Apamea, Syria

ApameaAfamiyaApameiaApamea in SyriaApamea on the OrontesApamea (Syria)AfamiyahApamiaAfamiyaaApamea on the Orontes River
Apamea (Ἀπάμεια, Apameia; آفاميا, Afamia), on the right bank of the Orontes River, was an ancient Greek and Roman city.wikipedia
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Great Colonnade at Apamea

Great Colonnade
Amongst the impressive ancient remains, the site includes the Great Colonnade which ran for nearly 2 km making it among the longest in the Roman world and the Roman Theatre, one of the largest surviving theatres of the Roman Empire with an estimated seating capacity in excess of 20,000.
The Great Colonnade at Apamea was the main colonnaded avenue of the ancient city of Apamea in the Orontes River valley in northwestern Syria.

Roman Theatre at Apamea

Roman Theatre
Amongst the impressive ancient remains, the site includes the Great Colonnade which ran for nearly 2 km making it among the longest in the Roman world and the Roman Theatre, one of the largest surviving theatres of the Roman Empire with an estimated seating capacity in excess of 20,000.
The Roman Theatre at Apamea is a Roman theatre in ancient Apamea in northwestern Syria.

Diodotus Tryphon

DiodotusTryphoSeleucid Emperor of the second Century BCE
After 142 BC, the pretender Diodotus Tryphon made Apamea the base of his operations.
Diodotus was originally from Casiana, a dependent town of the city of Apamea.

Syrian tetrapolis

ApameneTetrapolisTetrapolis Seleukis
It was the capital of Apamene under the Macedonians, became the capital and Metropolitan Archbishopric of late Roman province Syria Secunda, again in the crusader time and since the 20th century a quadruple Catholic titular see.
The Syrian tetrapolis consisted of the cities Antioch, Seleucia Pieria, Apamea, and Laodicea in Syria.

Legio II Parthica

II ''ParthicaII ParthicaLegio II ''Parthica
From 218 until 234 AD the legion II Parthica was stationed in Apamea, when it abandoned support of the usurper Macrinus to the emperor and sided with Elagabalus' rise to the purple who then defeated Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.
In the following year, however, the II Parthica, stationed in Apamea (Syria), abandoned Macrinus and sided with Elagabalus; the Second supported Elagabalus' rise to purple, defeating Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.

Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628

Byzantine–Sassanid War of 602–628Byzantine-Sassanid War of 602–628Byzantine–Sasanian War
During the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, the city fell in 613 to Shahrbaraz and was in Sasanian hands until near the end of the war.
The cities of Damascus, Apamea, and Emesa fell quickly in 613, giving the Sasanian army a chance to strike further south into Palaestina Prima.


cardo maximuscardinesCardo maximum
The colonnade was aligned along the north-south axis, making up the city's "cardo maximus".
The Cardo Maximus of Apamea, Syria ran through the centre of the city directly from North to South, linked the principal gates of the city, and was originally surrounded by 1200 columns with unique spiral fluting, each subsequent column spiralling in the opposite direction.

Qalaat al-Madiq

AfamiyahAl-Madiq CastleKalat el-Mudik
Many remains of the ancient acropolis are still standing, consisting probably of the remains of the temples of a highly ornamental character and of which Sozomen speaks; it is now enclosed in ancient castle walls called Kalat el-Mudik (Kŭlat el-Mudîk); the remainder of the ancient city is to be found in the plain.
Qalaat al-Madiq is the site of the ancient city of Apamea, the ruins of which are located just east of the town.

Pompeian–Parthian invasion of 40 BC

a combined Roman-Parthian forceattackedbriefly captured
Apamea was briefly captured in 40 BC by the Pompeian-Parthian forces.
(These aquilae, together with ones captured after the Battle of Carrhae, were later returned after Augustus' negotiations with the Parthians.) Apamea and Antioch then surrendered.

Art & History Museum

Cinquantenaire MuseumMusée du CinquantenaireBrussels' ethnographic museum
The most significant collection of objects from the site, including many significant architectonic and artistic objects, that can be seen outside of Syria are in Brussels at the Cinquantenaire Museum.
Many important and impressive remains from Apamea, Syria, including part of the Great Colonnade and outstanding mosaic floors are on view.

