductive material which improves or substitutes for the ground.
In antenna theory, a ground plane is a conducting surface large in comparison to the wavelength, such as the Earth, which is connected to the transmitter's ground wire and serves as a reflecting surface for radio waves.

Radio receiver

receiverreceiversRadios
In radio engineering, an antenna is the interface between radio waves propagating through space and electric currents moving in metal conductors, used with a transmitter or receiver. It is a fundamental property of antennas that the electrical characteristics of an antenna described in the next section, such as gain, radiation pattern, impedance, bandwidth, resonant frequency and polarization, are the same whether the antenna is transmitting or receiving.
It is used with an antenna.

Antenna gain

gaindirective gaingain of an antenna
It is a fundamental property of antennas that the electrical characteristics of an antenna described in the next section, such as gain, radiation pattern, impedance, bandwidth, resonant frequency and polarization, are the same whether the antenna is transmitting or receiving.
In electromagnetics, an antenna's power gain or simply gain is a key performance number which combines the antenna's directivity and electrical efficiency.

Counterpoise (ground system)

counterpoisecounterpoise wirescounterpoises
An antenna counterpoise, or ground plane, is a structure of conductive material which improves or substitutes for the ground.
In electronics and radio communication a counterpoise is a network of suspended horizontal wires or cables (or a metal screen), used as a substitute for an earth (ground) connection in a radio antenna system.

Radar

radar stationradarsradar system
These can be used to give the antenna a different behavior on receiving than it has on transmitting, which can be useful in applications like radar.
A radar system consists of a transmitter producing electromagnetic waves in the radio or microwaves domain, a transmitting antenna, a receiving antenna (often the same antenna is used for transmitting and receiving) and a receiver and processor to determine properties of the object(s).