Antonio de Torres Jurado

Antonio Torres JuradoAntonio de TorresTorresAntonio Torres
Antonio de Torres Jurado (b. 13 June 1817 in Almería, Andalucía – d. 19 November 1892) was a Spanish guitarist and luthier, and "the most important Spanish guitar maker of the 19th century."wikipedia
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Classical guitar

Spanish guitargut string guitarclassical
It is with his designs that the first recognisably modern classical guitars are to be seen.
Today's modern classical guitar was established by the late designs of the 19th-century Spanish luthier, Antonio Torres Jurado.

Luthier

luthiersviolin makerlutherie
13 June 1817 in Almería, Andalucía – d. 19 November 1892) was a Spanish guitarist and luthier, and "the most important Spanish guitar maker of the 19th century."
Antonio Torres Jurado is credited with developing the form of classical guitar still in use today.

Acoustic guitar

acousticacoustic guitarsguitar
Most acoustic guitars in use today are derivatives of his designs.
Finally, circa 1850, the form and structure of the modern Guitar is credited to Spanish guitar maker Antonio Torres Jurado, who increased the size of the guitar body, altered its proportions, and invented the breakthrough fan-braced pattern.

Julián Arcas

Julian Arcas
Although he made some guitars during the 1840s, it was not until the 1850s on the advice of the renowned guitarist and composer Julián Arcas, that Torres made it his profession, and he began building in earnest.
Julián Arcas (1832 – 16 February 1882) was a Spanish classical guitarist and composer, who influenced Francisco Tárrega and Antonio de Torres.

Francisco Tárrega

Francisco TarregaTárregaTarrega
Shortly after, Torres met Francisco Tárrega for the first time.
He had brought along with him a recently purchased guitar, made in Seville by Antonio de Torres.

Almería

AlmeriaAlmería, SpainAlmeria, Spain
13 June 1817 in Almería, Andalucía – d. 19 November 1892) was a Spanish guitarist and luthier, and "the most important Spanish guitar maker of the 19th century."

Andalusia

AndaluciaAndalucíaAndalusian
13 June 1817 in Almería, Andalucía – d. 19 November 1892) was a Spanish guitarist and luthier, and "the most important Spanish guitar maker of the 19th century."

Guitarist

guitarguitar playerguitarists
13 June 1817 in Almería, Andalucía – d. 19 November 1892) was a Spanish guitarist and luthier, and "the most important Spanish guitar maker of the 19th century."

Carpentry

carpentercarpentershousewright
As was common, when he was 12 he started an apprenticeship as a carpenter.

Shopkeeper

StorekeeperShop keepermanage shops
As only single men and widowers without children were subject to conscription, in 1835 his family pushed Torres into a hastily arranged marriage to Juana María López, the 13-year-old daughter of a shopkeeper.

Tuberculosis

consumptionpulmonary tuberculosisTB
In 1845 his wife died at the age of 23, of tuberculosis.

Granada

Granada, SpainElviraGrenada
Although there is some debate as to who taught Torres, one theory is that some time around 1842, Torres may have gone to work for José Pernas in Granada, rapidly learning to build guitars.

Seville

Seville, SpainSevillaSevilla, Spain
He soon returned to Seville, and opened a shop on the Calle de Cerrajería No. 7 that he shared with Manuel Soto y Solares.

Sounding board

testersoundboardabat-voix
Torres reasoned that the soundboard was key.

Barcelona

Barcelona, Spaincity of BarcelonaBarcelona, Catalonia
Tárrega, who was then aged seventeen, had come to Seville from Barcelona to buy a Torres guitar from the maker of Julián Arcas' instrument.

Spain

SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
The guitars Torres made were so superior to those of his contemporaries that their example changed the way guitars were built, first in Spain, and then in the rest of the world.

The Romeros

Museu de la Música de Barcelona

Music Museum of BarcelonaMuseu de la MúsicaBarcelona Music Museum

List of compositions for guitar

The romantic guitar eventually led to a different type of guitar in Spain: the fan-braced Spanish guitars of Torres, which may be seen as the immediate precursor of the modern classical guitar.

Romantic guitar

Early Romantic guitarEarly romantic guitars
The romantic guitar eventually led to Antonio de Torres Jurado's fan-braced Spanish guitars, the immediate precursors of the modern classical guitar.