Antwerp

Antwerp, BelgiumAntwerpenCity of AntwerpAntverpianAnversAnAndwarpAnguersaANTAntewarpe
Antwerp (, Antwerpen, Anvers ) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.wikipedia
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Belgium

🇧🇪BelgianBEL
Antwerp (, Antwerpen, Anvers ) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The capital and largest city is Brussels; other major cities are Antwerp, Ghent, Charleroi and Liège.

Brussels

Brussels-Capital RegionBrussels, BelgiumBruxelles
With a population of 520,504, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium, and with 1,200,000 the second largest metropolitan region after Brussels.
It is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people.

Antwerp Province

Antwerpprovince of AntwerpAntwerpen
Antwerp (, Antwerpen, Anvers ) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Its capital is Antwerp which comprises the Port of Antwerp.

List of cities in Belgium

Belgian cityCities of Belgiumcity
With a population of 520,504, it is the most populous city proper in Belgium, and with 1,200,000 the second largest metropolitan region after Brussels.

1920 Summer Olympics

19201920 Antwerp1920 Olympics
The city hosted the 1920 Summer Olympics.
The 1920 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Olympische Zomerspelen van de VIIe Olympiade; Olympische Sommerspiele 1920), officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.

Flanders

FlemishFlemingsFlemish Region
Antwerp (, Antwerpen, Anvers ) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
In this period, cities such as Ghent, Bruges, and later Antwerp made it one of the richest and most urbanized parts of Europe, trading, and weaving the wool of neighbouring lands into cloth for both domestic use and export.

Scheldt

EscautScheldt estuaryRiver Escaut
Antwerp is on the River Scheldt, linked to the North Sea by the river's Westerschelde estuary. According to folklore, notably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hall, the city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river.
Near Antwerp, the largest city on its banks, the Scheldt flows west into the Netherlands towards the North Sea.

Margraviate of Antwerp

margrave of AntwerpAntwerpMarch of Antwerp
Antwerp became a margraviate in 980, by the German emperor Otto II, a border province facing the County of Flanders.
The Margraviate of Antwerp (or Mark of Antwerp) consisted since the eleventh century of the area around the cities of Antwerp and Breda.

St. Michael's Abbey, Antwerp

St. Michael's AbbeySaint Michael's AbbeySt Michielsadbij
In the 12th century, Norbert of Xanten established a community of his Premonstratensian canons at St. Michael's Abbey at Caloes.
St Michael's Abbey in Antwerp was a Premonstratensian abbey founded in 1124 by Norbert of Xanten and laid waste during the French Revolutionary Wars.

Sack of Antwerp

Spanish Furymurderous rampagesacked Antwerp
Both economically and culturally, Antwerp is and has long been an important city in the Low Countries, especially before and during the Spanish Fury (1576) and throughout and after the subsequent Dutch Revolt.
On 4 November 1576, mutinying Spanish tercios of the Army of Flanders began the sack of Antwerp, leading to three days of horror among the population of the city, which was the cultural, economic and financial center of the Netherlands.

Port of Antwerp

Antwerpand Port of AntwerpAntwerp Gateway
The Port of Antwerp is one of the biggest in the world, ranking second in Europe and within the top 20 globally.
Antwerp stands at the upper end of the tidal estuary of the Scheldt.

Netherlands

Dutch🇳🇱the Netherlands
It is about 40 km north of Brussels, and about 15 km south of the Dutch border.
In practice, this meant that Brugge and Antwerp became quasi-independent republics in their own right and would later develop into some of the most important cities and ports in Europe.

Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence

Lionel of AntwerpLionel, Duke of ClarenceLionel
Antwerp was also the headquarters of Edward III during his early negotiations with Jacob van Artevelde, and his son Lionel, the Duke of Clarence, was born there in 1338.
He was named for his birthplace, at Antwerp in the Duchy of Brabant.

Duchy of Brabant

BrabantBrabantineBrabantian
After the silting-up of the Zwin and the consequent decline of Bruges, the city of Antwerp, then part of the Duchy of Brabant, grew in importance.
The four capitals were Leuven, Brussels, Antwerp and 's-Hertogenbosch.

