Aquaculture

farmedaquaculturalaquaculturistculturedaquaculturedaquaculturistsaquafarmaquaticcultivatedfarm-raised
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture ), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.wikipedia
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Mariculture

Marine Farmmarine farmingMarine farms
Mariculture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats. Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish.
Mariculture is a specialized branch of aquaculture involving the cultivation of marine organisms for food and other products in the open ocean, an enclosed section of the ocean, or in tanks, ponds or raceways which are filled with seawater.

Algaculture

Algae cultureList of algal culture collectionsAlgaculture oil extraction
Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish.
Algaculture is a form of aquaculture involving the farming of species of algae.

Oyster farming

oyster farmoyster farmsoyster farmer
Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish.
Oyster farming is an aquaculture (or mariculture) practice in which oysters are bred and raised mainly for their pearls, shells and inner organ tissue, which is eaten.

Fish

fishesfinfishichthyofauna
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture ), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
Commercial and subsistence fishers hunt fish in wild fisheries (see fishing) or farm them in ponds or in cages in the ocean (see aquaculture).

Shrimp farming

shrimp farmshrimp farmsfarmed shrimp
Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish.
Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business that exists in either a marine or freshwater environment, producing shrimp or prawns (crustaceans of the groups Caridea or Dendrobranchiata) for human consumption.

Aquaponics

aquaponic
Particular methods include aquaponics and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, both of which integrate fish farming and aquatic plant farming.
Aquaponics refers to any system that combines conventional aquaculture (raising aquatic animals such as snails, fish, crayfish or prawns in tanks) with hydroponics (cultivating plants in water) in a symbiotic environment.

Integrated multi-trophic aquaculture

Integrated aquacultureintegrated multi-trophicintegrated multi-trophic systems
Particular methods include aquaponics and integrated multi-trophic aquaculture, both of which integrate fish farming and aquatic plant farming.
Farmers combine fed aquaculture (e.g., fish, shrimp) with inorganic extractive (e.g., seaweed) and organic extractive (e.g., shellfish) aquaculture to create balanced systems for environment remediation (biomitigation), economic stability (improved output, lower cost, product diversification and risk reduction) and social acceptability (better management practices).

Seaweed farming

farmedcommercial harvestingcultivated
Particular kinds of aquaculture include fish farming, shrimp farming, oyster farming, mariculture, algaculture (such as seaweed farming), and the cultivation of ornamental fish.
The main food species grown by aquaculture in Japan, China and Korea include Gelidium, Pterocladia, Porphyra, and Laminaria.

Common carp

Cyprinus carpiocarpEuropean carp
A fortunate genetic mutation of carp led to the emergence of goldfish during the Tang dynasty.
The native wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), but the species has also been domesticated and introduced (see aquaculture) into environments worldwide, and is often considered a destructive invasive species, being included in the list of the world's 100 worst invasive species.

Goldfish

Carassius auratusgold fishFancy goldfish
A fortunate genetic mutation of carp led to the emergence of goldfish during the Tang dynasty.
Starting in ancient China, various species of carp (collectively known as Asian carp) have been bred and reared as food fish for thousands of years.

Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture

fishpondsancient fishpondancient Hawaiian fishpond
Hawaiians constructed oceanic fish ponds.
The Hawaiian people practiced aquaculture through development of fish ponds (loko ia), the most advanced fish husbandry among the original peoples of the Pacific.

Dhauwurd Wurrung

GunditjmaraGunditjmara peopleGunditj Mirring Traditional Owners Aboriginal Corporation
The indigenous Gunditjmara people in Victoria, Australia, may have raised eels as early as 6000 BC.
Fresh archaeological work by Dr Heather Builth led to her contending that they had a sophisticated system of aquaculture and eel farming.

Fish pond

fishpondfishpondsfishing pond
It involves raising fish commercially in tanks, fish ponds, or ocean enclosures, usually for food.
A fish pond, or fishpond, is a controlled pond, artificial lake, or reservoir that is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming, or is used for recreational fishing or for ornamental purposes.

Broodstock

broodbroodfish stockbroodstocks
Technological advances have led to ever higher densities per unit area, and broodstock is shipped worldwide.
Broodstock, or broodfish, are a group of mature individuals used in aquaculture for breeding purposes.

Gim (food)

gimkimKim (food)
Gim cultivation is the oldest aquaculture in Korea.
Gim cultivation is the oldest aquaculture in Korea and there are several stories from oral tradition about its origins.

Offshore aquaculture

offshore
They are then interned in offshore pens (sometimes made from floating HDPE pipe) where they are further grown for the market. In the United States, land-based and nearshore aquaculture is regulated at the federal and state levels; however, no national laws govern offshore aquaculture in U.S. exclusive economic zone waters.
Aquaculture is the most rapidly expanding food industry in the world as a result of declining wild fisheries stocks and profitable business.

Freshwater prawn farming

Freshwater prawn farmPrawn farmingcommercial prawn farming
Freshwater prawn farming shares many characteristics with, including many problems with, marine shrimp farming.
A freshwater prawn farm is an aquaculture business designed to raise and produce freshwater prawns or shrimp for human consumption.

Gilt-head bream

Sparus auratagilthead seabreamDorade
However, ancient Egyptians might have farmed fish (especially Gilt-head bream) from Lake Bardawil about 3,500 years ago, and they even traded them with Canaan.
However, intensive rearing systems were developed during the 1980s, and gilthead seabream has become an important aquaculture species, primarily in the Mediterranean area.

National Aquaculture Act of 1980

federal
In the United States, land-based and nearshore aquaculture is regulated at the federal and state levels; however, no national laws govern offshore aquaculture in U.S. exclusive economic zone waters.
The National Aquaculture Act of 1980 (P.L. 96-362, as amended) is intended to promote and support the development of private aquaculture and to ensure coordination among the various federal agencies that have aquaculture programs and policies.

Algae

algaalgalfilamentous algae
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture ), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
Algaculture on a large scale is an important type of aquaculture in some places.

Aquaculture Stewardship Council

Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC)
In 2009, WWF co-founded the Aquaculture Stewardship Council with the Dutch Sustainable Trade Initiative to manage the global standards and certification programs.
The Aquaculture Stewardship Council (ASC) is an independent non-profit organisation and labelling organization that establishes protocol on farmed seafood while ensuring sustainable aquaculture.

Salmon

parrLand-locked salmonAlaskan salmon
In the first half of the 18th century, German Stephan Ludwig Jacobi experimented with external fertilization of brown trouts and salmon.
Salmon aquaculture is a major contributor to the world production of farmed finfish, representing about US$10 billion annually.

Shrimp

shrimpsshrimp and prawnCamarón
Commercial shrimp farming began in the 1970s, and production grew steeply thereafter.
A shrimp farm is an aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimp or prawns for human consumption.

Whiteleg shrimp

Litopenaeus vannameiPacific white shrimpPenaeus vannamei
Virtually all farmed shrimp are penaeids (i.e., shrimp of the family Penaeidae), and just two species of shrimp, the Pacific white shrimp and the giant tiger prawn, account for about 80% of all farmed shrimp.
In the late 20th century, the wild fishery was overtaken by the use of aquaculture; this began in 1973 in Florida using prawns captured in Panama.

Macrobrachium rosenbergii

Giant river prawnfreshwater shrimpgiant freshwater prawn
Unique problems are introduced by the developmental lifecycle of the main species, the giant river prawn.
It is one of the biggest freshwater prawns in the world and is widely cultivated in several countries for food.