Antiquarian

Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655
"Antiquaries": portraits of 20 influential antiquaries and historians published in Crabb's Universal Historical Dictionary (1825). Featured are: Giraldus Cambrensis, John Leland, Guido Panciroli, John Stow, William Camden, Justus Lipsius, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Johannes Meursius, Hubert Goltzius, Henry Spelman, Charles Patin, Philipp Clüver, William Dugdale, Claudius Salmasius, Friedrich Spanheim, Johann Georg Graevius, Jakob Gronovius, Thomas Hearne, John Strype, and Elias Ashmole.
William Camden (1551–1623), author of the Britannia, wearing the tabard and chain of office of Clarenceux King of Arms. Originally published in the 1695 edition of Britannia.
Pit Mead Roman villa mosaic, illustrations by Catherine Downes, engraved by James Basire and presented to the SAL by Daines Barrington
The Puzzle (1756): etching by John Bowles. In one variation on a recurrent joke, four antiquaries struggle to decipher what seems to be an ancient inscription, but which is in fact a crude memorial in English to Claud Coster, tripe-seller, and his wife. The print is ironically dedicated to "the Penetrating Genius's of Oxford, Cambridge, Eaton, Westminster, and the Learned Society of Antiquarians".
Le Singe Antiquaire (c. 1726) by Jean-Siméon Chardin
Thomas Rowlandson's caricature, Death and the Antiquaries, 1816. A group of antiquaries cluster eagerly around the exhumed corpse of a king, oblivious to the jealous figure of Death aiming his dart at one of them. The image was inspired by the opening of the tomb of Edward I in Westminster Abbey by the Society of Antiquaries in 1774.
The entrance to the premises of the Society of Antiquaries of London, at Burlington House, Piccadilly.

Aficionado or student of antiquities or things of the past.

- Antiquarian
Ole Worm's cabinet of curiosities, from Museum Wormianum, 1655

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John Aubrey

Part of the southern inner ring at Avebury
An early photograph of Stonehenge taken July 1877

John Aubrey (12 March 1626 – 7 June 1697) was an English antiquary, natural philosopher and writer.

The Lindisfarne Gospels are but one of the treasures collected by Sir Robert Cotton. They are now in the British Library.

Cotton library

The Lindisfarne Gospels are but one of the treasures collected by Sir Robert Cotton. They are now in the British Library.
The Cotton Genesis was badly damaged in the Ashburnam House fire.

The Cotton or Cottonian library is a collection of manuscripts once owned by Sir Robert Bruce Cotton MP (1571–1631), an antiquarian and bibliophile.

Walpole by Sir Joshua Reynolds 1756

Horace Walpole

Walpole by Sir Joshua Reynolds 1756
Walpole by Jonathan Richardson, 1735.
Walpole by Rosalba Carriera, c. 1741.
Strawberry Hill House
Horace Walpole by John Giles Eccardt, c. 1755.
Horace Walpole by Sir Thomas Lawrence, c. 1795
Portrait of George Montagu by John Giles Eccardt after Jean-Baptiste van Loo (c. 1713–1780)
Peterborough Museum and Art Gallery
A close friend and correspondent of Horace Walpole

Horatio Walpole , 4th Earl of Orford (24 September 1717 – 2 March 1797), better known as Horace Walpole, was an English writer, art historian, man of letters, antiquarian and Whig politician.

Elias Ashmole by an unknown artist (detail), c. 1688, after the portrait by John Riley, below

Elias Ashmole

Elias Ashmole by an unknown artist (detail), c. 1688, after the portrait by John Riley, below
Ashmole's birthplace in Lichfield
Elias Ashmole by William Faithorne, 1656
Frontispiece to Ashmole's translation of Fasciculus Chemicus
Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum (1652), Ashmole's annotated compilation of alchemical poems in English
George Ripley's Wheel, from Theatrum Chemicum Britannicum, 1652
Elias Ashmole wearing a tabard as Windsor Herald, painted by Cornelis de Neve in 1664
Ashmole's coat of arms is here shown in the first and last quarters of the shield. His crest placed the god Mercury between the twin constellation of Gemini (here used as supporters).
Elias Ashmole by John Riley, c. 1683
The Old Ashmolean Building, now the Museum of the History of Science
The main entrance of the current Ashmolean Museum building

Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was an English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy.

Text of manuscript title page for The History of King Richard the Third, by Sir George Buck (1619)

George Buck

Sir George Buck (or Buc) (c.

Sir George Buck (or Buc) (c.

Text of manuscript title page for The History of King Richard the Third, by Sir George Buck (1619)
Title page to corrupted version of Buck's History, misappropriated and published 1647 (2nd issue) by Buck's great-nephew

1560October 1622) was an English antiquarian, historian, scholar and author, who served as a Member of Parliament, government envoy to Queen Elizabeth I and Master of the Revels to King James I of England.

Portrait of Hearne, taken from “The Life Of Anthony à Wood” by Anthony Wood (1772)

Thomas Hearne (antiquarian)

Portrait of Hearne, taken from “The Life Of Anthony à Wood” by Anthony Wood (1772)

Thomas Hearne or Hearn (Latin: Thomas Hearnius, July 1678 – 10 June 1735) was an English diarist and prolific antiquary, particularly remembered for his published editions of many medieval English chronicles and other important historical texts.

George Vertue, portrait by Jonathan Richardson (1733).

George Vertue

George Vertue, portrait by Jonathan Richardson (1733).
The Gate at Whitehall (Holbein Gate) in Vetusta Monumenta Vol.1, 1747 (1826).

George Vertue (1684 – 24 July 1756) was an English engraver and antiquary, whose notebooks on British art of the first half of the 18th century are a valuable source for the period.

Title page of Jean Mabillon's De re diplomatica (1681)

Diplomatics

Scholarly discipline centred on the critical analysis of documents: especially, historical documents.

Scholarly discipline centred on the critical analysis of documents: especially, historical documents.

Title page of Jean Mabillon's De re diplomatica (1681)
Title page of Volume 4 of Tassin and Toustain's Nouveau traité de diplomatique (1759)

Diplomatic techniques were further developed as part of a wider battery of antiquarian skills during the Reformation and Counter-Reformation eras.

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 2nd Baronet

Sir Richard Hoare, 2nd Baronet

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 2nd Baronet
Monument to Sir Richard Colt Hoare in Salisbury Cathedral

Sir Richard Colt Hoare, 2nd Baronet FRS (9 December 1758 – 19 May 1838) was an English antiquarian, archaeologist, artist, and traveller of the 18th and 19th centuries, the first major figure in the detailed study of the history of his home county of Wiltshire.

William Dugdale

Sir William Dugdale of Blyth Hall in 1656: an etching by Wenceslaus Hollar
Portrait of Sir William Dugdale by Silvester Harding

Sir William Dugdale (12 September 1605 – 10 February 1686) was an English antiquary and herald.