Arab citizens of Israel

ArabIsraeli ArabIsraeli ArabsArab-IsraeliArabsIsraeli-ArabArab IsraeliIsraeli-ArabsArab IsraelisArab citizens
Arab citizens of Israel, or Arab Israelis, are Israeli citizens who are Arab.wikipedia
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Israelis

IsraeliIsraelpeople of Israel
The majority of these identify themselves as Arab or Palestinian by nationality and Israeli by citizenship.
The largest ethnic groups in Israel are Jews (75%), followed by Arabs (20%) and other minorities (5%).

Modern Hebrew

HebrewIsraeliModern
The traditional vernacular of most Arab citizens, irrespective of religion, is Levantine Arabic, including Lebanese Arabic in the North of Israel, Palestinian dialect of Arabic in Central Israel and Bedouin dialects across the Negev desert; having absorbed much Hebrew loanwords and phrases, the modern dialect of Arab citizens of Israel is defined by some as the Israeli Arabic dialect. Most Arab citizens of Israel are functionally bilingual, their second language being Modern Hebrew.
Most speakers are citizens of Israel: about five million are Israelis who speak Modern Hebrew as their native language, 1.5 million are immigrants to Israel, 1.5 million are Arab citizens of Israel, whose first language is usually Arabic, and half a million are expatriate Israelis or diaspora Jews living outside Israel.

Arabic language in Israel

ArabicArabic speakersIsrael
The traditional vernacular of most Arab citizens, irrespective of religion, is Levantine Arabic, including Lebanese Arabic in the North of Israel, Palestinian dialect of Arabic in Central Israel and Bedouin dialects across the Negev desert; having absorbed much Hebrew loanwords and phrases, the modern dialect of Arab citizens of Israel is defined by some as the Israeli Arabic dialect. Most Arab citizens of Israel are functionally bilingual, their second language being Modern Hebrew.
The Arabic language in Israel is spoken natively by a large proportion of the population, reaching over 20 percent of the total population, mainly by the Arab citizens of Israel and among the Arabic-speaking Jews from the Arab world.

Land Day

Day of the LandLand Day proteststrike by Israeli-Arabs
The date of the protest, 30 March, has since been commemorated annually as Land Day.
Land Day (يوم الأرض, Yom al-Ard;, Yom HaAdama), March 30, is an annual day of commemoration for Arab citizens of Israel and Palestinians of the events of that date in 1976 in Israel.

Tawfik Toubi

The first Arab Knesset members were Amin-Salim Jarjora and Seif el-Din el-Zoubi who were members of the Democratic List of Nazareth party and Tawfik Toubi member of the Maki party.
Tawfik Toubi (توفيق طوبي, 11 May 1922 – 12 March 2011) was an Israeli Arab communist politician.

Seif el-Din el-Zoubi

The first Arab Knesset members were Amin-Salim Jarjora and Seif el-Din el-Zoubi who were members of the Democratic List of Nazareth party and Tawfik Toubi member of the Maki party.
Seif el-Din el-Zoubi (سيف الدين الزعبي, ; 1913 – 26 June 1986) was an Israeli-Arab politician.

Amin-Salim Jarjora

The first Arab Knesset members were Amin-Salim Jarjora and Seif el-Din el-Zoubi who were members of the Democratic List of Nazareth party and Tawfik Toubi member of the Maki party.
Amin-Salim Jarjora (أمين سليم جرجورة, ; 1886 – 20 August 1975) was an Israeli Arab politician who served as a member of the Knesset for the Democratic List of Nazareth between 1949 and 1951.

Islamic Movement in Israel

Islamic Movement
The 1980s saw the birth of the Islamic Movement.
The Islamic Movement in Israel (also known as the Islamic Movement in 48 Palestine) is an Islamist movement that aims to advocate Islam in Israel, particularly among Arabs and Circassians.

October 2000 events

October 2000October 2000 riotsOctober Riots
Tensions between Arabs and the state rose in October 2000 when 12 Arab citizens and one man from Gaza were killed while protesting the government's response to the Second Intifada.
The October 2000 events were a series of protests in Arab cities and towns in northern Israel in October 2000 that turned violent, escalating into rioting by Israeli Arabs throughout Israel, which led to counter-rioting by Israeli Jews and clashes with the Israel Police and ending in the deaths of 13 Arab demonstrators.

Triangle (Israel)

Trianglethe Trianglenorthern Triangle
The party leader, Avigdor Lieberman, advocated an ethnicity based territory exchange, the Lieberman Plan, by transferring heavily populated Arab areas (mainly the Triangle), to Palestinian Authority control and annexing major Jewish Israeli settlement blocs in the West Bank close to the green line as part of a peace proposal.
The Triangle (, HaMeshulash; المثلث, al-Muthallath), formerly referred to as the Little Triangle, is a concentration of Israeli Arab towns and villages adjacent to the Green Line, located in the eastern Sharon plain among the Samarian foothills; this area is located within the easternmost boundaries of both the Central District and Haifa District.

