Apollo 14

14Apollo 14: Recovery Aboard the USS New Orleansonly Mercury astronaut to walk on the Moon
Apollo 14 was the eighth crewed mission in the United States Apollo program, the third to land on the Moon, and the first to land in the lunar highlands.wikipedia
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Alan Shepard

Alan B. ShepardAlan B. Shepard, Jr.Louise Shepard
Commander Alan Shepard, Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa, and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell launched on their nine-day mission on Sunday, January 31, 1971, at 4:03:02 p.m. EST.
This was surgically corrected in 1969, and in 1971, Shepard commanded the Apollo 14 mission, piloting the Apollo Lunar Module Antares to the most accurate landing of the Apollo missions.

Edgar Mitchell

Edgar D. MitchellEd MitchellE. D. Mitchell
Commander Alan Shepard, Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa, and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell launched on their nine-day mission on Sunday, January 31, 1971, at 4:03:02 p.m. EST.
As the Lunar Module Pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours working on the lunar surface in the Fra Mauro Highlands region, making him the sixth person to walk on the Moon.

Stuart Roosa

Stuart A. RoosaStu Roosa
Commander Alan Shepard, Command Module Pilot Stuart Roosa, and Lunar Module Pilot Edgar Mitchell launched on their nine-day mission on Sunday, January 31, 1971, at 4:03:02 p.m. EST.
Stuart Allen "Stu" Roosa (August 16, 1933 – December 12, 1994), Col., USAF, was an American aeronautical engineer, United States Air Force pilot, test pilot, and NASA astronaut, who was the Command Module Pilot for the Apollo 14 mission.

Apollo 13

13Apollo 13 Mission Operations TeamApollo 13 accident
Shepard and Mitchell made their lunar landing on February5 in the Fra Mauro highlands – originally the target of the aborted Apollo 13 mission.
An investigative review board found fault with the testing of the oxygen tank and the fact that Teflon was placed inside it; recommended changes, including minimizing the use of potentially combustible items inside the tank, were made for Apollo 14.

Fra Mauro formation

Fra MauroFra Mauro HighlandsFra Mauro Highlands region
Shepard and Mitchell made their lunar landing on February5 in the Fra Mauro highlands – originally the target of the aborted Apollo 13 mission.
The Fra Mauro formation (or Fra Mauro Highlands) is a formation on the near side of Earth's Moon that served as the landing site for the American Apollo 14 mission in 1971.

Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package

ALSEPApollo Lunar Surface Experiment PackageApollo Lunar Active Seismic Experiments
During the two lunar EVAs, 94.35 lb of Moon rocks were collected, and several scientific experiments were performed. After landing in the Fra Mauro formation—the destination for Apollo 13—Shepard and Mitchell took two moonwalks, adding new seismic studies to the by now familiar Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), and using the Modular Equipment Transporter (MET), a pull-cart for carrying equipment and samples, nicknamed "lunar rickshaw".
The Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP) comprised a set of scientific instruments placed by the astronauts at the landing site of each of the five Apollo missions to land on the Moon following Apollo 11 (Apollos 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17).

Moon tree

Moon trees
He took several hundred seeds on the mission, many of which were germinated on return, resulting in the so-called Moon trees.
Moon trees are trees grown from 500 seeds taken into orbit around the Moon by Stuart Roosa, the Command Module Pilot on the Apollo 14 mission in 1971.

List of Apollo missions

Apollo missionsJ-missionsJ mission
It was the last of the "H missions," targeted landings with two-day stays on the Moon with two lunar EVAs, or moonwalks.

Apollo 16

16ApolloNASA UFO
While Shepard and Mitchell were on the surface, Roosa remained in lunar orbit aboard the command and service module Kitty Hawk, performing scientific experiments and photographing the Moon, including the landing site of the future Apollo 16 mission.
Apollo 16's landing spot in the highlands was chosen to allow the astronauts to gather geologically older lunar material than the samples obtained in three of the first four Moon landings, which were in or near lunar maria (Apollo 14 landed in the Fra Mauro Highlands).

Mercury Seven

Mercury 7Mercury astronautsMercury astronaut
He is the only astronaut from Project Mercury (the original Mercury Seven astronauts) to reach the Moon.
Shepard became the first American to enter space in 1961, and later walked on the Moon on Apollo 14 in 1971.

Apollo program

ApolloProject ApolloApollo space program
Apollo 14 was the eighth crewed mission in the United States Apollo program, the third to land on the Moon, and the first to land in the lunar highlands.
Apollo 13's Fra Mauro mission was reassigned to Apollo 14, commanded in February 1971 by Mercury veteran Alan Shepard, with Stuart Roosa and Edgar Mitchell.

