Anthony Eden

Sir Anthony EdenEdenAnthony Eden, 1st Earl of AvonRobert Anthony EdenAntony EdenAnthony Eden, Earl of Avon The Right Honourable '''Anthony Eden''' MC become a knight until 1954British Foreign Secretary Anthony EdenBritish foreign secretary Eden
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.wikipedia
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1955 United Kingdom general election

1955 general election19551955 election
Having been deputy to Winston Churchill for almost 15 years, he succeeded him as the leader of the Conservative Party and prime minister in April 1955, and a month later won a general election.
It resulted in a substantially increased majority of 60 for the Conservative government under new leader and prime minister Sir Anthony Eden; the result remains the largest party share of the vote in a post-war general election.

Appeasement

appeasement of Hitlerappeaseappeaser
Achieving rapid promotion as a young Member of Parliament, he became Foreign Secretary aged 38, before resigning in protest at Neville Chamberlain's appeasement policy towards Mussolini's Italy.
However, by the time of the Munich Pact—concluded on 30 September 1938 among Germany, Britain, France, and Italy—the policy was opposed by the Labour Party, by a few Conservative dissenters such as Winston Churchill and Duff Cooper, and even by Anthony Eden, a former proponent of appeasement.

Suez Crisis

Suez WarSinai WarSinai Campaign
Eden's worldwide reputation as an opponent of appeasement, a "man of peace", and a skilled diplomat was overshadowed in 1956 when the United States refused to support the Anglo-French military response to the Suez Crisis, which critics across party lines regarded as an historic setback for British foreign policy, signalling the end of British predominance in the Middle East.
As a result of the conflict, the United Nations created the UNEF Peacekeepers to police the Egyptian–Israeli border, British prime minister Anthony Eden resigned, Canadian external affairs minister Lester Pearson won the Nobel Peace Prize, and the USSR may have been emboldened to invade Hungary.

D. R. Thorpe

D.R. ThorpeD R Thorpe
Biographer D. R. Thorpe described the Suez Crisis as "a truly tragic end to his premiership, and one that came to assume a disproportionate importance in any assessment of his career."
D. R. (Richard) Thorpe (born 1943) is a historian and biographer who has written biographies of three British Prime Ministers of the mid 20th century, Sir Anthony Eden, Sir Alec Douglas-Home and Harold Macmillan.

Operation Musketeer (1956)

Operation MusketeerSuez OperationSuez Crisis
Two months after ordering an end to the Suez operation, he resigned as prime minister on grounds of ill health and because he was widely suspected of having misled the House of Commons over the degree of collusion with France and Israel.
Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden called a ceasefire, without Israeli or French officials being notified.

Sir William Eden, 7th Baronet

Sir William Eden, 7th and 5th BaronetSir William Eden, Bart.
He was a younger son of Sir William Eden, 7th and 5th Baronet, a former colonel and local magistrate from an old titled family.
His third son was Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

Historical rankings of prime ministers of the United Kingdom

2016 surveyBritish prime ministersgenerally rank him in the upper half
Eden is generally ranked among the least successful British prime ministers of the 20th century, although two broadly sympathetic biographies (in 1986 and 2003) have gone some way to shifting the balance of opinion.
The worst prime minister in that survey was judged to be Anthony Eden.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.
Conservative Prime Ministers Churchill, Sir Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan and Sir Alec Douglas-Home promoted relatively liberal trade regulations and less state involvement throughout the 1950s and early-1960s.

Leader of the Conservative Party (UK)

Leader of the Conservative PartyLeaderparty leader
Having been deputy to Winston Churchill for almost 15 years, he succeeded him as the leader of the Conservative Party and prime minister in April 1955, and a month later won a general election.

Rab Butler

R. A. ButlerR.A. ButlerButler
Rab Butler would later quip that Eden—a handsome but ill-tempered man—was "half mad baronet, half beautiful woman".
In February 1938, Butler was appointed Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in the reshuffle caused by the resignation of Anthony Eden as Foreign Secretary and Lord Cranborne as Under-Secretary.

Neville Chamberlain

ChamberlainNevilleArthur Neville Chamberlain
Achieving rapid promotion as a young Member of Parliament, he became Foreign Secretary aged 38, before resigning in protest at Neville Chamberlain's appeasement policy towards Mussolini's Italy.
At age 68, he was the second-eldest person in the 20th century (behind Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman) to become Prime Minister for the first time, and was widely seen as a caretaker who would lead the Conservative Party until the next election and then step down in favour of a younger man, with Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden a likely candidate.

Beatrice Beckett

BeatriceBeatrice (née Beckett)Beatrice Helen Beckett
Eden married Beatrice Beckett in the autumn of 1923, and after a two-day honeymoon in Essex, he was selected to fight Warwick and Leamington for a by-election in November 1923.
Beatrice Helen Beckett (27 July 1905 – 29 June 1957) was the first wife of British politician Anthony Eden.

