Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.
Map of Mapuche territories according to Miguel Melin, Pablo Mansilla and Manuela Royo in MAPU CHILLKANTUKUN ZUGU: Descolonizando el Mapa del Wallmapu, Construyendo Cartografía Cultural en Territorio Mapuche.
The leaves of A. araucana
Euler diagram of Mapuche ethicities. Historical denominations no longer in use are shown with white fields. Groups that adopted Mapuche language and culture or that have partial Mapuche descent are shown in the periphery of the main magenta-coloured field.
A young specimen
Huamán Poma de Ayala's picture of the confrontation between the Mapuches (left) and the Incas (right)
Distribution map of A. araucana in central Chile
Painting El joven Lautaro of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of his people.
The piñones are similar to pine nuts, but larger; these roasted seeds are 3 cm and 5 cm long, from two different cultivars.
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
A monkey puzzle tree at Salesforce Park, San Francisco
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in meeting with the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
The silhouette of the araucaria is very recognizable and has become a symbol for the southern regions of Argentina and Chile. For example, araucarias appear on the coats of arms of Neuquén Province and Araucanía Region.
Ancient flag of the Mapuche on the Arauco War.
Araucaria araucana in the Argentine Andes
Mapuche activists killed in confrontations with the Chilean police in the 2000s.
Bark of a tree in Conguillío National Park, Chile
Wenufoye flag created in 1992 by the indigenist organization "Consejo de Todas las Tierras".
Female cones
Familia Mapuche, by Claudio Gay, 1848.
Male cones
A council of Araucanian philosophers, 1904
Part of a branch of a cultivated tree
The daughter of lonko Quilapán
A. araucana, Botanical Garden, Wrocław, Poland
Height of a chemamull (Mapuche funeral statue) compared to a person.
A. araucana branch
Traditional Mapuche poncho exhibited in Museo Artesanía Chilena.
Monkey puzzle trees are popularly grown as ornamental trees.
Monument in the form of a gigantic clava mere okewa, located in Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Cañete, Chile
Juvenile tree in winter
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece.
Mixed forest of Araucaria and coigüe in Nahuelbuta National Park, Chile
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the 1849 wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Araucaria araucana in Botanical Garden Jevremovac (Belgrade)
Flag of Argentinian Tehuelche-Mapuche

Pewenche or Pehuenche: "people of the pewen/pehuen" occupied Pewen mapu, "the land of the pewen (Araucaria araucana) tree".

- Mapuche

Once valued because of its long, straight trunk, its current rarity and vulnerable status mean its wood is now rarely used; it is also sacred to some members of the Mapuche Native American tribe.

- Araucaria araucana
Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

2 related topics

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Chile

Country in the western part of South America.

Country in the western part of South America.

Lautaro, toqui and hero of the Arauco war
Pedro de Valdivia, conqueror of Chile
Bernardo O'Higgins, Libertador and the Supreme Director of Chile
The Battle of Iquique on 21 May 1879. The victory of Chile in the War of the Pacific allowed its expansion into new territories.
Chile's Almirante Latorre dreadnought in 1921
Salvador Allende
Fighter jets bombing the Presidential Palace of La Moneda during the Chilean coup of 1973
Augusto Pinochet
Five presidents of Chile since Transition to democracy (1990–2022), celebrating the Bicentennial of Chile
The Palacio de La Moneda in downtown Santiago
The Palace of Justice in Santiago
Chile's territorial gains after the War of the Pacific in 1879–83
Karel Doorman-class frigate
F-16 Fighting Falcon
Chile map of Köppen climate classification.
Araucaria araucana trees in Conguillío National Park.
Andean condor (Vultur gryphus), the national bird of Chile.
Topographic map of Chile. To view maps based on SRTM topographic relief of the country, see here.
Osorno Volcano and the Petrohué River
Nef Glacier and the Plomo Lake
General Carrera lake, the largest in the country.
Population of Chile from 1820, projected up to 2050
Mapuche women of Tirúa
Chileans with flags of Chile
Chilean students in Santiago de Chile
German immigrants in southern Chile
Neoclassical Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral
Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (PUC).
FONASA is the funding branch of the Ministry of Health.
A proportional representation of Chile exports, 2019
Chilean (blue) and average Latin American (orange) GDP per capita (1980–2017)
The financial district in Santiago de Chile
Santiago Stock Exchange
Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world
Vineyard in the Casablanca Valley
Elqui Valley, wine and pisco region
Valparaíso
Puerto Varas
The Santiago Metro is South America's most extensive metro system
Torre Entel in Santiago de Chile, with the Andes mountains in the background
La Zamacueca, by Manuel Antonio Caro.
Chilean asado (barbecue) and marraqueta
Estadio Nacional Julio Martínez Prádanos
The Chilean national polo team with President Michelle Bachelet and the trophy of the 2015 World Polo Championship.

Spain conquered and colonized the region in the mid-16th century, replacing Inca rule, but failing to conquer the independent Mapuche who inhabited what is now south-central Chile.

The central valley is characterized by several species of cacti, the hardy espinos, the Chilean pine, the southern beeches and the copihue, a red bell-shaped flower that is Chile's national flower.

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Pehuenche

Indigenous people of South America.

Indigenous people of South America.

Flag

Their name derives from their dependence for food on the seeds of the pehuen or monkey-puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana).

Later they became Araucanized and partially merged with the Mapuche peoples.