Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655
William Camden
"Antiquaries": portraits of 20 influential antiquaries and historians published in Crabb's Universal Historical Dictionary (1825). Featured are: Giraldus Cambrensis, John Leland, Guido Panciroli, John Stow, William Camden, Justus Lipsius, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Johannes Meursius, Hubert Goltzius, Henry Spelman, Charles Patin, Philipp Clüver, William Dugdale, Claudius Salmasius, Friedrich Spanheim, Johann Georg Graevius, Jakob Gronovius, Thomas Hearne, John Strype, and Elias Ashmole.
Hand-coloured frontispiece and title page of the 1607 edition of Britannia
William Camden (1551–1623), author of the Britannia, wearing the tabard and chain of office of Clarenceux King of Arms. Originally published in the 1695 edition of Britannia.
Pit Mead Roman villa mosaic, illustrations by Catherine Downes, engraved by James Basire and presented to the SAL by Daines Barrington
Camden as Clarenceux King of Arms in the funeral procession of Elizabeth I, 1603
The Puzzle (1756): etching by John Bowles. In one variation on a recurrent joke, four antiquaries struggle to decipher what seems to be an ancient inscription, but which is in fact a crude memorial in English to Claud Coster, tripe-seller, and his wife. The print is ironically dedicated to "the Penetrating Genius's of Oxford, Cambridge, Eaton, Westminster, and the Learned Society of Antiquarians".
Frontispiece and title page of a 1675 edition of the Annales
Le Singe Antiquaire (c. 1726) by Jean-Siméon Chardin
Camden (by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger, 1609)
Thomas Rowlandson's caricature, Death and the Antiquaries, 1816. A group of antiquaries cluster eagerly around the exhumed corpse of a king, oblivious to the jealous figure of Death aiming his dart at one of them. The image was inspired by the opening of the tomb of Edward I in Westminster Abbey by the Society of Antiquaries in 1774.
The William Camden, a pub in Bexleyheath, several miles from Chislehurst, where Camden lived for much of his life
The entrance to the premises of the Society of Antiquaries of London, at Burlington House, Piccadilly.

William Camden (2 May 1551 – 9 November 1623) was an English antiquarian, historian, topographer, and herald, best known as author of Britannia, the first chorographical survey of the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, and the Annales, the first detailed historical account of the reign of Elizabeth I of England.

- William Camden

The importance placed on lineage in early modern Europe meant that antiquarianism was often closely associated with genealogy, and a number of prominent antiquaries (including Robert Glover, William Camden, William Dugdale and Elias Ashmole) held office as professional heralds.

- Antiquarian
Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655

5 related topics

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Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist

Chorography

Art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.

Art of describing or mapping a region or district, and by extension such a description or map.

Ptolemy as imagined by a 16th-century artist
William Camden
Example of Christopher Saxton's cartography
Ferdinand von Richthofen

The most influential example (at least in Britain) was probably William Camden's Britannia (first edition 1586), which described itself on its title page as a Chorographica descriptio.

Camden's Britannia was predominantly concerned with the history and antiquities of Britain, and, probably as a result, the term chorography in English came to be particularly associated with antiquarian texts.

A 16th- or 17th-century portrait of Lambarde by an unidentified artist

William Lambarde

A 16th- or 17th-century portrait of Lambarde by an unidentified artist
Title page of the first authorized edition of Lambarde's Archeion (1635)

William Lambarde (18 October 1536 – 19 August 1601) was an English antiquarian, writer on legal subjects, and politician.

Lambarde considered writing a similar work for all of Britain, but he set the idea aside when he learned that William Camden was already working on the same project.

Portrait of Robert Cotton, commissioned 1626 and attributed to Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen

Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington

Portrait of Robert Cotton, commissioned 1626 and attributed to Cornelis Janssens van Ceulen
A bust of Robert Cotton by Louis-François Roubiliac
Robert Cotton in 1629, the year that he was forced to close the Cotton library by Charles I because the content within the library was believed to be harmful to the interests of the Royalists
Cotton Nero A.x.

Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, 1st Baronet (22 January 1570/1 – 6 May 1631) of Conington Hall in the parish of Conington in Huntingdonshire, England, was a Member of Parliament and an antiquarian who founded the Cotton library.

Cotton was educated at Westminster School where he was a pupil of the antiquarian William Camden, under whose influence he began to study antiquarian topics.

Monument with effigy of John Stow, Church of St Andrew Undershaft, City of London, with arms of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors and Latin inscription: "Either do things worth writing or write things worth reading"

John Stow

Monument with effigy of John Stow, Church of St Andrew Undershaft, City of London, with arms of the Worshipful Company of Merchant Taylors and Latin inscription: "Either do things worth writing or write things worth reading"
Stow's Survay of London, 1618 edition
The church of St Andrew Undershaft, London
An 18th-century engraving of Stow's monument

John Stow (also Stowe; 1524/25 – 5 April 1605) was an English historian and antiquarian.

Stow was in close contact with many of the leading antiquarians of his day, including Archbishop Matthew Parker, John Joscelyn, John Dee, William Fleetwood, William Lambarde, Robert Glover, Henry Savile, William Camden, Henry Ferrers and Thomas Hatcher.

Line engraving by Charles Grignion the Elder (1772), purportedly taken from a bust of John Leland at All Souls College, Oxford. Sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (d. 1762) probably created the original bust.

John Leland (antiquary)

Line engraving by Charles Grignion the Elder (1772), purportedly taken from a bust of John Leland at All Souls College, Oxford. Sculptor Louis François Roubiliac (d. 1762) probably created the original bust.
John Leland, by Thomas Charles Wageman after Hans Holbein the Younger
Woodcut by Hans Holbein the Younger from Leland's Naenia (1542), showing Sir Thomas Wyatt

John Leland or Leyland (13 September, c. 1503 – 18 April 1552) was an English poet and antiquary.

Although Leland's Itinerary notes remained unpublished until the eighteenth century, they provided a significant quarry of data and descriptions for William Camden's Britannia (first edition, 1586), and many other antiquarian works.