Arabic script

ArabicPerso-Arabic scriptPerso-ArabicPersian scriptArabic alphabetPersianArabic alphabetsArabic-based alphabetPersian-Arabic scriptPerso-Arabic alphabet
The Arabic or Perso-Arabic script is a writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Persian, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashto, Lurish, Urdu and Mandinka.wikipedia
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Uyghur Arabic alphabet

UyghurUyghur Ereb YéziqiUyghur alphabet
With the spread of Islam, it came to be used as the primary script for many language families, leading to the addition of new letters and other symbols, with some versions, such as Kurdish, Uyghur and old Bosnian being abugidas or true alphabets.
The Uyghur Perso-Arabic alphabet is an Arabic alphabet used for writing the Uyghur language, primarily by Uyghurs living in China.

Aljamiado

alhamiadoaljamiaaljamiado português
Until the 16th century, it was also used to write some texts in Spanish.
Aljamiado (عَجَمِيَة trans. ʿajamiyah ) or Aljamía texts are manuscripts that use the Arabic script for transcribing European languages, especially Romance languages such as Mozarabic, Portuguese, Spanish or Ladino, and Bosnian with its Arebica script.

Arebica

BosnianAljamiado
With the spread of Islam, it came to be used as the primary script for many language families, leading to the addition of new letters and other symbols, with some versions, such as Kurdish, Uyghur and old Bosnian being abugidas or true alphabets.
Arebica or Arabica is a Bosniak variant of the Perso-Arabic script used to write the Bosnian language .

Ajami script

AjamiAjamiyya
The term [[Ajami script|]], which comes from the Arabic root for "foreign," has been applied to Arabic-based orthographies of African languages.
The term Ajami, or Ajamiyya', which comes from the Arabic root for foreign or stranger'', has been applied to Arabic alphabets used for writing African languages, especially those of Hausa and Swahili, although many other African languages were written using the script, among them Yoruba, the Fulani/Pulaar of Fulfulde.

List of writing systems

adopted writing systemsFictional alphabetfifth most widely used writing system
It is the second-most widely used writing system in the world by the number of countries using it and the third by the number of users, after Latin and Chinese characters.

Arabic calligraphy

calligraphycalligrapherArabic letters
It is also the basis for the tradition of Arabic calligraphy.
Kufic is the oldest form of the Arabic script.

Writing system

scriptwriting systemsscripts
The Arabic or Perso-Arabic script is a writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Persian, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashto, Lurish, Urdu and Mandinka.
Writing systems can be independent from languages, one can have multiple writing systems for a language, e.g., Hindi and Urdu; and one can also have one writing system for multiple languages, e.g., the Arabic script.

Persian alphabet

PersianPerso-Arabic alphabetPerso-Arabic
These modifications tend to fall into groups: Indian and Turkic languages written in the Arabic script tend to use the Persian modified letters, whereas the languages of Indonesia tend to imitate those of Jawi.
The Modern Persian script is directly derived and developed from Arabic script.

Qoph

qāfقKuf
To a certain degree the style and usage tends to follow those of the Maghreb (for instance the position of the dots in the letters [[Pe (Semitic letter)|]] and [[Qoph|]]).
Aramaic Qop is derived from the Phoenician letter, and derivations from Aramaic include Hebrew Qof, Syriac Qōp̄ ܩ and Arabic ق.

Abugida

abugidasalphasyllabaryalphasyllabaries
With the spread of Islam, it came to be used as the primary script for many language families, leading to the addition of new letters and other symbols, with some versions, such as Kurdish, Uyghur and old Bosnian being abugidas or true alphabets.
Today they are used in most languages of South Asia (although replaced by Perso-Arabic in Urdu, Kashmiri and some other languages of Pakistan and India), mainland Southeast Asia (Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia), and Indonesian archipelago (Javanese, Balinese, Sundanese, etc.).

Uzbek language

UzbekUzbekiuzb
In Arabic script, اوزبیک تیلی and اوزبیکچه.

Kyrgyz language

KyrgyzKirghizkir
Kyrgyz was originally written in the Turkic runes, gradually replaced by a Perso-Arabic alphabet (in use until 1928 in USSR, still in use in China).