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston ChurchillChurchillChurchill, Winston
Having been deputy to Winston Churchill for almost 15 years, he succeeded him as the leader of the Conservative Party and prime minister in April 1955, and a month later won a general election.
Neville Chamberlain was also taking a growing interest in foreign affairs, and in June, as part of a power-bid at the expense of the young and pro-League of Nations Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, he demanded an end to sanctions against Italy ("the very midsummer of madness").

Windlestone Hall

Windlestone
Eden was born on 12 June 1897 at Windlestone Hall, County Durham, into a conservative family of landed gentry.
The house was the birthplace in 1897 of Anthony Eden, the younger son of the sixth baronet; Eden entered parliament as a Conservative Party Member of Parliament in 1923, later serving as a cabinet minister before serving as Prime Minister from 1955 to 1957.

Eden baronets

baronetcyEden familyEden of West Auckland
He was a younger son of Sir William Eden, 7th and 5th Baronet, a former colonel and local magistrate from an old titled family.

Earl Grey

GreyViscount HowickEarls Grey
Eden's mother, Sybil Frances Grey, was a member of the famous Grey family of Northumberland (see below).
1945) was the mother of Prime Minister Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon.

1934 Birthday Honours

1934 King's Birthday Honours
Whilst Lord Privy Seal, Eden was sworn of the Privy Council in the 1934 Birthday Honours.
* Robert Anthony Eden, Lord Privy Seal since January 1934.

Anthony Eden hat

Anthony EdenHomburgHomburg hat
He regularly wore a Homburg hat, which became known in Britain as an "Anthony Eden".
An "Anthony Eden" hat, or simply an "Anthony Eden", was a type of headgear popularized in Britain in the mid-20th century by politician Anthony Eden, later 1st Earl of Avon (1897–1977).

Warwick and Leamington (UK Parliament constituency)

Warwick and LeamingtonWarwick & LeamingtonWarwick and Leamington BC
Eden married Beatrice Beckett in the autumn of 1923, and after a two-day honeymoon in Essex, he was selected to fight Warwick and Leamington for a by-election in November 1923.
From 1923 until 1957 the seat was represented by Anthony Eden, who was Prime Minister from 1955-57.

Eton College

EtonEtonianEton School
He then started at Eton College in January 1911.
Eton has produced twenty British Prime Ministers, including Sir Robert Walpole, William Pitt the Elder, the first Duke of Wellington, William Ewart Gladstone, the third Marquess of Salisbury, the fifth Earl of Rosebery, Arthur James Balfour, Anthony Eden, Harold Macmillan, Alec Douglas-Home, David Cameron and current Prime Minister Boris Johnson.

Stalag Luft III murders

executed and murderedmurdered50 escapers executed and murdered
After the Stalag Luft III murders, he vowed in the House of Commons to bring the perpetrators of the crime to "exemplary justice", leading to a successful manhunt after the war by the Royal Air Force Special Investigation Branch.
Outrage at the killings was felt immediately, both in the prison camp, among comrades of the escaped prisoners and in the United Kingdom, where Foreign Minister Anthony Eden rose in the House of Commons to announce in June 1944 that those guilty of what the British government suspected was a war crime would be "brought to exemplary justice."

Second Italo-Ethiopian War

Second Italo-Abyssinian WarItalian invasion of Ethiopiainvasion of Ethiopia
He privately opposed the policy of the Foreign Secretary, Sir Samuel Hoare, of trying to appease Italy during its invasion of Abyssinia (Ethiopia) in 1935.
In June 1935, Anthony Eden arrived in Rome with the message that Britain was opposed to an invasion and with a compromise plan for Italy to be given a corridor in Ethiopia to link the two Italian colonies in the Horn of Africa, which Mussolini rejected outright.

George Wyndham

WyndhamGeorgeWyndham, Rt Hon. George
There was speculation for many years that Eden's biological father was the politician and man of letters George Wyndham, but this is considered impossible as Wyndham was in South Africa at the time of Eden's conception.
There has been speculation over the years that Wyndham was the natural father of Anthony Eden, who was Prime Minister from 1955–57.

Political Warfare Executive

PWEBritish wartime propagandistsSex and the Swastika
At the end of 1940 Eden returned to the Foreign Office, and in this role became a member of the executive committee of the Political Warfare Executive in 1941.
The organisation was governed by a committee initially comprising Anthony Eden (Foreign Secretary), Brendan Bracken (Minister of Information) and Hugh Dalton (Minister of Economic Warfare), together with officials Rex Leeper, Dallas Brooks and Robert Bruce Lockhart as chairman (and later Director General).

Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland

Robert EdenSir Robert EdenGovernor Eden
He was also descended from Governor Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland and, through the Calvert Family of Maryland, he was connected to the ancient Roman Catholic aristocracy of the Arundell and Howard families, some of whom were Roman Catholics like the Dukes of Norfolk and others Anglican such as the earls of Carlisle, Effingham and Suffolk.
Eden was an ancestor of the 20th century British Prime Minister Anthony Eden.