Mendoza, Villagra y Quiroga in an illustration by Alonso de Ovalle
García Hurtado de Mendoza

It was raised again after the battle of Quiapo, by García Hurtado de Mendoza in 1559.

- Arauco, Chile

The city of Concepción and fort Arauco were rebuilt in 1559.

- García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete

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Map of the Araucanía from the 18th century, showing a large part of the territory in which the Arauco War was fought.

Arauco War

Long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.

Long-running conflict between colonial Spaniards and the Mapuche people, mostly fought in the Araucanía.

Map of the Araucanía from the 18th century, showing a large part of the territory in which the Arauco War was fought.
Pedro de Valdivia
Doña Inés de Suárez in defending the city of Santiago
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Picture from Alonso de Ovalle's Historia de Chile
Picture "El joven Lautaro" of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of its people.
García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete

With the goal of securing the lines of communication with the southern forts, Valdivia launched a third expedition which established forts at Tucapel, Purén, Confines, and Arauco.

After the death of Jerónimo de Alderete in Panama while returning to Chile, García Hurtado de Mendoza was designated the interim governor of Chile in 1557, and immediately sailed south from Peru, this time with a much stronger force than before: 600 soldiers, 6 pieces of artillery, and 1,000 horses.