Xiao'erjing

Arabic alphabetXiaoerjingxiaojing
"original script" referring to the original Perso-Arabic script, undefined, Xiao'erjing: بٌکٍْ;, Вьnⱬin), is the practice of writing Sinitic languages such as Mandarin (especially the Lanyin, Zhongyuan and Northeastern dialects) or the Dungan language in the Perso-Arabic script.

Latin script

LatinLatin alphabetRoman script
It is the second-most widely used writing system in the world by the number of countries using it and the third by the number of users, after Latin and Chinese characters.
The Arabic script was widespread within Islam, both among Arabs and non-Arab nations like the Iranians, Indonesians, Malays, and Turkic peoples.

Arabi Malayalam

Arabi-MalayalamArabi-Malayalam ScriptArabi-Malayalam,
Arabi-Malayalam (Malayalam: അറബി-മലയാളം, Arabi Malayalam: عَرَبِ-مَلَیَاۻَمٛ) is a writing system - a variant form of the Arabic script with special orthographic features - for writing Malayalam, a Dravidian language in southern India.

Judeo-Arabic languages

Judeo-ArabicJudaeo-ArabicJudæo-Arabic
Jews in Arabic, Muslim majority countries wrote—sometimes in their dialects, sometimes in a more classical style—in a mildly adapted Hebrew alphabet rather than using the Arabic script, often including consonant dots from the Arabic alphabet to accommodate phonemes that did not exist in the Hebrew alphabet.

Sini (script)

Sinicalligraphy
Sini (from صيني, "Chinese") is a calligraphic style used in China for the Arabic script.

Malay language

MalayBahasa MelayuMalay-language
The Arabic script has been adapted for use in a wide variety of languages besides Arabic, including Persian, Malay and Urdu, which are not Semitic.
Malay is now written using the Latin script (Rumi), although an Arabic script called Arab Melayu or Jawi also exists.

Rohingya language

Rohingyarhg.
Rohingya was first written in the 19th century with a version of the Perso-Arabic script.

Kazakh language

KazakhKazkk
Modern Kazakh, going back approximately one thousand years, was written in the Arabic script until 1929, when Soviet authorities introduced a Latin-based alphabet, and then a Cyrillic in 1940.

Turkmen language

TurkmenTurkmenituk
Before 1929, Turkmen was written in an Arabic alphabet.

Dogri language

DogriDogradoi
It is now more commonly written in Devanagari in India, and in the Nastaʿliq form of Perso-Arabic in Pakistan and Pakistani-administered Kashmir.

Balochi language

BalochiBaluchiBaloch
The Arabic or Perso-Arabic script is a writing system used for writing Arabic and several other languages of Asia and Africa, such as Persian, Kurdish, Azerbaijani, Sindhi, Balochi, Pashto, Lurish, Urdu and Mandinka. Today Afghanistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and China are the main non-Arabic speaking states using the Arabic alphabet to write one or more official national languages, including Azerbaijani, Baluchi, Brahui, Persian, Pashto, Central Kurdish, Urdu, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Punjabi and Uyghur.
The first collection of poetry in Balochi, Gulbang by Mir Gul Khan Nasir was published in 1951 and incorporated the Arabic Script.

Brahui language

BrahuiBrahviBrohi
Today Afghanistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and China are the main non-Arabic speaking states using the Arabic alphabet to write one or more official national languages, including Azerbaijani, Baluchi, Brahui, Persian, Pashto, Central Kurdish, Urdu, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Punjabi and Uyghur.
Brahui is the only Dravidian language which is not known to have been written in a Brahmi-based script; instead, it has been written in the Arabic script since the second half of the 20th century.

Uyghur language

UyghurUighurUighur language
Today Afghanistan, Iran, India, Pakistan and China are the main non-Arabic speaking states using the Arabic alphabet to write one or more official national languages, including Azerbaijani, Baluchi, Brahui, Persian, Pashto, Central Kurdish, Urdu, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Punjabi and Uyghur. In the cases of Bosnian, Kurdish, Kashmiri and Uyghur writing systems, vowels are mandatory.
Unlike many other modern Turkic languages, Uyghur is primarily written using an Arabic alphabet, (with 4 alphabets like che-Pe-Zhe and Ga) although a Cyrillic alphabet and two Latin alphabets also are in use to a much lesser extent.