Anti-Catholicism in the United States

anti-Catholicanti-Catholicismanti-Catholic biasalleged that Catholics were "gaining control of American institutionsAmerican anti-Catholicismanti-Catholic attitudesanti-Catholic bigotryanti-Catholic movement in the USanti-Catholic prejudicesanti-Catholic sentiment
Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestants to the American colonies.wikipedia
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Pope Night

Pope's DayPope DayPope's Night
By the 1780s, Catholics were extended legal toleration in all of the New England states that previously had been so hostile, and the anti-Catholic tradition of Pope Night was discontinued.
Pope Night (also called Pope's Night, Pope Day, or Pope's Day) was an anti-Catholic holiday celebrated annually on November 5 in the colonial United States.

Ku Klux Klan

KKKKlansmanKlansmen
Anti-Catholicism was widespread in the 1920s; anti-Catholics, including the Ku Klux Klan, believed that Catholicism was incompatible with democracy and that parochial schools encouraged separatism and kept Catholics from becoming loyal Americans.
Its official rhetoric focused on the threat of the Catholic Church, using anti-Catholicism and nativism.

John Tracy Ellis

John Tracy Ellis wrote that a "universal anti-Catholic bias was brought to Jamestown in 1607 and vigorously cultivated in all the thirteen colonies from Massachusetts to Georgia."
In his book American Catholicism, first published in 1956, he wrote that a "universal anti-Catholic bias was brought to Jamestown in 1607 and vigorously cultivated in all the thirteen colonies from Massachusetts to Georgia."

1928 United States presidential election

19281928 presidential election1928 election
In 1928, Democrat Al Smith became the first Roman Catholic to gain a major party's nomination for president, and his religion became an issue during the campaign.
In the end, the Republicans were identified with the booming economy of the 1920s, whereas Smith, a Roman Catholic, suffered politically from anti-Catholic prejudice, his anti-prohibitionist stance, and his association with the legacy of corruption of Tammany Hall.

Al Smith

Alfred E. SmithSmithAlfred Emanuel Smith
In 1928, Democrat Al Smith became the first Roman Catholic to gain a major party's nomination for president, and his religion became an issue during the campaign.
It also brought out the anti-Catholic vote, which was especially strong among white conservative Democrats in the South, although Smith was still successful within the states of the Deep South.

John Higham (historian)

John HighamHigham, John
The historian John Higham described anti-Catholicism as "the most luxuriant, tenacious tradition of paranoiac agitation in American history".
He is noted for having described anti-Catholicism in the United States as "the most luxuriant, tenacious tradition of paranoiac agitation in American history".

James G. Blaine

James BlaineBlaineJames Gillespie Blaine
Republican Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, James G. Blaine of Maine proposed an amendment to the Constitution in 1874 that provided: "No money raised by taxation in any State for the support of public schools, or derived from any public source, nor any public lands devoted thereto, shall ever be under the control of any religious sect, nor shall any money so raised or land so devoted be divided between religious sects or denominations."
Although it never passed Congress, and left Blaine open to charges of anti-Catholicism, the proposed amendment served Blaine's purpose of rallying Protestants to the Republican party and promoting himself as one of the party's foremost leaders.

Knights of Columbus

Knight of ColumbusBrooklyn Knights of ColumbusKnights of Colombus
The Knights of Columbus began attacking Roosevelt.
It was hoped that this would help mitigate some of the American anti-Catholicism.

Herbert Hoover

HooverHerbert C. HooverPresident Hoover
They seldom endorsed Republican Herbert Hoover, who was a Quaker.
Smith was more charismatic and gregarious than Hoover, but his campaign was damaged by anti-Catholicism and his overt opposition to Prohibition.

Blaine Amendment

Blaine Amendmentsstrong opposition to any public fundingreligious schools.
The amendment was defeated in 1875 but would be used as a model for so-called "Blaine Amendments" incorporated into 34 state constitutions over the next three decades.

