A report on Antonov An-124 Ruslan

An An-124 of 224th Flight Unit
Antonov An-124 Rusłan preparing to land at Wroclaw-Strachowice airport
Polet Airlines An-124 cockpit
An-124 during unloading of an Atlas V rocket main stage
Mobile air traffic control tower loaded onto an An-124 to Haiti
The Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle "Mystic" being loaded at Naval Air Station North Island, California, United States
Volga-Dnepr Antonov An-124-100M-150 with nose door open at MAKS 2005, Moscow – Zhukovskiy; Cubana de Aviación Ilyushin Il-96 in background
224th Flight Unit An-124 inflight with 2 Sukhoi Su-27s of the Falcons of Russia at the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade
A Volga-Dnepr An-124-100
AN-124 of Antonov Airlines at Long Beach Airport. Cargo: composite parts for Airbus A350 XWB.
An-124 of Maximus Air Cargo at Brno–Tuřany Airport
Three sides view
Payload-range diagram

Large, strategic airlift, four-engined aircraft that was designed in the 1980s by the Antonov design bureau in the Ukrainian SSR, then part of the Soviet Union (USSR).

- Antonov An-124 Ruslan
An An-124 of 224th Flight Unit

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The An-225 in its 2012 livery

Antonov An-225 Mriya

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Strategic airlift cargo aircraft designed in the 1980s by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.

Strategic airlift cargo aircraft designed in the 1980s by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Soviet Union.

The An-225 in its 2012 livery
The An-225 in its 2012 livery
The An-225 carrying Buran (1.01) in 1989
The An-225 at Farnborough in 1990
Three of six Ivchenko Progress D-18T turbofan engines on the An-225
The An-225's main landing gear
The nose gear on the An-225
The Antonov Airlines An-225 landing at Hostomel Airport, 2014
An image believed to show the An-225 Mriya ablaze in its hangar
Wreckage of the An-225 Mriya, showing its collapsed forward end and remaining wing
Hostomel Partially Cleaned
When at altitude, the An-225 had distinctive sextuple contrails

It was originally developed as an enlargement of the Antonov An-124 to transport Buran-class orbiters, and only one example was ever completed.

Antonov

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Antonov State Enterprise (Державне підприємство «Антонов»), formerly the Aeronautical Scientific-Technical Complex named after Antonov (Antonov ASTC) (Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова, [АНТК ім.

Antonov State Enterprise (Державне підприємство «Антонов»), formerly the Aeronautical Scientific-Technical Complex named after Antonov (Antonov ASTC) (Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова, [АНТК ім.

Antonov An-2, mass-produced Soviet utility aeroplane.
An-12, Cold War-era tactical transport, in flight
47-year-old An-12 still in operational condition in 2011
Antonov An-24, the Soviet Union's most common regional airliner
An-225 was the largest operative aircraft in the world.
Rollout of the first serially-produced An-148 at Antonov's hangar in Kyiv, 2009. An An-124 under maintenance seen in the far corner of the hangar.
Antonov/Taqnia An-132 roll out ceremony in Kyiv, 20 December 2016
LT-10 tram
Kyiv-12 trolley bus
Antonov A-15 in Czech markings

The An-124 "Ruslan" (1982) became the Soviet Union's mass-produced strategic airlifter under the leadership of Chief Designer Viktor Tolmachev.

Volga-Dnepr Airlines

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Airline based in Ulyanovsk, Russia.

Airline based in Ulyanovsk, Russia.

Volga-Dnepr An-124 at Moffett Federal Airfield transporting California Air National Guard (ANG) helicopters to Afghanistan
A Volga-Dnepr Ilyushin IL-76TD-90VD cargo transporter at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City.
An Antonov An-124 Ruslan of Volga-Dnepr in the taxiway of Shahjalal International Airport, Bangladesh. Another one can be seen in the background
Unloading of an Atlas V rocket main stage at Cape Canaveral
OneWeb satellites being unloaded at Kourou

It specializes in providing air charter services by operating a unique fleet of twelve Antonov An-124 (largest production cargo aircraft), five Boeing 747-8F and five IL-76TD-90VD (Stage IV) ramp all cargo aircraft certified for global operations.

