Anthropology of religion

anthropologist of religionanthropologyreligionanthropologicalreligiousanthropologistsanthropologists of religionAnthropology of ReligionsChurches and church goingReligious Anthropology
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.wikipedia
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Cultural anthropology

cultural anthropologistcultural anthropologistscultural
In the 19th century, cultural anthropology was dominated by an interest in cultural evolution; most anthropologists assumed that there was a simple distinction between "primitive" and "modern" religion and tried to provide accounts of how the former evolved into the latter.
European "social anthropologists" focused on observed social behaviors and on "social structure", that is, on relationships among social roles (for example, husband and wife, or parent and child) and social institutions (for example, religion, economy, and politics).

Animism

animistanimisticanimists
Animism is used in the anthropology of religion as a term for the belief system of many indigenous peoples, especially in contrast to the relatively more recent development of organised religions.

Magic and religion

magicdefensive magichistory of magic
The complete continuity between magic and religion has been a postulate of modern anthropology at least since early 1930s.

Evolutionary origin of religions

origin of religionreligionevolution of religion
The evolutionary origin of religions and religious behavior is a field of study related to evolutionary psychology, the origin of language and mythology, and cross-cultural comparison of the anthropology of religion.

Archaeology of religion and ritual

MuslimsReligion, rituals
As in religious studies and the Anthropology of religion, many archaeologists differentiate between “world religions,” and “traditional” or “indigenous religions.” “World religions” are defined by Bowie (2000: 26) as:

Cognitive science of religion

Modern psychology recognizes this conceptcognitivereligious cognition
While it often relies upon earlier research within anthropology of religion and sociology of religion, cognitive science of religion considers the results of that work within the context of evolutionary and cognitive theories.

Institution

institutionsinstitutionalsocial institutions
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.

Belief

beliefsreligious beliefbelief system
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.

Ritual

ritualsreligious ritualritualistic
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.

Culture

culturalculturesculturally
Anthropology of religion is the study of religion in relation to other social institutions, and the comparison of religious beliefs and practices across cultures.

Al-Biruni

Abū Rayhān al-BīrūnīAbu Rayhan BiruniAbū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī
In the early 12th century, Abū Rayhān Bīrūnī (973–1048), wrote detailed comparative studies on the anthropology of religions and cultures across the Mediterranean (including the so-called "Middle East") and the Indian subcontinent.

Mediterranean Basin

Mediterranean regionMediterraneanMediterranean area
In the early 12th century, Abū Rayhān Bīrūnī (973–1048), wrote detailed comparative studies on the anthropology of religions and cultures across the Mediterranean (including the so-called "Middle East") and the Indian subcontinent.

Middle East

Middle Easternthe Middle EastMiddle-East
In the early 12th century, Abū Rayhān Bīrūnī (973–1048), wrote detailed comparative studies on the anthropology of religions and cultures across the Mediterranean (including the so-called "Middle East") and the Indian subcontinent.

Indian subcontinent

IndiasubcontinentIndian
In the early 12th century, Abū Rayhān Bīrūnī (973–1048), wrote detailed comparative studies on the anthropology of religions and cultures across the Mediterranean (including the so-called "Middle East") and the Indian subcontinent.

Anthropology

anthropologistanthropologicalanthropologists
Anthropology circa 1940 assumed that religion is in complete continuity with magical thinking, and that it is a cultural product.

Magical thinking

magicmagicalmagically
Anthropology circa 1940 assumed that religion is in complete continuity with magical thinking, and that it is a cultural product.

Psychological projection

projectionprojectprojected
The perspective of modern anthropology towards religion is the projection idea, a methodological approach which assumes that every religion is created by the human community that worships it, that "creative activity ascribed to God is projected from man."

Community

communitiescommunalsmall community
The perspective of modern anthropology towards religion is the projection idea, a methodological approach which assumes that every religion is created by the human community that worships it, that "creative activity ascribed to God is projected from man."

Ludwig Feuerbach

FeuerbachLudwig Andreas FeuerbachFeuerbachian
In 1841, Ludwig Feuerbach was the first to employ this concept as the basis for a systematic critique of religion.

Giambattista Vico

VicoGiovan Battista VicoGianbattista Vico
A prominent precursor in the formulation of this projection principle was Giambattista Vico, and an early formulation of it is found in ancient Greek writer Xenophanes, which observed that "the gods of Ethiopians were inevitably black with flat noses while those of the Thracians were blond with blue eyes."

Xenophanes

Xenophanes of ColophonXenophane
A prominent precursor in the formulation of this projection principle was Giambattista Vico, and an early formulation of it is found in ancient Greek writer Xenophanes, which observed that "the gods of Ethiopians were inevitably black with flat noses while those of the Thracians were blond with blue eyes."

Émile Durkheim

DurkheimEmile DurkheimDurkheimian
In 1912 Émile Durkheim, building on Feuerbach, considered religion "a projection of the social values of society," "a means of making symbolic statements about society," "a symbolic language that makes statements about the social order"; in short, "religion is society worshiping itself".

Symbol

symbolssymbologysymbologist
In 1912 Émile Durkheim, building on Feuerbach, considered religion "a projection of the social values of society," "a means of making symbolic statements about society," "a symbolic language that makes statements about the social order"; in short, "religion is society worshiping itself".