115 Antioch earthquake

an earthquake115 AD earthquake115 earthquake
Much of Apamea was destroyed in the 115 AD earthquake, but was subsequently rebuilt.
The city of Apamea was also destroyed by the earthquake and Beirut suffered significant damage.


Apama I
From about 300 BC Pella receive a new status of polis, was fortified and established as a city (polis) by Seleucus who named it after his Bactrian wife, Apama daughter of the Sogdian warlord Spitamenes.
Modern scholars consider them to be Apamea on the Orontes River, Apamea in the Euphrates and Apamea in Media.


HamathHamahEmirate of Hamah
The site is about 55 km to the northwest of Hama, Syria, overlooking the Ghab valley.
Hama is still a Roman Catholic titular see (referred to as "Hamath" or Amath"), suffragan of Apamea. It is as "Epiphania" that it is best known in ecclesiastical documents. Lequien mentions nine Greek bishops of Epiphania. The first of them, whom he calls Mauritius, is the Manikeios whose signature appears in the First Council of Nicaea. Currently, it has two Catholic archbishops, a Greek Melkite and a Syrian, the former residing at Labroud, the latter at Homs, reuniting the titles of Homs (Emesus) and Hamah.

Orontes River

OrontesAsi RiverOrontes Valley
Apamea (Ἀπάμεια, Apameia; آفاميا, Afamia), on the right bank of the Orontes River, was an ancient Greek and Roman city.
In contrast, Macedonian settlers in Apamea named it the Axius, after a Macedonian river god.

Khosrow I

Khosrau IChosroes IChosroes
Apamea was destroyed by Chosroes I in the 6th century.
In 573, Khosrow sent an army under Adarmahan to invade Syria, while he himself along with the three Mihranid military officers Izadgushasp, Fariburz and Bahram Chobin led an army towards Dara, where they captured the city after four months, while Adarmahan sacked several cities in Syria, which included Apamea.

Numenius of Apamea

Numenius of Apamea (, Noumēnios ho ex Apameias) was a Greek philosopher, who lived in Apamea in Syria and Rome, and flourished during the latter half of the 2nd century AD.


PoseidoniusPosidonius of ApameaPoseidonios
Posidonius (, Poseidonios, meaning "of Poseidon") "of Apameia" or "of Rhodes" (c.


Archigenes was the most celebrated of the sect of the Eclectici, and was a native of Apamea in Syria; he practised at Rome in the time of Trajan, 98-117, where he enjoyed a very high reputation for his professional skill.

Sextus Varius Marcellus

eldest daughter's husband
Little is known on the origins of Marcellus, as he was born and raised in the city of Apamea in Syria.

Theodore of Mopsuestia

TheodoreMar Theodore the InterpreterTheodorus
Theodore's cousin, Paeanius, to whom several of John Chrysostom's letters are addressed, held an important post of civil government; his brother Polychronius became bishop of the metropolitan see of Apamea.


The city, was however, later sacked by the Sasanians under Adarmahan.
He devastated the province, sacked the city of Apamea, capturing several thousand prisoners, and defeated a small Roman force under general Magnus.

Al-Muqtana Baha'uddin

Al-Muqtanaal-Muqtana Baha’ud-DīnBaha’ud-Dīn as-Samuqī
Al-Muqtana was appointed as a governor of Apamea, Syria, by Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, for whom he captured Aleppo from the Hamdanid dynasty in 1016.


Iamblichus of ChalcisIamblichus ChalcidensisIamblichus (philosopher)
Around 304, he returned to Syria to found his own school at Apamea (near Antioch), a city famous for its Neoplatonic philosophers.


Theodoret of CyrrhusTheodoret of CyrusTheodoretus
According to Tillemont, he was born at Antioch in 393, and died either at Cyrrhus ("about a two-days' journey east of Antioch" or eighty Roman miles), or at the monastery near Apamea (fifty-four miles southeast of Antioch) about 457.

Roman Syria

SyriaSyrianByzantine Syria
Originally built as a Hellenistic style theatre in the early Seleucid Empire, the theatre was expanded and remodelled in the early Roman period, when the main stage and entrances were reorganized in a more typical Roman fashion.
After c. 415 Syria Coele was further subdivided into Syria I (or Syria Prima), with the capital remaining at Antioch, and Syria II (Syria Secunda) or Syria Salutaris, with capital at Apamea on the Orontes.