List of ambassadors of the United States to the Holy See

United States Ambassador to the Holy SeeU.S. Ambassador to the Holy SeeU.S. Minister to the State of the Church
On October 20, 1951, President Harry Truman nominated former General Mark Clark to be the United States emissary to the Vatican.
The United States was slow to establish full diplomatic relations with the re-established Holy See, partly due to the prevalence of anti-Catholicism in the United States.

John F. Kennedy

KennedyPresident KennedyJohn Kennedy
A key factor that affected the vote for and against John F. Kennedy in his 1960 campaign for the presidency of the United States was his Catholic religion.
Many Americans held anti-Catholic attitudes, but Kennedy's vocal support of the separation of church and state helped defuse the situation.

Eleanor Roosevelt

EleanorAnna Eleanor RooseveltMrs. Roosevelt
Eleanor Roosevelt, the president's widow, and other New Deal liberals who were fighting Irish-dominated Democratic parties, feuded publicly with Church leaders on national policy.
Roosevelt supported reformers trying to overthrow the Irish machine Tammany Hall, and some Catholics called her anti-Catholic.

James Martin (priest, born 1960)

James MartinJim MartinJames J. Martin
According to the Jesuit James Martin the U.S. entertainment industry is of "two minds" about the Catholic Church.
Martin has written about anti-Catholicism in the entertainment industry.

Catholic League (U.S.)

Catholic LeagueCatholic League for Religious and Civil RightsThe Catholic League
The Catholic League, which is not an official organ of the Catholic Church, took offense at her obscenity- and profanity-laced invective against Catholic doctrine and satiric rants against Catholic leaders, including some of her earlier writings, where she described sexual activity of the Holy Spirit and claimed that the Church sought to "justify [its] misogyny with [...] ancient mythology."

Anti-Catholicism

anti-Catholicanti-papistAnti-Popery
Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestants to the American colonies.

Colonial history of the United States

Colonial Americacolonialcolonial period
Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestants to the American colonies.

European wars of religion

Wars of Religionreligious warsEuropean religious wars
The first, derived from the theological heritage of the Protestant Reformation and the European wars of religion (16th-18th century), consisted of the biblical Anti-Christ and the Whore of Babylon variety and dominated anti-Catholic thought until the late seventeenth century.

Historicist interpretations of the Book of Revelation

AntichristPope as AntichristPope with the Antichrist
The first, derived from the theological heritage of the Protestant Reformation and the European wars of religion (16th-18th century), consisted of the biblical Anti-Christ and the Whore of Babylon variety and dominated anti-Catholic thought until the late seventeenth century.

Whore of Babylon

BabylonBabylon the Greatalways belonged to him
The first, derived from the theological heritage of the Protestant Reformation and the European wars of religion (16th-18th century), consisted of the biblical Anti-Christ and the Whore of Babylon variety and dominated anti-Catholic thought until the late seventeenth century.

Xenophobia

xenophobicxenophobexenophobes
The second type was a secular variety which derived in part from xenophobic and ethnocentric nativist sentiments and distrust towards increasing waves of Catholic immigrants, particularly from Ireland, Italy, Poland, Québec, and Mexico.

Ethnocentrism

ethnocentricAnglocentricethnocentricism
The second type was a secular variety which derived in part from xenophobic and ethnocentric nativist sentiments and distrust towards increasing waves of Catholic immigrants, particularly from Ireland, Italy, Poland, Québec, and Mexico.

Nativism (politics)

nativistnativismnativists
The second type was a secular variety which derived in part from xenophobic and ethnocentric nativist sentiments and distrust towards increasing waves of Catholic immigrants, particularly from Ireland, Italy, Poland, Québec, and Mexico.

Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr.

Arthur M. Schlesinger, Sr.Arthur M. SchlesingerArthur Schlesinger Sr.
The historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Sr. characterized prejudice against the Catholics as "the deepest bias in the history of the American people."

Peter Viereck

Viereck, PeterPeter R. ViereckViereck, Peter Robert Edwin
The conservative writer Peter Viereck once commented that (in 1960) "Catholic baiting is the anti-Semitism of the liberals."