Antonio Stradivari

StradivariAntonio StradivariusStradivariusgolden periodStradStradivarius violin
Antonio Stradivari (, also, ; 1644 – 18 December 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps.wikipedia
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Violin

violinsfiddleviolinist
Antonio Stradivari (, also, ; 1644 – 18 December 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps.
Violinists and collectors particularly prize the fine historical instruments made by the Stradivari, Guarneri, Guadagnini and Amati families from the 16th to the 18th century in Brescia and Cremona (Italy) and by Jacob Stainer in Austria.

Cremona

CremoneseCremona, Italy Cremonese
Stradivari's ancestry consisted of notable citizens of Cremona, dating back to at least the 12th or 13th century.
The city of Cremona is especially noted for its musical history and traditions, including some of the earliest and most renowned luthiers, such as Giuseppe Guarneri, Antonio Stradivari, Francesco Rugeri, Vincenzo Rugeri, and several members of the Amati family.

Stradivarius

StradivariStradivarius violinStradivari violin
The Latinized form of his surname, Stradivarius, as well as the colloquial Strad are terms often used to refer to his instruments.
A Stradivarius is one of the violins, violas, cellos and other string instruments built by members of the Italian family Stradivari, particularly Antonio Stradivari (Latin: Antonius Stradivarius), during the 17th and 18th centuries.

Hellier Stradivarius

HellierStradivarius named after them
Some of his early violins were smaller, with notable exception to this is the 1679 Hellier violin, which had much larger proportions.
The Hellier Stradivarius of circa 1679 is a violin made by Antonio Stradivari of Cremona, Italy.

Guarneri

GuarneriusGuarneri familyAndrea Guarneri
The residence was just doors away from those of several other violin-making families of Cremona, including the Amatis and Guarneris.
The Guarneri (, also, ), often referred to in the Latinized form Guarnerius, is the family name of a group of distinguished luthiers from Cremona in Italy in the 17th and 18th centuries, whose standing is considered comparable to those of the Amati and Stradivari families.

Nicola Amati

Nicolò AmatiNicolo AmatiAmati
Stradivari likely began an apprenticeship with Nicola Amati between the ages of 12 and 14, although a minor debate surrounds this fact. The Cremonese maker Vincenzo Rugeri (1663–1719), while staying true to the Grand Amati Pattern by Nicolo Amati, was influenced by Stradivari in that he adopted a somewhat lower arch consistent with Stradivarian ideals.
While no clear documentation exists for being apprentices in his shop, Amati may have also apprenticed Antonio Stradivari, Francesco Rugeri, and Jacob Stainer as their work is heavily influenced by Amati.

Luthier

luthiersviolin makerlutherie
Antonio Stradivari (, also, ; 1644 – 18 December 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps.
His son Nicolò (1596–1684) was himself an important master luthier who had several apprentices of note, including Antonio Stradivari (probably), Andrea Guarneri, Bartolomeo Pasta, Jacob Railich, Giovanni Battista Rogeri, Matthias Klotz, and possibly Jacob Stainer and Francesco Rugeri.

Giovanni Battista Guadagnini

GuadagniniJ.B. GuadagniniJoannes Baptista Guadagnini
Having acquired many Strads from Paolo Stradivari, Count Cozio commissioned Giovanni Battista Guadagnini to make some replicas of the instruments.
He is widely considered the third greatest maker after Antonio Stradivari and Giuseppe Guarneri "del Gesù".

Francesco Rugeri

Francesco RuggeriFrancesco RuggieriRugeri
Some researchers believe there is a closer educational association between Antonio Stradivari and Francesco Rugeri than has previously been recognized.
Antonio Stradivari's name never appears in the census records of the Amati household even though he was also a possible pupil of Nicolò Amati and may have lived and boarded with his own family.

Giuseppe Guarneri

Guarneri del GesuGiuseppe Guarneri del GesùGuarneri del Gesù
Only one other maker, Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesù, commands a similar respect among violinists.
He rivals Antonio Stradivari (1644–1737) with regard to the respect and reverence accorded his instruments, and for many prominent players and collectors his instruments are the most coveted of all.

Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume

Jean Baptiste VuillaumeVuillaumeJ. B. Vuillume
Well into the 19th century, Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume, the leading French luthier of his time, also made many important copies of Strads and Guarneris.
He drew his inspiration from two violin makers and their instruments: Antonio Stradivari and his "Le Messie" (Messiah), and Giuseppe Guarneri del Gesù and his "Il Cannone" which belonged to Niccolò Paganini; others such as Maggini, Da Salò and Nicola Amati were also imitated, but to a lesser extent.

House of Moroni

Moroni
Antonio's parents were Alessandro Stradivari, son of Giulio Cesare Stradivari, and Anna Moroni, daughter of Leonardo Moroni.

