A report on Antiquarian

Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655
"Antiquaries": portraits of 20 influential antiquaries and historians published in Crabb's Universal Historical Dictionary (1825). Featured are: Giraldus Cambrensis, John Leland, Guido Panciroli, John Stow, William Camden, Justus Lipsius, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Johannes Meursius, Hubert Goltzius, Henry Spelman, Charles Patin, Philipp Clüver, William Dugdale, Claudius Salmasius, Friedrich Spanheim, Johann Georg Graevius, Jakob Gronovius, Thomas Hearne, John Strype, and Elias Ashmole.
William Camden (1551–1623), author of the Britannia, wearing the tabard and chain of office of Clarenceux King of Arms. Originally published in the 1695 edition of Britannia.
Pit Mead Roman villa mosaic, illustrations by Catherine Downes, engraved by James Basire and presented to the SAL by Daines Barrington
The Puzzle (1756): etching by John Bowles. In one variation on a recurrent joke, four antiquaries struggle to decipher what seems to be an ancient inscription, but which is in fact a crude memorial in English to Claud Coster, tripe-seller, and his wife. The print is ironically dedicated to "the Penetrating Genius's of Oxford, Cambridge, Eaton, Westminster, and the Learned Society of Antiquarians".
Le Singe Antiquaire (c. 1726) by Jean-Siméon Chardin
Thomas Rowlandson's caricature, Death and the Antiquaries, 1816. A group of antiquaries cluster eagerly around the exhumed corpse of a king, oblivious to the jealous figure of Death aiming his dart at one of them. The image was inspired by the opening of the tomb of Edward I in Westminster Abbey by the Society of Antiquaries in 1774.
The entrance to the premises of the Society of Antiquaries of London, at Burlington House, Piccadilly.

Aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.

- Antiquarian
Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655

67 related topics with Alpha

Overall

English county histories

7 links

English county histories, in other words historical and topographical (or "chorographical") works concerned with individual ancient counties of England, were produced by antiquarians from the late 16th century onwards.

Two archaeologists analyzing artifacts of Strawberry Valley unincorporated community and Forest City ghost town

Archaeology

5 links

Scientific study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

Scientific study of human activity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

Two archaeologists analyzing artifacts of Strawberry Valley unincorporated community and Forest City ghost town
Archaeologists excavating in Rome
An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July 1877
Artifacts discovered at the 1808 Bush Barrow excavation by Sir Richard Colt Hoare and William Cunnington.
Archaeological excavation of a Stone Age settlement at Glamilders in Långbergsöda village, Saltvik, Åland, in 1906.
Mortimer Wheeler pioneered systematic excavation in the early 20th century. Pictured, are his excavations at Maiden Castle, Dorset, in October 1937.
Cast of the skull of the Taung child, uncovered in South Africa. The Child was an infant of the Australopithecus africanus species, an early form of hominin
Monte Albán archaeological site
Inverted kite aerial photo of an excavation of a Roman building at Nesley near Tetbury in Gloucestershire.
Excavations at the 3800-year-old Edgewater Park Site, Iowa
Archaeological excavation that discovered prehistoric caves in Vill (Innsbruck), Austria
An archaeologist sifting for POW remains on Wake Island.
Five of the seven known fossil teeth of Homo luzonensis found in Callao Cave, the Philippines.
Karl von Habsburg, on a Blue Shield International fact-finding mission in Libya
Extensive excavations at Beit She'an, Israel
Permanent exhibition in a German multi-storey car park, explaining the archaeological discoveries made during the construction of this building
Excavations at the site of Gran Dolina, in the Atapuerca Mountains, Spain, 2008
A looter's pit on the morning following its excavation, taken at Rontoy, Huaura Valley, Peru in June 2007. Several small holes left by looters' prospecting probes can be seen, as well as their footprints.

Archaeology developed out of antiquarianism in Europe during the 19th century, and has since become a discipline practiced around the world.

