A report on Anterograde amnesia

Hippocampus (brain)

Loss of the ability to create new memories after the event that caused amnesia, leading to a partial or complete inability to recall the recent past, while long-term memories from before the event remain intact.

- Anterograde amnesia
Hippocampus (brain)

39 related topics with Alpha

Overall

Midazolam

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Benzodiazepine medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, and severe agitation.

Benzodiazepine medication used for anesthesia, procedural sedation, and severe agitation.

Injectable midazolam in 1 and 5 mg/ml strengths
Oklahoma State Penitentiary, the site of the state of Oklahoma's execution chamber

It works by inducing sleepiness, decreasing anxiety, and causing a loss of ability to create new memories.

Lobes of the human brain (temporal lobe is shown in green)

Temporal lobe

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One of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals.

One of the four major lobes of the cerebral cortex in the brain of mammals.

Lobes of the human brain (temporal lobe is shown in green)
Animation showing the position of the human left temporal lobe

The medial temporal lobes include the hippocampi, which are essential for memory storage, therefore damage to this area can result in impairment in new memory formation leading to permanent or temporary anterograde amnesia.

Alprazolam

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Fast-acting tranquilizer of medium duration in the triazolobenzodiazepine class, which are benzodiazepines (BZDs) fused with a triazole ring.

Fast-acting tranquilizer of medium duration in the triazolobenzodiazepine class, which are benzodiazepines (BZDs) fused with a triazole ring.

Alprazolam pills in boxes, as sold in France. Both Xanax (original Pfizer alprazolam product) and various generic forms of alprazolam are depicted here.
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Side effects from alprazolam
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Binding at the α1β3γ2 GABAA receptor. Alprazolam with red space-filling carbon atoms. γ2 receptor subunit in mint green. The α1' subunit is hidden.
Alprazolam is metabolized into 4-hydroxyalprazolam (top) and α-hydroxyalprazolam (bottom).

Anterograde amnesia and concentration problems

Eszopiclone

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Medication used in the treatment of insomnia.

Medication used in the treatment of insomnia.

Long-term use of sedative-hypnotics for insomnia lacks an evidence base and has traditionally been discouraged for reasons that include concerns about such potential adverse drug effects as cognitive impairment (anterograde amnesia), daytime sedation, motor incoordination, and increased risk of motor vehicle accidents and falls.

Hippocampus as seen in red

Explicit memory

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One of the two main types of long-term human memory, the other of which is implicit memory.

One of the two main types of long-term human memory, the other of which is implicit memory.

Hippocampus as seen in red
Amygdala as seen in red
The Morris water maze

Guy Pearce plays an ex-insurance investigator suffering from severe anterograde amnesia caused by a head injury.

Temazepam under the brand name Temtabs 10 mg tablets in Australia.

Temazepam

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Medication of the benzodiazepine class which is now generally used to treat severe or debilitating insomnia.

Medication of the benzodiazepine class which is now generally used to treat severe or debilitating insomnia.

Temazepam under the brand name Temtabs 10 mg tablets in Australia.
Generic temazepam 10 mg tablets
Prepn: S. C. Bell, (1965 to Am. Home. Prod.). See also: E. Reeder et al., and  (1967, 1968, both to Hoffmann-La Roche).
Apro temazepam
Normison (temazepam) 10 mg tablets

Anterograde amnesia may also develop, as may respiratory depression in higher doses.

Transiente globale Amnesie MRT DWI axial

Transient global amnesia

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Neurological disorder whose key defining characteristic is a temporary but almost total disruption of short-term memory with a range of problems accessing older memories.

Neurological disorder whose key defining characteristic is a temporary but almost total disruption of short-term memory with a range of problems accessing older memories.

Transiente globale Amnesie MRT DWI axial

Both TGA and anterograde amnesia deal with disruptions of short-term memory.

A 7.5 mg zopiclone tablet.

Zopiclone

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Nonbenzodiazepine used to treat difficulty sleeping.

Nonbenzodiazepine used to treat difficulty sleeping.

A 7.5 mg zopiclone tablet.
Two major zopiclone metabolites.

Long-term use of sedative-hypnotics for insomnia lacks an evidence base and is discouraged for reasons that include concerns about such potential adverse drug effects as cognitive impairment (anterograde amnesia), daytime sedation, motor incoordination, and increased risk of motor vehicle accidents and falls.

Blackout (drug-related amnesia)

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Phenomenon caused by the intake of any substance or medication in which short-term and long-term memory creation is impaired, therefore causing a complete inability to recall the past.

Phenomenon caused by the intake of any substance or medication in which short-term and long-term memory creation is impaired, therefore causing a complete inability to recall the past.

Blackouts are frequently described as having effects similar to that of anterograde amnesia, in which the subject cannot recall any events after the event that caused amnesia.

Rohypnol 1 mg tablets.

Flunitrazepam

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Benzodiazepine used to treat severe insomnia and assist with anesthesia.

Benzodiazepine used to treat severe insomnia and assist with anesthesia.

Rohypnol 1 mg tablets.
Hypnodorm 1 mg flunitrazepam tablets, Australia
Rohypnol
Icelandic Flunitrazepam

This may appear as lack of concentration, confusion and anterograde amnesia—the inability to create memories while under the influence.