A United States Air Force C-5 in flight

Lockheed C-5 Galaxy

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Large military transport aircraft designed and built by Lockheed, and now maintained and upgraded by its successor, Lockheed Martin.

Large military transport aircraft designed and built by Lockheed, and now maintained and upgraded by its successor, Lockheed Martin.

A United States Air Force C-5 in flight
A United States Air Force C-5 in flight
The fourth C-5A Galaxy 66-8306 in the 1980s European One color scheme
A Galaxy undergoing the AMP and RERP upgrades, to become a C-5M
Lockheed C-5 Galaxy loading on a wet ramp in Bush Field, Georgia
JCB HMEE backhoe loader stowed inside a C-5. The C-5 loadmasters ensure cargo is secured and balanced before takeoff.
Loading an M1A1 Abrams tank onto a C-5 Galaxy
C-5A Minuteman Air Mobile ICBM Feasibility Demonstration – 24 October 1974
Personnel unload cargo from a C-5 Galaxy at Pegasus Field, an ice runway near McMurdo Station, Antarctica, in 1989
A C-5 taking off from Robins AFB
Instrument panel of a C-5A
New C-5 cockpit avionics, installed under the Avionics Modernization Program
People in line to enter the 445th Airlift Wing's first C-5A Galaxy in 2005
C-5B Galaxy at Rhein-Main AB
A C-5 landing a Québec City Jean Lesage International Airport (CYQB)
A Boeing KC-46 Pegasus refuels a C-5M Galaxy from Travis AFB over California, Apr. 2019
Loading a Mystic-class deep-submergence rescue vehicle onto a C-5 Galaxy
Loading a Super Stallion on a C-5A
C-5A after crash landing at Shemya AFB, Alaska, July 1983
Emergency responders at the scene of a C-5B crash at Dover AFB, Delaware, April 2006
The flight deck from the C-5B crash at Dover AFB in April 2006 being loaded into another C-5
Drawing lines
A detail of the C-5's nose assembly raised for loading and unloading.
A General Electric TF39 turbofan engine
Unloading one of two Chinook helicopters from a C-5M Super Galaxy

In contrast, the Soviet Union chose to transport its shuttles using the high-winged An-225, which derived from the An-124, which is similar in design and function to the C-5.

Antonov Airlines

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Ukrainian cargo airline, a division of the Antonov aviation company.

Ukrainian cargo airline, a division of the Antonov aviation company.

Antonov Airlines Antonov An-22
Antonov Airlines Antonov An-74
Antonov Airlines Antonov An-124

The airline was established and started operations in 1989 through a marketing agent agreement with Air Foyle to market Antonov An-124 Ruslan cargo charters worldwide.

The retractable main landing gear of a Boeing 747

Landing gear

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Undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft that is used for takeoff or landing.

Undercarriage of an aircraft or spacecraft that is used for takeoff or landing.