William Camden

William Camden

5 links

William Camden
Hand-coloured frontispiece and title page of the 1607 edition of Britannia
Camden as Clarenceux King of Arms in the funeral procession of Elizabeth I, 1603
Frontispiece and title page of a 1675 edition of the Annales
Camden (by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, 1609)
The William Camden, a pub in Bexleyheath, several miles from Chislehurst, where Camden lived for much of his life

William Camden (2 May 1551 – 9 November 1623) was an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and herald, best known as author of Britannia, the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Annales, the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England.

Monument with effigy of John Stow, Church of St Andrew Undershaft, City of London, with arms of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors and Latin inscription: "Either do things worth writing or write things worth reading"

John Stow

5 links

Monument with effigy of John Stow, Church of St Andrew Undershaft, City of London, with arms of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors and Latin inscription: "Either do things worth writing or write things worth reading"
Stow's Survay of London, 1618 edition
The church of St Andrew Undershaft, London
An 18th-century engraving of Stow's monument

John Stow (also Stowe; 1524/25 – 5 April 1605) was an English historian and antiquarian.

Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist

Chorography

4 links

Art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.

Art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.

Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist
William Camden
Example of Christopher Saxton's cartography
Ferdinand von Richthofen

Camden's Britannia was predominantly concerned with the history and antiquities of Britain, and, probably as a result, the term chorography in English came to be particularly associated with antiquarian texts.

Proposals for an English Academy

4 links

English Academy: some form of learned institution, conceived as having royal backing and a leading role in the intellectual life of the nation.

English Academy: some form of learned institution, conceived as having royal backing and a leading role in the intellectual life of the nation.

The College (or Society) of Antiquaries met from around 1586 to around 1607.

Line engraving by Charles Grignion the Elder (1772), purportedly taken from a bust of John Leland at All Souls College, Oxford. Sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (d. 1762) probably created the original bust.

John Leland (antiquary)

4 links

Line engraving by Charles Grignion the Elder (1772), purportedly taken from a bust of John Leland at All Souls College, Oxford. Sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (d. 1762) probably created the original bust.
John Leland, by Thomas Charles Wageman after Hans Holbein the Younger
Woodcut by Hans Holbein the Younger from Leland's Naenia (1542), showing Sir Thomas Wyatt

John Leland or Leyland (13 September, c. 1503 – 18 April 1552) was an English poet and antiquary.

Portrait of Robert Cotton, commissioned 1626 and attributed to Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen

Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington

3 links

Portrait of Robert Cotton, commissioned 1626 and attributed to Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen
A bust of Robert Cotton by Louis-François Roubiliac
Robert Cotton in 1629, the year that he was forced to close the Cotton library by Charles I because the content within the library was believed to be harmful to the interests of the Royalists
Cotton Nero A.x.

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, 1st Baronet (22 January 1570/1 – 6 May 1631) of Conington Hall in the parish of Conington in Huntingdonshire, England, was a Member of Parliament and an antiquarian who founded the Cotton library.

John Aubrey

3 links

Part of the southern inner ring at Avebury
An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July 1877

John Aubrey (12 March 1626 – 7 June 1697) was an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer.

Elias Ashmole by an unknown artist (detail), c. 1688, after the portrait by John Riley, below

Elias Ashmole

2 links

Elias Ashmole by an unknown artist (detail), c. 1688, after the portrait by John Riley, below
Ashmole's birthplace in Lichfield
Elias Ashmole by William Faithorne, 1656
Frontispiece to Ashmole's translation of Fasciculus Chemicus
Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (1652), Ashmole's annotated compilation of alchemical poems in English
George Ripley's Wheel, from Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum, 1652
Elias Ashmole wearing a tabard as Windsor Herald, painted by Cornelis de Neve in 1664
Ashmole's coat of arms is here shown in the first and last quarters of the shield. His crest placed the god Mercury between the twin constellation of Gemini (here used as supporters).
Elias Ashmole by John Riley, c. 1683
The Old Ashmolean Building, now the Museum of the History of Science
The main entrance of the current Ashmolean Museum building

Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was an English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy.