Antiemetic

antiemeticsanti-emeticanti-emeticsanti-nauseaanti-nausea medicationnauseareduce nausea and vomitinganti vomitinganti-nausea agentsanti-nausea drugs
An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.wikipedia
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Nausea

nauseousnauseatedvomiting
An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.
Medications taken to prevent and treat nausea are called antiemetics.

Analgesic

analgesiaanalgesicspainkillers
Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer.
Patients starting morphine may experience nausea and vomiting (generally relieved by a short course of antiemetics such as phenergan).

5-HT3 antagonist

5-HT 3 antagonist5-HT 3 receptor antagonist5-HT 3 receptor antagonists
With the notable exceptions of alosetron and cilansetron, which are used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, all 5-HT 3 antagonists are antiemetics, used in the prevention and treatment of nausea and vomiting.

Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalspharmaceutical drug
An antiemetic is a drug that is effective against vomiting and nausea.
Drugs affecting the central nervous system include: Psychedelics, hypnotics, anaesthetics, antipsychotics, eugeroics, antidepressants (including tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, lithium salts, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)), antiemetics, Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics, anxiolytics, barbiturates, movement disorder (e.g., Parkinson's disease) drugs, stimulants (including amphetamines), benzodiazepines, cyclopyrrolones, dopamine antagonists, antihistamines, cholinergics, anticholinergics, emetics, cannabinoids, and 5-HT (serotonin) antagonists.

Granisetron

Kytril
Granisetron is a serotonin 5-HT 3 receptor antagonist used as an antiemetic to treat nausea and vomiting following chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Domperidone

[3H]domperidoneH-domperidone
Domperidone, sold under the brand name Motilium among others, is a medication used as an antiemetic, gastric prokinetic agent, and galactagogue.

Tropisetron

Tropisetron is a serotonin 5-HT 3 receptor antagonist used mainly as an antiemetic to treat nausea and vomiting following chemotherapy, although it has been used experimentally as an analgesic in cases of fibromyalgia.

Dopamine antagonist

antidopaminergicDopamine receptor antagonistdopamine antagonists
Several other dopamine antagonists are antiemetics used in the treatment of nausea and vomiting.

NK1 receptor antagonist

NK 1 receptor antagonistneurokinin-1 receptor antagonistsDiscovery and development of neurokinin 1 receptor antagonists
Neurokinin 1 (NK 1 ) antagonists (-pitants) are a novel class of medications that possesses unique antidepressant, anxiolytic, and antiemetic properties.

Chemotherapy

chemotherapeuticantineoplasticantineoplastic agent
Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer.
These side-effects can frequently be reduced or eliminated with antiemetic drugs.

Serotonin

5-HTserotonergic5-hydroxytryptamine
Several classes of drugs target the 5-HT system, including some antidepressants, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, antiemetics, and antimigraine drugs, as well as the psychedelic drugs and empathogens.

General anaesthetic

general anestheticgeneral anestheticsanesthetic
Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer.

Hyperemesis gravidarum

hyperemesisHyperemesis Graviderumsevere nausea and vomiting
Some antiemetics previously thought to cause birth defects, appear safe for use by pregnant women in the treatment of morning sickness and the more serious hyperemesis gravidarum.
If conservative dietary measures fail, more extensive treatment such as the use of antiemetic medications and intravenous rehydration may be required.

Dolasetron

Anzemet
It does not have much antiemetic effect when symptoms are due to motion sickness.

Morning sickness

nausea and vomiting of pregnancypregnancy sicknessMorning nausea
Some antiemetics previously thought to cause birth defects, appear safe for use by pregnant women in the treatment of morning sickness and the more serious hyperemesis gravidarum.
If morning sickness is a defense mechanism against the ingestion of toxins, the prescribing of anti-nausea medication to pregnant women may have the undesired side effect of causing birth defects or miscarriages by encouraging harmful dietary choices.

Rolapitant

Varubi
Rolapitant is used in combination with other antiemetic (anti-vomiting) agents in adults for the prevention of delayed nausea and vomiting associated with initial and repeat courses of emetogenic cancer chemotherapy, including, but not limited to, highly emetogenic chemotherapy.

Gastroenteritis

stomach flucholera morbusinfectious diarrhea
They may be used for severe cases of gastroenteritis, especially if the patient is dehydrated.
For children at risk of dehydration from vomiting, taking a single dose of the anti vomiting medication metoclopramide or ondansetron, may be helpful, and butylscopolamine is useful in treating abdominal pain.

Alizapride

Alizapride (Litican, Plitican, Superan, Vergentan) is a dopamine antagonist with prokinetic and antiemetic effects used in the treatment of nausea and vomiting, including postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Diphenhydramine

diphenhydramine hydrochlorideNytolDiphenhydramine citrate
Diphenhydramine also has antiemetic properties, which make it useful in treating the nausea that occurs in vertigo and motion sickness.

Dronabinol

MarinolSyndrossynthetic pill form
The International Nonproprietary Name Dronabinol, also known as Marinol and Syndros, is a trade name for a specific form of tetrahydrocannabinol, sold as an appetite stimulant, antiemetic, and sleep apnea reliever.

Motion sickness

seasicknessseasicksea sickness
Antiemetics are typically used to treat motion sickness and the side effects of opioid analgesics, general anaesthetics, and chemotherapy directed against cancer.
Ginger root is commonly thought to be an effective anti-emetic, but it is ineffective in treating motion sickness.

Nabilone

Cesamet
Nabilone, sold under the brand name Cesamet among others, is a synthetic cannabinoid with therapeutic use as an antiemetic and as an adjunct analgesic for neuropathic pain.

Medical cannabis

medical marijuanamedicalmedicinal
Low quality evidence suggests its use for reducing nausea during chemotherapy, improving appetite in HIV/AIDS, improving sleep, and improving tics in Tourette syndrome.

Dimenhydrinate

DramamineGravolNovamine
By combining the antiemetic effects of diphenhydramine with a stimulant, the extreme drowsiness induced by the former could be mitigated somewhat by the latter.

Trimethobenzamide

BenzacotTebamideTigan
Trimethobenzamide (trade names Tebamide, Tigan) is an antiemetic used to prevent nausea and vomiting.