Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655
Elias Ashmole by an unknown artist (detail), c. 1688, after the portrait by John Riley, below
"Antiquaries": portraits of 20 influential antiquaries and historians published in Crabb's Universal Historical Dictionary (1825). Featured are: Giraldus Cambrensis, John Leland, Guido Panciroli, John Stow, William Camden, Justus Lipsius, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Johannes Meursius, Hubert Goltzius, Henry Spelman, Charles Patin, Philipp Clüver, William Dugdale, Claudius Salmasius, Friedrich Spanheim, Johann Georg Graevius, Jakob Gronovius, Thomas Hearne, John Strype, and Elias Ashmole.
Ashmole's birthplace in Lichfield
William Camden (1551–1623), author of the Britannia, wearing the tabard and chain of office of Clarenceux King of Arms. Originally published in the 1695 edition of Britannia.
Elias Ashmole by William Faithorne, 1656
Pit Mead Roman villa mosaic, illustrations by Catherine Downes, engraved by James Basire and presented to the SAL by Daines Barrington
Frontispiece to Ashmole's translation of Fasciculus Chemicus
The Puzzle (1756): etching by John Bowles. In one variation on a recurrent joke, four antiquaries struggle to decipher what seems to be an ancient inscription, but which is in fact a crude memorial in English to Claud Coster, tripe-seller, and his wife. The print is ironically dedicated to "the Penetrating Genius's of Oxford, Cambridge, Eaton, Westminster, and the Learned Society of Antiquarians".
Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (1652), Ashmole's annotated compilation of alchemical poems in English
Le Singe Antiquaire (c. 1726) by Jean-Siméon Chardin
George Ripley's Wheel, from Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum, 1652
Thomas Rowlandson's caricature, Death and the Antiquaries, 1816. A group of antiquaries cluster eagerly around the exhumed corpse of a king, oblivious to the jealous figure of Death aiming his dart at one of them. The image was inspired by the opening of the tomb of Edward I in Westminster Abbey by the Society of Antiquaries in 1774.
Elias Ashmole wearing a tabard as Windsor Herald, painted by Cornelis de Neve in 1664
The entrance to the premises of the Society of Antiquaries of London, at Burlington House, Piccadilly.
Ashmole's coat of arms is here shown in the first and last quarters of the shield. His crest placed the god Mercury between the twin constellation of Gemini (here used as supporters).
Elias Ashmole by John Riley, c. 1683
The Old Ashmolean Building, now the Museum of the History of Science
The main entrance of the current Ashmolean Museum building

Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was an English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy.

- Elias Ashmole

The importance placed on lineage in early modern Europe meant that antiquarianism was often closely associated with genealogy, and a number of prominent antiquaries (including Robert Glover, William Camden, William Dugdale and Elias Ashmole) held office as professional heralds.

- Antiquarian
Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655

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William Dugdale

Sir William Dugdale of Blyth Hall in 1656: an etching by Wenceslaus Hollar
Portrait of Sir William Dugdale by Silvester Harding

Sir William Dugdale (12 September 1605 – 10 February 1686) was an English antiquary and herald.

It was during these years that he met Elias Ashmole, who later became his son-in-law.