Davidov Stradivarius

Davidov
Yo-Yo Ma uses the Davidov Stradivarius, Julian Lloyd Webber employs the Barjansky Stradivarius, and, until his death in 2007, Mstislav Rostropovich played on the Duport Stradivarius.
The Davidov Stradivarius (also: Davidoff or Davydov; Давыдов), is an antique cello made in 1712 by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona, Italy.

Barjansky Stradivarius

Barjansky
Yo-Yo Ma uses the Davidov Stradivarius, Julian Lloyd Webber employs the Barjansky Stradivarius, and, until his death in 2007, Mstislav Rostropovich played on the Duport Stradivarius.
The Barjansky Stradivarius of c.1690 is an antique cello fabricated by the Italian Cremonese luthier Antonio Stradivari (1644-1737).

Omobono Stradivari

They remained in the house until 1680, during which time they had four more children: Catterina, Francesco, Alessandro, and Omobono Stradivari, as well as an infant son who lived for only a week.
Omobono Stradivari (November 14, 1679 – June 8, 1742) was a violin maker and the sixth son of the famous Antonio Stradivari.

Cello

cellistvioloncellocellos
Antonio Stradivari (, also, ; 1644 – 18 December 1737) was an Italian luthier and a crafter of string instruments such as violins, cellos, guitars, violas, and harps.
The cellos of Stradivari, for example, can be clearly divided into two models: the style made before 1702, characterized by larger instruments (of which only three exist in their original size and configuration), and the style made during and after 1707, when Stradivari began making smaller cellos.

Soil Stradivarius

Soil
The Soil of 1714 is owned by virtuoso Itzhak Perlman.
The Soil Stradivarius (pronounced ) of 1714 is an antique violin made by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona (1644–1737).

Vincenzo Rugeri

The Cremonese maker Vincenzo Rugeri (1663–1719), while staying true to the Grand Amati Pattern by Nicolo Amati, was influenced by Stradivari in that he adopted a somewhat lower arch consistent with Stradivarian ideals.
Vincenzo's work, like Francesco's, is influenced by Nicolò Amati's Grand Pattern model, however Vincenzo's work was distinguished from his father's by utilizing a lower arch inspired by Antonio Stradivari.

Duport Stradivarius

Duport
Yo-Yo Ma uses the Davidov Stradivarius, Julian Lloyd Webber employs the Barjansky Stradivarius, and, until his death in 2007, Mstislav Rostropovich played on the Duport Stradivarius.
The Duport Stradivarius is a cello made in 1711 by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona.

Amati

AMATI FAMILYAmatisAmati cello
The residence was just doors away from those of several other violin-making families of Cremona, including the Amatis and Guarneris.
Of his pupils, the most famous were Antonio Stradivari and Andrea Guarneri, the first of the Guarneri family of violin makers.

Molitor Stradivarius

MolitorThe Molitor
On 14 October 2010, a 1697 Stradivari violin known as "The Molitor" was sold online by Tarisio Auctions for a world-record price of $3,600,000 to violinist Anne Akiko Meyers: at the time its price was the highest for any musical instrument sold at auction.
The Molitor Stradivarius is an antique violin made by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona in 1697, the very beginning of the maker's celebrated "Golden" period.

Solomon, ex-Lambert Stradivarius

Solomon, ex-Lambert
On 2 April 2007, Christie's sold a Stradivari violin, the 1729 Solomon, Ex-Lambert, for more than $2.7 million to an anonymous bidder in the auction house's fine musical instruments sale.
The Solomon, Ex-Lambert Stradivarius of 1729 is a violin fabricated by Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona (1644–1737).

Lady Blunt Stradivarius

Lady BluntLady Blunt" violin
On 21 June 2011, the Lady Blunt Stradivarius, a 1721 violin, was auctioned by Tarisio to an anonymous bidder for almost £10 million, with all proceeds going to help the victims of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami.
The Lady Blunt is a Stradivarius violin made in 1721 by the renowned Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari.

Gagliano family

Alessandro GaglianoGaglianoJanuarius Gagliano
Members of the Gagliano family such as Gennaro and Nicolo made excellent copies of the instruments in the 1740s, though the only similarity to Stradivari's instruments were the execution of the form and arching as well as consistently fine and detailed varnish.
As a youth, Alessandro worked in the shops of famed luthiers Nicolo Amati and Antonio Stradivari.

Lady Tennant Stradivarius

Lady TennantLady Tennant; Lafont
A record price paid at a public auction for a Stradivari was $2,032,000 for the Lady Tennant at Christie's in New York, April 2005.
The Lady of Tennant-Lafont Stradivarius is an antique violin made by the Italian luthier Antonio Stradivari of Cremona in 1699, one year before the beginning of his so-called 'golden' period.