April Revolution

April 19 MovementApril 19 Revolution1960–19614.19 citizen & students uprisinga nationwide pro-democracy protesta protest againsta student uprisingAnnulleddeposedfall of the Rhee regime
The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation.wikipedia
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South Korea

Republic of KoreaKoreaKOR
The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation.
In 1960, a student uprising (the "April 19 Revolution") led to the resignation of the autocratic then-President Syngman Rhee.

Masan

HappoChangwonChangwon Unified, South Gyeongsang
Protests opposing Rhee were started by student and labor groups in the southeastern port city of Masan on April 11.
Thus, the events in Masan in 1960 helped spark the movement against corruption known as the April 19 Movement, which eventually led to the resignation of President Syngman Rhee and the beginning of the Second Republic.

Second Republic of Korea

Second RepublicSecond Republic of South KoreaSouth Korea
Rhee resigned on April 26 before fleeing to exile in the United States, and was replaced by Yun Posun, beginning the transition to the Second Republic of South Korea. On May 16, 1961, following months of political instability, General Park Chung-hee launched a coup d'état overthrowing the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea and replacing it with a military junta and later the autocratic Third Republic of South Korea.
The Second Republic was founded during the April Revolution mass protests against President Syngman Rhee, succeeding the First Republic and establishing a parliamentary government under President Yun Bo-seon and Prime Minister Chang Myon.

First Republic of Korea

South KoreaFirst Republic of South KoreaFirst Republic
The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation. Syngman Rhee had been the first President of South Korea since the 1948 presidential election, overseeing the transition of power from the United States Army Military Government to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea, and led South Korea during the Korean War.
The April Revolution in April 1960 led to Rhee's resignation and the transition to the Second Republic of South Korea.

1948 South Korean presidential election

19481948 presidential election1948–1960
Syngman Rhee had been the first President of South Korea since the 1948 presidential election, overseeing the transition of power from the United States Army Military Government to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea, and led South Korea during the Korean War.
In the event, Kim's split allowed Rhee to consolidate power over NARRKI and, in 1951, form the Liberal Party, enabling his rule over South Korea until the April Revolution in 1960.

Syngman Rhee

Rhee Syng-manRhee SyngmanRhee
The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation. Syngman Rhee had been the first President of South Korea since the 1948 presidential election, overseeing the transition of power from the United States Army Military Government to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea, and led South Korea during the Korean War.
When police shot demonstrators in Masan, the student-led April Revolution forced Rhee to resign on April 26.

Chang Myon

John M. ChangJohn ChangJohn Myun Chang
Lee ran against the Democratic Party candidate Chang Myon, who had been South Korea's ambassador to the United States during the Korean War.
When Syngman Rhee's government was ousted by the student-led pro-democracy uprising of April 19 Movement, he was elected the Prime Minister of the Second Republic in 1960.

March 1960 South Korean presidential election

presidential electionMarch 1960March 1960 presidential election
The March 1960 presidential election saw two main parties running against Rhee: the small Progressive Party (which had received one million votes in the 1956 presidential election) represented by Cho Bong-am, and the Democratic Party represented by Cho Pyong-ok.
The elections were heavily rigged in Lee's favor, and widespread allegations of corruption and manipulation of the results sparked protests which spiralled into the April Revolution, causing the annulment of the election, the resignation and exile of Rhee, and the collapse of the First Republic.

Lee Ki-poong

Lee Ki PoongLee Ki-bung
Rhee was determined to see his protege Lee Ki-poong elected as the Vice President, a post chosen in a separate election on the same day.
* April Revolution

Korean War

KoreaKoreanKorea War
Syngman Rhee had been the first President of South Korea since the 1948 presidential election, overseeing the transition of power from the United States Army Military Government to the Government of South Korea and the establishment of the First Republic of Korea, and led South Korea during the Korean War.
In 1960, the April Revolution occurred and students joined an anti-Syngman Rhee demonstration; 142 were killed by police; in consequence Syngman Rhee resigned and left for exile in the United States.