Arab world

Arab countriesArabArab states
As part of a larger trend in the Arab World, the Islamic Movement emphasized moving Islam into the political realm.
By some definitions, Arab citizens of Israel may concurrently be considered a constituent part of the Arab world.

Yisrael Beiteinu

Ariel BeiteinuHaifa Our HomeIsrael
In October 2006, tensions rose when Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert invited a right-wing political party Yisrael Beiteinu, to join his coalition government.
It takes a strong line towards the peace process and the integration of Israeli Arabs, characterized by its 2009 election slogan "No loyalty, no citizenship".

Raleb Majadele

Ghaleb MajadaleRaleb (Ghaleb) Majadele
In January 2007 the first non-Druze Arab minister in Israel's history, Raleb Majadele, was appointed minister without portfolio (Salah Tarif, a Druze, had been appointed a minister without portfolio in 2001).
Raleb Majadele (غالب مجادلة, Levantine Arabic: ;, ; also spelt Ghaleb Majadele, born 5 April 1953) is an Israeli Arab politician.

Bir Hadaj

Around half the Bedouin population live in these towns, the largest of which is the city of Rahat, others being Ar'arat an-Naqab (Ar'ara BaNegev), Bir Hadaj, Hura, Kuseife, Lakiya, Shaqib al-Salam (Segev Shalom) and Tel as-Sabi (Tel Sheva).
Bir Hadaj is a Bedouin agricultural town located in the Negev desert, near Revivim, Israel.

Present absentee

internally displaced Palestiniansinternally displaced refugeespresent absentees
Arabs who left their homes during the period of armed conflict, but remained in what had become Israeli territory, were considered to be "present absentees".
If the definition is restricted to those displaced in the 1948 war and its immediate aftermath and their descendants, some 274,000 Arab citizens of Israel - or 1 in 4 in Israel - are internally displaced.

Balad (political party)

BaladBalad PartyNational Democratic Alliance
Druze politicians in Israel include Ayoob Kara, who represented Likud in the Knesset; Majalli Wahabi of Kadima, the Deputy Speaker of the Knesset; and Said Nafa of the Arab party Balad.
Balad (, an acronym for Brit Le'umit Demokratit (التجمع الوطني الديمقراطي or بلد, lit. Country or Nation) is an Israeli Arab political party in Israel led by Jamal Zahalka.

Kafr Yasif

Kafr YassifKufr YasifYasuf
Approximately 70% reside in the north, in Jish, Eilabun, Kafr Yasif, Kafr Kanna, I'billin, Shefa-'Amr.
Kafr Yasif (كفر ياسيف, Kufr Yaseef; ) is an Arab town in the Northern District of Israel.

Kafr Kanna

CannaQana of Galilee
Approximately 70% reside in the north, in Jish, Eilabun, Kafr Yasif, Kafr Kanna, I'billin, Shefa-'Amr.
Kafr Kanna (كفر كنا, Kafr Kanā; ) is an Arab town, in Galilee, part of the Northern District of Israel.

Eilabun

Eilaboun‘Ailebu
Approximately 70% reside in the north, in Jish, Eilabun, Kafr Yasif, Kafr Kanna, I'billin, Shefa-'Amr.
Eilabun (عيلبون Ailabun, ) is an Israeli Arab local council in northern Israel.

Democratic List of Nazareth

The first Arab Knesset members were Amin-Salim Jarjora and Seif el-Din el-Zoubi who were members of the Democratic List of Nazareth party and Tawfik Toubi member of the Maki party.
The Democratic List of Nazareth (, Reshima Demokratit shel Natzrat; القائمة الديموقراطية للناصرة) was an Arab satellite list in Israel and the only Israeli Arab party to win seats in the first Knesset.

Nazareth

NatzrátNatzratNazareth, Israel
Nazareth has the largest Christian Arab population.
The inhabitants are predominantly Arab citizens of Israel, of whom 69% are Muslim and 30.9% Christian.

2001 Israeli prime ministerial election

special election for Prime Minister2001 election for Prime Ministerelections for Prime Minister
To a large extent, they boycotted the 2001 Israeli Elections as a means of protest.
The low turnout was at least partially due to many Israeli Arabs boycotting the poll in protest at the October 2000 events in which 12 Israeli Arabs were killed by the police.

Second Intifada

al-Aqsa IntifadaIntifadaSecond Palestinian Intifada
Tensions between Arabs and the state rose in October 2000 when 12 Arab citizens and one man from Gaza were killed while protesting the government's response to the Second Intifada.
The "October 2000 events" refers to several days of disturbances and clashes inside Israel, mostly between Arab citizens and the Israel police.

Salim Joubran

Israeli Supreme Court judge Salim Joubran is a Christian Arab.
Salim Joubran (سليم جبران, סלים ג'ובראן; born 1947) is an Israeli Arab and former judge on the Supreme Court of Israel.

Said Nafa

Druze politicians in Israel include Ayoob Kara, who represented Likud in the Knesset; Majalli Wahabi of Kadima, the Deputy Speaker of the Knesset; and Said Nafa of the Arab party Balad.
A Druze Palestinian Arab citizen of Israel, he served as a member of the Knesset for Balad between 2007 and 2013.