Anxiolytic

anti-anxietyanxiolysisanxiolyticsanti-anxiety medicationantianxietyanti-anxiety medicationsanti-anxiety agentsantiobsessionalanxietyminor tranquilizer
An anxiolytic (also antipanic or antianxiety agent) is a medication or other intervention that inhibits anxiety.wikipedia
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Anxiogenic

anxietyanxiety inducinganxiogenesis
This effect is in contrast to anxiogenic agents, which increase anxiety.
This effect is in contrast to anxiolytic agents, which inhibits anxiety.

Psychoactive drug

psychoactivepsychotropicdrug
Together these categories of psychoactive compounds or interventions may be referred to as anxiotropic compounds or agents.
Examples include anesthetics, analgesics, anticonvulsant and antiparkinsonian drugs as well as medications used to treat neuropsychiatric disorders, such as antidepressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and stimulant medications.

Alcohol (drug)

alcoholdrinkingdrink
Some recreational drugs such as alcohol (also known as ethanol) induce anxiolysis initially; however, studies show that many of these drugs are anxiogenic.
Among other effects, alcohol produces a mood lift and euphoria, decreased anxiety, increased sociability, sedation, impairment of cognitive, memory, motor, and sensory function, and generalized depression of central nervous system function.

Barbiturate

barbituratesbarbiturate withdrawalgoofballs
There are concerns that some GABAergics, such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates, may have an anxiogenic effect if used over long periods of time.
Barbiturates are effective as anxiolytics, hypnotics, and anticonvulsants, but have physical and psychological addiction potential.

Tofisopam

* Tofisopam (Emandaxin and Grandaxin) is a drug that is a benzodiazepine derivative.
Tofisopam (Emandaxin, Grandaxin, Sériel) is an anxiolytic that is marketed in several European countries.

Hypnotic

sleeping pillssleeping pillsoporific
At higher dosage hypnotic properties occur. Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) and diphenhydramine (Benadryl) have hypnotic and sedative effects with mild anxiolytic-like properties (off-label use).
This group is related to sedatives. Whereas the term sedative describes drugs that serve to calm or relieve anxiety, the term hypnotic generally describes drugs whose main purpose is to initiate, sustain, or lengthen sleep.

Bromazepam

bromazepanlexotanPascalium
Bromazepam (Lectopam, Lexotan)
It is mainly an anti-anxiety agent with similar side effects to diazepam (Valium).

Medication

pharmaceuticalpharmaceuticalsdrug
Anxiolytic medications have been used for the treatment of anxiety disorder and its related psychological and physical symptoms.
Drugs affecting the central nervous system include: Psychedelics, hypnotics, anaesthetics, antipsychotics, eugeroics, antidepressants (including tricyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors, lithium salts, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)), antiemetics, Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics, anxiolytics, barbiturates, movement disorder (e.g., Parkinson's disease) drugs, stimulants (including amphetamines), benzodiazepines, cyclopyrrolones, dopamine antagonists, antihistamines, cholinergics, anticholinergics, emetics, cannabinoids, and 5-HT (serotonin) antagonists.

Clorazepate

clorazepate dipotassiumClorazepic aciddipotassium clorazepate
Clorazepate (Tranxene)
It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, sedative, hypnotic, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

Flurazepam

DalmadormDalmane
Flurazepam (Dalmane)
It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

Rebound effect

rebound insomniareboundrebound effects
If benzodiazepines are discontinued rapidly after being taken daily for two or more weeks there is some risk of benzodiazepine withdrawal and rebound syndrome, which varies by the specific drug.
Common medicines known to cause this problem are eszopiclone, zolpidem, and anxiolytics such as benzodiazepines and which are prescribed to people having difficulties falling or staying asleep.

Recreational drug use

recreational drugdrug usedrugs
Some recreational drugs such as alcohol (also known as ethanol) induce anxiolysis initially; however, studies show that many of these drugs are anxiogenic.
When these are used, effects may include anxiolysis (reduction of anxiety), analgesia (pain relief), sedation, somnolence, cognitive/memory impairment, dissociation, muscle relaxation, lowered blood pressure/heart rate, respiratory depression, anesthesia, and anticonvulsant effects.