Third Republic of Korea

South KoreaThird RepublicSouth Korea (Republic of Korea)
On May 16, 1961, following months of political instability, General Park Chung-hee launched a coup d'état overthrowing the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea and replacing it with a military junta and later the autocratic Third Republic of South Korea.
In May 1961, the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction overthrew the Second Republic of Korea in the May 16 coup, led by Major General Park Chung-hee, in response to its inability to prevent political instability after the overthrow of the First Republic of Korea under President Syngman Rhee in the April Revolution.

Vice President of South Korea

Vice PresidentVice President of the Republic of Korea
Rhee was determined to see his protege Lee Ki-poong elected as the Vice President, a post chosen in a separate election on the same day.

May 16 coup

coup d'étatA military coupcoup in May that year
On May 16, 1961, following months of political instability, General Park Chung-hee launched a coup d'état overthrowing the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea and replacing it with a military junta and later the autocratic Third Republic of South Korea.
After rigged elections in March 1960, growing protests developed into the April Revolution, and Rhee was pressured by the United States into a peaceful resignation on April 26.

Park Chung-hee

Park Chung HeePark Jung-HeeChung Hee Park
On May 16, 1961, following months of political instability, General Park Chung-hee launched a coup d'état overthrowing the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea and replacing it with a military junta and later the autocratic Third Republic of South Korea.
On 25 April 1960, Syngman Rhee, the authoritarian inaugural President of South Korea, was forced out of office and into exile following the April 19 Movement, a student-led uprising.

Supreme Council for National Reconstruction

Supreme Council of National Reconstructionmilitary junta1961–1963
On May 16, 1961, following months of political instability, General Park Chung-hee launched a coup d'état overthrowing the short-lived Second Republic of South Korea and replacing it with a military junta and later the autocratic Third Republic of South Korea.
In April 1960, Rhee was eventually overthrown in mass protests known as the April Revolution, started in response to the murder of a student killed by police during earlier protests against election rigging.

History of South Korea

Sixth RepublicSixth Republic of South Koreademocratization of South Korea
*History of South Korea
On 19 April, students from various universities and schools rallied and marched in protest in the Seoul streets, in what would be called the April Revolution.

Martial law

martial law administratormilitary rulemilitary government
That day the Rhee government proclaimed martial law in order to suppress the demonstrations.
On April 19, 1960 Syngman Rhee government proclaimed a martial law in order to suppress the April Revolution.

Demonstration (political)

demonstrationsdemonstrationprotest march
The April Revolution (4.19 혁명), also called the April 19 Revolution or April 19 Movement, were mass protests in South Korea against President Syngman Rhee and the First Republic from April 11 to 26, 1960 which led to Rhee's resignation.

Electoral fraud

ballot stuffingelection fraudvoter fraud
The protests were triggered by the discovery of the body of a local high school student who had been killed by police during demonstrations against rigged elections in March.

Autocracy

autocraticautocratabsolutism
Popular discontent had arisen due to Rhee's autocratic rule, corruption, use of violence against political opposition, and uneven development of South Korea.

Political corruption

corruptioncorruptAnti-corruption
Popular discontent had arisen due to Rhee's autocratic rule, corruption, use of violence against political opposition, and uneven development of South Korea.

Opposition (politics)

oppositionopposition partypolitical opposition
Popular discontent had arisen due to Rhee's autocratic rule, corruption, use of violence against political opposition, and uneven development of South Korea.

Seoul

Seoul, South KoreaSeoul, KoreaHanseong
The Masan discovery led to large student protests in Seoul, which were violently suppressed; a total of 186 people were killed during the two weeks of protest.

Exile

banishmentinternal exilebanished
Rhee resigned on April 26 before fleeing to exile in the United States, and was replaced by Yun Posun, beginning the transition to the Second Republic of South Korea.

United States

AmericanU.S.USA
Rhee resigned on April 26 before fleeing to exile in the United States, and was replaced by Yun Posun, beginning the transition to the Second Republic of South Korea.