Druon Antigoon

AntigonusAntigoon
According to folklore, notably celebrated by a statue in front of the town hall, the city got its name from a legend about a giant called Antigoon who lived near the Scheldt river.
He was a mythical giant who lived in Antwerp.

North Sea

Norththe North SeaNorthern Sea
Antwerp is on the River Scheldt, linked to the North Sea by the river's Westerschelde estuary.
Major ports are located along its coasts: Rotterdam, the busiest port in Europe and the fourth busiest port in the world by tonnage, Antwerp (was 16th) and Hamburg (was 27th), Bremen/Bremerhaven and Felixstowe, both in the top 30 busiest container seaports, as well as the Port of Bruges-Zeebrugge, Europe's leading ro-ro port.

Silvius Brabo

Brabo
Eventually the giant was killed by a young hero named Silvius Brabo, who cut off the giant's own hand and flung it into the river.
Later this story was also used to explain the name Antwerp ('Antwerpen' in dutch) which, according to the story, is a derivative of 'handwerpen' (meaning hand throwing). Brabo once killed a giant, called Druon Antigoon, who asked money from people who wanted to pass the bridge over the river Scheldt.

Siege of Antwerp (1914)

Siege of AntwerpAntwerpdefence of Antwerp
The Siege of Antwerp lasted for 11 days, but the city was taken after heavy fighting by the German Army, and the Belgians were forced to retreat westwards.
The Siege of Antwerp (Beleg van Antwerpen, Siège d'Anvers, Belagerung von Antwerpen) was an engagement between the German and the Belgian, British and French armies around the fortified city of Antwerp during World War I.

Dutch Golden Age

Golden AgeDutch styleGolden Age of Dutch science and technology
Most went to the United Provinces in the north, starting the Dutch Golden Age.
Before the Low Countries could be completely reconquered, a war between England and Spain, the Anglo-Spanish War of 1585-1604, broke out, forcing Spanish troops to halt their advances and leaving them in control of the important trading cities of Bruges and Ghent, but without control of Antwerp, which was then arguably the most important port in the world.

Exposition Internationale d'Anvers (1894)

Exposition Internationale d'Anvers1894 World Exhibition1894
And in the last decade Antwerp presented itself to the world via a World's Fair attended by 3 million.
Exposition Internationale d'Anvers was a World's Fair held in Antwerp, Belgium between 5 May and 5 November in 1894.

Stock market

equity marketstock marketsstock
Antwerp was also the place of the world's oldest stock exchange building, originally built in 1531 and re-built in 1872.
A common misbelief is that, in late 13th-century Bruges, commodity traders gathered inside the house of a man called Van der Beurze, and in 1409 they became the "Brugse Beurse", institutionalizing what had been, until then, an informal meeting, but actually, the family Van der Beurze had a building in Antwerp where those gatherings occurred; the Van der Beurze had Antwerp, as most of the merchants of that period, as their primary place for trading.

V-2 rocket

V-2V2A4
Thousands of Rheinbote, V-1 and V-2 missiles were fired (more V-2s than used on all other targets during the entire war combined), causing severe damage to the city but failed to destroy the port due to poor accuracy.
Beginning in September 1944, over 3,000 V-2s were launched by the German Wehrmacht against Allied targets, first London and later Antwerp and Liège.

V-1 flying bomb

V-1V1doodlebug
Thousands of Rheinbote, V-1 and V-2 missiles were fired (more V-2s than used on all other targets during the entire war combined), causing severe damage to the city but failed to destroy the port due to poor accuracy.
After this, the V-1s were directed at the port of Antwerp and other targets in Belgium, with 2,448 V-1s being launched.

Dutch language

DutchDutch-languagenl
Hence the name Antwerpen, from Dutch hand werpen, akin to Old English hand and wearpan (to throw), which has evolved to today's warp.
The process of standardisation became much stronger at the start of the 16th century, mainly based on the urban dialect of Antwerp.

Dutch Revolt

Dutch rebelsEighty Years' Warrevolt
Both economically and culturally, Antwerp is and has long been an important city in the Low Countries, especially before and during the Spanish Fury (1576) and throughout and after the subsequent Dutch Revolt.
William I of Orange was stadtholder of the provinces Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht, and Burgrave of Antwerp, and he was the most influential noble in the States General who had signed the petition.