The retractable main landing gear of a Boeing 747
Wheel arrangements of large airliners
Wheel-skis
Me 163B Komet with its two-wheel takeoff "dolly" in place
A Royal Air Force P-47 with its raked-forward main gear, and rearward-angled main wheel position (when retracted) indicated by the just-visible open wheel door.
Hawker Siddeley Harrier GR7. Tandem undercarriage with extra support wheels under wings
The "castoring" main gear arrangement on a Blériot XI
A Schleicher ASG 29 glider shows its monowheel landing gear
A Convair XFY Pogo showing its landing gear
Ju 288 V1 first prototype, showing its complex "folding" main undercarriage.
Experimental tracked gear on a B-36 Peacemaker
The nose gear steering-wheel (tiller) is visible as a semi-circular wheel to the left of the yoke in this photo of a Boeing 727 cockpit
Two mechanics replacing a main landing gear wheel on a Lockheed P-3 Orion
Luftwaffe groundcrew servicing a Heinkel He 177A's main-gear wheels and tires, February 1944
JetBlue Airways Flight 292, an Airbus A320, making an emergency landing on runway 25L at Los Angeles International Airport in 2005 after the front landing gear malfunctioned
All Nippon Airways Flight 1603, a Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 resting on its nose at Kōchi Airport after its nose gear failed to deploy prior to landing, 13 March 2007
Falcon 9 descending, just after landing legs were extended, May 2017.
Starhopper
Conventional/taildragger Piper Cub
Tricycle Cessna 152
Bicycle AV-8B Harrier
Quadricycle Fairchild XC-120 Packplane
Tricycle tailwheel Sikorsky R-4
Tricycle nosewheel Sikorsky CH-54
Quadricycle Boeing CH-47 Chinook
Retractable landing gear animation
Narrowbody aircraft have twin-wheel main landing gear legs.
Widebody aircraft main legs have multiple-axle bogies.
High-wing cargo aircraft have pontoons for the main gear.
Oleo strut (pressurized gas or oil) with torque links
Oleo strut with trailing link
Rubber discs in compression with trailing link of a Mooney M20
Simple spring steel bar, used on many light aircraft
Simple steel tube
The A340-600 has an additional main undercarriage on the fuselage belly
Wing and fuselage undercarriages on a Boeing 747-400, shortly before landing
The 20-wheeled main undercarriage of an Airbus A380
Main landing gear of an Antonov An-225 Mriya
Cessna 208 floatplane with amphibious floats
Nakajima E8N floatplane with three floats
Amphibious Consolidated PBY Catalina with landing gear on the side
Non-amphibious Short Solent flying boat with beaching gear
Dornier Do X with sponsons
Sikorsky HH-3 on water
Schweizer 300 with inflatable floats
Short Sunderland V showing step on wing float and faired step on hull
Kawanishi H8K showing two steps on the hull, a skeg at the second step and spray strips under the forebody
Martin SeaMaster showing outline of hydroflaps at rear
Stroukoff YC-123E showing hydro-skis on pantobase landing gear
Harbin SH-5 showing deep vee forebody
Shin Meiwa US-1A showing inverted spray gutter from nose to behind propellers
Shin Meiwa US-2 showing revised spray suppressor compared to that on US-1A
Beriev A-40 showing water rudder
Convair F2Y Sea Dart showing twin hydro-skis
The Mars Pathfinder lander during a ground test encased in its cluster of air bags
Comet lander Philae showing anchoring harpoons (2) and foot-pad screws (3)
Mars Science Laboratory showing rover's wheels which acted as landing gear for initial touchdown
Mars Pathfinder showing one of three petals and deflated airbags

The 640 t Antonov An-225, the largest cargo aircraft, had 4 wheels on the twin-strut nose gear units like the smaller Antonov An-124, and 28 main gear wheels.

Viktor Tolmachev

Viktor Tolmachev

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Russian engineer.

Russian engineer.

Viktor Tolmachev
Tolmachev was chief designer of the Antonov An-124 plane

He was a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and chief designer of the Antonov An-124 Ruslan and An-225 Mriya transport aircraft.

The Boeing 747, here an Iberia 747-200, is a low-wing airliner powered by four turbofans, with a distinctive raised forward passenger deck and cockpit.

Boeing 747

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Large, long-range wide-body airliner designed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.

Large, long-range wide-body airliner designed and manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes in the United States.