Anxiotropic

Together these categories of psychoactive compounds or interventions may be referred to as anxiotropic compounds or agents.
In psychopharmacology anxiotropic agents consist of two categories of psychoactive drugs: anxiolytics that reduce anxiety and may be used therapeutically, and anxiogenic compounds that increase anxiety.

Chlordiazepoxide

Libriumchlordiazepoxide dibudinate
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
The drug has amnesic, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic, hypnotic, sedative and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

Temazepam

oxydiazepamTemazepam,
Temazepam (Restoril)
In addition, temazepam has anxiolytic (antianxiety), anticonvulsant, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties.

Sedative

sedativessedative-hypnoticsedating
Like other benzodiazepines, it possesses anxiolytic properties, but, unlike other benzodiazepines, it does not have anticonvulsant, sedative, skeletal muscle relaxant, motor skill-impairing, or amnestic properties. Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) and diphenhydramine (Benadryl) have hypnotic and sedative effects with mild anxiolytic-like properties (off-label use).
Anxiolytic refers specifically to the effect upon anxiety. (However, some benzodiazepines can be all three: sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics).

Meprobamate

MiltownEquanilmepronil
Marketed as a safer alternative to barbiturate anxiolytics, meprobamate (Miltown, Equanil) was commonly used to relieve anxiety in the late 1950s and 1960s.
Meprobamate—marketed as Miltown by Wallace Laboratories and Equanil by Wyeth, among others—is a carbamate derivative used as an anxiolytic drug.

Oxazepam

seresta
Oxazepam (Serax, Serapax)
It is a metabolite of diazepam, prazepam, and temazepam, and has moderate amnesic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, hypnotic, sedative, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties compared to other benzodiazepines.

Triazolam

HalcionHalcion (Triazolam)trazolam
Triazolam (Halcion)
In addition to the hypnotic properties, triazolam's amnesic, anxiolytic, sedative, anticonvulsant and muscle relaxant properties are pronounced as well.

Benzodiazepine

benzodiazepinesbenzodiazapines1,4-benzodiazepine
There are concerns that some GABAergics, such as benzodiazepines and barbiturates, may have an anxiogenic effect if used over long periods of time.
They are in the family of drugs commonly known as minor tranquilizers.

Anticonvulsant

anticonvulsantsantiepilepticantiepileptic drugs
Like other benzodiazepines, it possesses anxiolytic properties, but, unlike other benzodiazepines, it does not have anticonvulsant, sedative, skeletal muscle relaxant, motor skill-impairing, or amnestic properties.
The benzodiazepines are a class of drugs with hypnotic, anxiolytic, anticonvulsive, amnestic and muscle relaxant properties.

Carisoprodol

Somasomas
The muscle relaxant carisoprodol has anxiolytic effects by metabolizing to meprobamate.
Anxiolysis

Lorazepam

Ativanbenzodiazepine lorazepamdrug of the same name
Lorazepam (Ativan)
In intensive care units lorazepam is sometimes used to produce anxiolysis, hypnosis, and amnesia.

Chlorphenamine

chlorpheniraminechlorpheniramine maleateAllerest PE
Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) and diphenhydramine (Benadryl) have hypnotic and sedative effects with mild anxiolytic-like properties (off-label use).
Although not generally approved as an antidepressant or anti-anxiety medication, chlorphenamine appears to have these properties as well.

Antipsychotic

antipsychoticsneurolepticneuroleptics
Anxiolytics are also known as minor tranquilizers. The term is less common in modern texts and was originally derived from a dichotomy with major tranquilizers, also known as neuroleptics or antipsychotics.
Amisulpride ‡ – Selective dopamine antagonist. Higher doses (greater than 400 mg) act upon post-synaptic dopamine receptors resulting in a reduction in the positive symptoms of schizophrenia, such as psychosis. Lower doses, however, act upon dopamine autoreceptors, resulting in increased dopamine transmission, improving the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Lower doses of amisulpride have also been shown to have antidepressant and anxiolytic effects in non-schizophrenic patients, leading to its use in dysthymia and social phobias.