Moon landing

lunar landingland on the MoonMoon race
Apollo 14 was the eighth crewed mission in the United States Apollo program, the third to land on the Moon, and the first to land in the lunar highlands.

Moon

lunarthe MoonLuna
Apollo 14 was the eighth crewed mission in the United States Apollo program, the third to land on the Moon, and the first to land in the lunar highlands.
Long-lived instrument stations, including heat flow probes, seismometers, and magnetometers, were installed at the Apollo 12, 14, 15, 16, and 17 landing sites.

C. Gordon Fullerton

Gordon FullertonCharles FullertonFullerton
After assignment to the NASA Johnson Space Center as an astronaut, Fullerton served on the support crews for the Apollo 14, 15, 16, and 17 lunar missions.

Apollo 10

10Apollo X Manned Spacecraft speed record
Another of the original seven, Gordon Cooper, had (as Apollo 10's backup commander) tentatively been scheduled to command the mission, but according to author Andrew Chaikin, his casual attitude toward training, along with problems with NASA hierarchy (reaching all the way back to the Mercury-Atlas 9 flight), resulted in his removal.
Later, Shepard's crew was forced to switch places with Jim Lovell's tentative Apollo 14 crew.

Gerald D. Griffin

Gerry GriffinGerald Griffin
Griffin's "Gold" team conducted half of the lunar landings made during Apollo: Apollos 14, 16, and 17.

Project Mercury

MercuryMercury programMercury spacecraft
He is the only astronaut from Project Mercury (the original Mercury Seven astronauts) to reach the Moon.
He went on to fly in the Apollo program and became the only Mercury astronaut to walk on the Moon.

Bruce McCandless II

Bruce McCandlessBruce McCandless, IICaptain Bruce McCandless II
He served as mission control capsule communicator (CAPCOM) on Apollo 11 during the launch and during the first lunar moonwalk (EVA) by Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin before joining the astronaut support crew for the Apollo 14 mission, on which he doubled as a CAPCOM.

Philip K. Chapman

Phil ChapmanPhilip ChapmanDr. Philip K. Chapman
He trained as an astronaut, including jet pilot training with the USAF and the US Navy Underwater School, and served as the Apollo 14 Mission Scientist.

Moon rock

Moon rockslunar samplelunar rock
During the two lunar EVAs, 94.35 lb of Moon rocks were collected, and several scientific experiments were performed.

Apollo 14 Passive Seismic Experiment

PSEseismic studies
After landing in the Fra Mauro formation—the destination for Apollo 13—Shepard and Mitchell took two moonwalks, adding new seismic studies to the by now familiar Apollo Lunar Surface Experiments Package (ALSEP), and using the Modular Equipment Transporter (MET), a pull-cart for carrying equipment and samples, nicknamed "lunar rickshaw".
The Apollo 14 Passive Seismic Experiment (PSE) was placed on the lunar surface as part of the Apollo 14 ALSEP package.

Lunar orbit

SelenocentricSelenocentric orbitlunar orbit insertion
While Shepard and Mitchell were on the surface, Roosa remained in lunar orbit aboard the command and service module Kitty Hawk, performing scientific experiments and photographing the Moon, including the landing site of the future Apollo 16 mission.
The LM began its landing sequence with a Descent Orbit Insertion (DOI) burn to lower their periapsis to about 50,000 ft, chosen to avoid hitting lunar mountains reaching heights of 20,000 ft. After the second landing mission, the procedure was changed on Apollo 14 to save more of the LM fuel for its powered descent, by using the CSM's fuel to perform the DOI burn, and later raising its periapsis back to a circular orbit after the LM had made its landing.

Gordon Cooper

L. Gordon CooperL. Gordon Cooper, Jr.Leroy Gordon Cooper, Jr.
Another of the original seven, Gordon Cooper, had (as Apollo 10's backup commander) tentatively been scheduled to command the mission, but according to author Andrew Chaikin, his casual attitude toward training, along with problems with NASA hierarchy (reaching all the way back to the Mercury-Atlas 9 flight), resulted in his removal.
This mission subsequently became Apollo 14 to give Shepard more time to train.

William R. Pogue

William PogueBill PogueWilliam Reid Pogue
He served as a member of the support crews for the Apollo 7, 11, and 14 missions.

Big Bertha (lunar sample)

Big Bertha
Shepard and Mitchell deployed and activated various scientific instruments and experiments and collected almost 100 lb of lunar samples for return to Earth, including the 20 pound (9 kg) Big Bertha rock.
Lunar Sample 14321, better known as "Big Bertha", is a lunar sample containing an embedded Earth-origin meteorite collected on the 1971 Apollo 14 mission.