The Boeing 747, here an Iberia 747-200, is a low-wing airliner powered by four turbofans, with a distinctive raised forward passenger deck and cockpit.
The Boeing 747, here an Iberia 747-200, is a low-wing airliner powered by four turbofans, with a distinctive raised forward passenger deck and cockpit.
Cargo nose door open with cargo loader
An Iran Air 747-200, showing the early-production 747 cockpit, located on the upper deck
The Pratt & Whitney JT9D high-bypass turbofan engine was developed for the 747.
747 final assembly at the Boeing Everett Factory
The prototype 747 was first displayed to the public on September 30, 1968.
The 747's 16-wheel main landing gear
First Lady Pat Nixon christened the first commercial 747 on January 15, 1970.
Stretched upper deck cabin of later 747s with six-abreast seating
Launch Customer Northwest Airlines introduced the 747-400 in 1989.
747-400 main deck economy class seating in 3–4–3 layout
A Lufthansa 747-8
Three-view diagram of the original Boeing 747-100, showing its general configuration maintained in later variants
Front view showing the triple-slotted trailing edge flaps
The original 747-100 has a short upper deck with three windows per side; Pan Am introduced it on January 22, 1970
One of the two 747-100BSR with the stretched upper deck (SUD) made for JAL
An Iran Air, the last in passenger service
The 747SP was the only 747 model with a shortened fuselage
Most 747-200s had ten windows per side on the upper deck
The, with its stretched upper deck, was first delivered to Swissair on March 23, 1983
The improved, featuring canted winglets, entered service in February 1989 with Northwest Airlines
The Boeing Dreamlifter, a modified, first flew on September 9, 2006
The stretched and re-engined Boeing 747-8 made its maiden flight on February 8, 2010, as a freighter
Air Force One, a Boeing VC-25, over Mount Rushmore
747 "airborne aircraft carrier" concept
Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying a Space Shuttle orbiter
The proposed 747-500X and -600X as depicted in a 1998 FAA illustration
The 747-400ER was derived from the 747-400X study.
Diagram of Boeing 747 variants.
At the top: 747-100 (dorsal, cross-section, and front views). Side views, in descending order: 747SP,,, 747-8I, and 747LCF.
Boeing 747-230B in Lufthansa livery on display at the Technikmuseum Speyer in Germany
Boeing 747-128 on display at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in France
Boeing 747-212B serving as the Jumbo Stay at Arlanda Airport, Sweden

The 747 remained the heaviest commercial aircraft in regular service until the debut of the Antonov An-124 Ruslan in 1982; variants of the 747-400 surpassed the An-124's weight in 2000.

A Russian IL-76 transport from the Tver Military Transportation Air Base touches down at Scott AFB, Ill. on 24 October 1995. The Russians were participating in Peacekeeper '95, the first time that Russian troops trained on American soil.

Military Transport Aviation

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Major component of the former Soviet Air Forces, active from the Cold War period, through the dissolution of the Soviet Union, to 1998–1999.

Major component of the former Soviet Air Forces, active from the Cold War period, through the dissolution of the Soviet Union, to 1998–1999.

A Russian IL-76 transport from the Tver Military Transportation Air Base touches down at Scott AFB, Ill. on 24 October 1995. The Russians were participating in Peacekeeper '95, the first time that Russian troops trained on American soil.

566th Military Transport Aviation Regiment - Seshcha, Bryansk Oblast - Il-76, An-124;

The de Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner, used four jet engines.

Four-engined jet aircraft

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Jet aircraft powered by four engines.

Jet aircraft powered by four engines.

The de Havilland Comet, the first commercial jetliner, used four jet engines.
Podded engines mounted under the wings of a Boeing 747-8I.
Rear view of a Vickers VC10, showing its four podded engines mounted on the rear fuselage
Intakes leading into the buried engines of a de Havilland Comet 4
A Boeing 707-120B, the earliest production variant of the 707
Concorde on landing, showing its four underwing mounted engines.
Large twins such as this Boeing 777-300ER can almost match the capacity of the largest four-engined types.
The Airbus A380 is currently the world's largest airliner
Some airlines, such as Lufthansa, have opted to use both the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747.

Many military airlifters also feature this design, including the Antonov An-124, Boeing C-17 Globemaster, and Lockheed C-5 Galaxy.