Aortic rupture

ruptured aortaruptureruptured aortic aneurysmAAA ruptureaortic rupturesripped aortarupture of the aorta
Aortic rupture is the rupture or breakage of the aorta, the largest artery in the body.wikipedia
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Aortic dissection

dissecting aortic aneurysmdissectionthoracic aortic dissection
Aortic rupture is distinct from aortic dissection, which is a tear through the inner wall of the aorta that can block the flow of blood through the aorta to the heart or abdominal organs.
Aortic dissection can quickly lead to death from not enough blood flow to the heart or complete rupture of the aorta.

Aortic aneurysm

aortic aneurysmsaortic aneurismaneurysm
The most common cause of aortic rupture is a ruptured aortic aneurysm.
Aortic aneurysms cause weakness in the wall of the aorta and increase the risk of aortic rupture.

Traumatic aortic rupture

ruptured aortaaortic rupturedissected aorta
Aortic rupture can also be caused by non-traumatic mechanisms, particularly abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture.

Abdominal aortic aneurysm

abdominal aneurysmabdominal aortic aneurysmsabdominal
The most common cause is an abdominal aortic aneurysm that has ruptured spontaneously.
In those with aortic rupture of the AAA, treatment is immediate surgical repair.

Open aortic surgery

aortic surgeryabdominal aortic aneurysm repairaneurysmectomy
If indicated, treatment with EVAR or open repair of the diseased aorta can limit the risk of aortic rupture.
OAS is used to treat aneurysms of the abdominal and thoracic aorta, aortic dissection, acute aortic syndrome, and aortic ruptures.

Endovascular aneurysm repair

EVAREndoleakThoracic Endovascular Aneurysm Repair
If indicated, treatment with EVAR or open repair of the diseased aorta can limit the risk of aortic rupture.
EVAR is also used for rupture of the abdominal and descending thoracic aorta, and in rare cases used to treat pathology of the ascending aorta.

Aorta

aorticaortic archaortic root
Aortic rupture is the rupture or breakage of the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

Artery

arteriesarterialarterial system
Aortic rupture is the rupture or breakage of the aorta, the largest artery in the body.

Heart

cardiachuman heartapex of the heart
Aortic rupture is distinct from aortic dissection, which is a tear through the inner wall of the aorta that can block the flow of blood through the aorta to the heart or abdominal organs.

Organ (anatomy)

organorgansviscera
Aortic rupture is distinct from aortic dissection, which is a tear through the inner wall of the aorta that can block the flow of blood through the aorta to the heart or abdominal organs.

Hypovolemic shock

shockHypovolemiclow blood pressure from fluid loss

Altered level of consciousness

level of consciousnessaltered mental statusdecreased level of consciousness

Retroperitoneal space

retroperitoneumretroperitonealretro-peritoneal organs

Injury

traumainjuriesphysical trauma
Other causes include trauma and iatrogenic (procedure-related) causes.

Iatrogenesis

iatrogeniciatrogenicallyiatrogenic disease
Other causes include trauma and iatrogenic (procedure-related) causes.

Blood pressure

systolic blood pressurediastolic blood pressurearterial blood pressure
Rupture results from either loss of wall strength to the point at which systemic pressure is greater than wall strength, or external destruction of the wall of the aorta, by a tumor or traumatic means.

Inferior vena cava

inferiorIVCposterior vena cava
The bleeding can be retroperitoneal or intraperitoneal, or the rupture can create an aortocaval (between the aorta and inferior vena cava) or aortoenteric (between the aorta and intestine) fistula.

Aortoenteric fistula

aorto-enteric fistulaeaortoenteric
The bleeding can be retroperitoneal or intraperitoneal, or the rupture can create an aortocaval (between the aorta and inferior vena cava) or aortoenteric (between the aorta and intestine) fistula.

Ultrasound

ultrasonicultrasonicsultrasounds
Diagnosis is confirmed quickly in the Emergency room by ultrasound or CT scan.

CT scan

computed tomographyCTCT scans
Diagnosis is confirmed quickly in the Emergency room by ultrasound or CT scan.