Map of the Araucanía from the 18th century, showing a large part of the territory in which the Arauco War was fought.
Pedro de Valdivia
Doña Inés de Suárez in defending the city of Santiago
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Picture from Alonso de Ovalle's Historia de Chile
Picture "El joven Lautaro" of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of its people.
García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete

The Spanish settlements founded here during the Conquest of Chile were destroyed on numerous occasions by the Mapuche during the Arauco War.

- Arauco, Chile

With the goal of securing the lines of communication with the southern forts, Valdivia launched a third expedition which established forts at Tucapel, Purén, Confines, and Arauco.

- Arauco War
Map of the Araucanía from the 18th century, showing a large part of the territory in which the Arauco War was fought.

7 related topics

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Cañete, Chile

City and commune in Chile, located in the Arauco Province of the Biobío Region.

City and commune in Chile, located in the Arauco Province of the Biobío Region.

Cañete was also an important location in the Arauco War.

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Cañete is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Manuel Monsalve (PS) and Iván Norambuena (UDI) as part of the 46th electoral district, together with Lota, Lebu, Arauco, Curanilahue, Los Álamos, Contulmo and Tirúa.

Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

Mapuche

The Mapuche ( (Mapuche & Spanish: )) are a group of indigenous inhabitants of present-day south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.

The Mapuche ( (Mapuche & Spanish: )) are a group of indigenous inhabitants of present-day south-central Chile and southwestern Argentina, including parts of present-day Patagonia.

Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.
Map of Mapuche territories according to Miguel Melin, Pablo Mansilla and Manuela Royo in MAPU CHILLKANTUKUN ZUGU: Descolonizando el Mapa del Wallmapu, Construyendo Cartografía Cultural en Territorio Mapuche.
Euler diagram of Mapuche ethicities. Historical denominations no longer in use are shown with white fields. Groups that adopted Mapuche language and culture or that have partial Mapuche descent are shown in the periphery of the main magenta-coloured field.
Huamán Poma de Ayala's picture of the confrontation between the Mapuches (left) and the Incas (right)
Painting El joven Lautaro of P. Subercaseaux, shows the military genius and expertise of his people.
Caupolican by Nicanor Plaza
Cornelio Saavedra Rodríguez in meeting with the main lonkos of Araucania in 1869
Ancient flag of the Mapuche on the Arauco War.
Mapuche activists killed in confrontations with the Chilean police in the 2000s.
Wenufoye flag created in 1992 by the indigenist organization "Consejo de Todas las Tierras".
Familia Mapuche, by Claudio Gay, 1848.
A council of Araucanian philosophers, 1904
The daughter of lonko Quilapán
Height of a chemamull (Mapuche funeral statue) compared to a person.
Traditional Mapuche poncho exhibited in Museo Artesanía Chilena.
Monument in the form of a gigantic clava mere okewa, located in Avenida Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva, Cañete, Chile
Drawing of a trapelacucha, a silver finery piece.
Painting by Raymond Monvoisin showing Elisa Bravo Jaramillo who was said to have survived the 1849 wreck of Joven Daniel to be then kidnapped by Mapuches.
Flag of Argentinian Tehuelche-Mapuche

The name was likely derived from the placename rag ko (Spanish Arauco), meaning "clayey water".

Further efforts by the Spanish to gain more territory engaged them in the Arauco War against the Mapuche, a sporadic conflict that lasted nearly 350 years.

Rodrigo de Quiroga

Rodrigo de Quiroga López de Ulloa (c.

Rodrigo de Quiroga López de Ulloa (c.

Alonso de Ovalle's 1646 engraving of García Hurtado de Mendoza, Pedro de Villagra and Rodrigo de Quiroga

Quiroga participated in the military actions of the conquest of Chile, during the first part of the War of Arauco, coming to be one of the most important captains of the district.

He built forts at Lebu, Quiapo, reconstructed Cañete, and repopulated Arauco in 1566.

Synthesis map of the development of the Inca Empire in Chile in the decades before the Spanish arrival.

Conquest of Chile

Period in Chilean historiography that starts with the arrival of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile in 1541 and ends with the death of Martín García Óñez de Loyola in the Battle of Curalaba in 1598, and the destruction of the Seven Cities in 1598–1604 in the Araucanía region.

Period in Chilean historiography that starts with the arrival of Pedro de Valdivia to Chile in 1541 and ends with the death of Martín García Óñez de Loyola in the Battle of Curalaba in 1598, and the destruction of the Seven Cities in 1598–1604 in the Araucanía region.

Synthesis map of the development of the Inca Empire in Chile in the decades before the Spanish arrival.
Pedro de Valdivia
The Juan Bautista Pastene expedition to southern Chile in 1544.

However the continued attack never improved, thus the Arauco War continued, and the Spanish were never able to recover their short control in Araucanía south of the Bío Bío River.

The cities founded, despite defeats in the Arauco War, were: Santiago (1541), La Serena (1544), Concepción (1550), La Imperial, Valdivia, Villarrica (1552), Los Confines (1553), Cañete (1557), Osorno (1558), Arauco (1566), Castro (1567), Chillán (1580), and Santa Cruz de Oñez (1595).

García Hurtado de Mendoza, 5th Marquis of Cañete

Spanish Governor of Chile, and later Viceroy of Peru (from January 8, 1590 to July 24, 1596).

Spanish Governor of Chile, and later Viceroy of Peru (from January 8, 1590 to July 24, 1596).

Mendoza, Villagra y Quiroga in an illustration by Alonso de Ovalle
García Hurtado de Mendoza

Belonging to an influential family of Spanish noblemen Hurtado de Mendoza successfully fought in the Arauco War during his stay as Governor of Chile.

The city of Concepción and fort Arauco were rebuilt in 1559.

Alonso de Sotomayor

Spanish conquistador from Extremadura, and a Royal Governor of Chile.

Spanish conquistador from Extremadura, and a Royal Governor of Chile.

Alonso de Ovalle's 1646 engraving of Ruiz de Gamboa, Bravo de Saravia and Sotomayor

However, at that time news arrived from Chile, where the Arauco War continued and reinforcements were needed.

In 1589 Sotomayor reoccupied and expanded the fort of Puren and built a fort near the sea on the heights of Marihueñu and in 1590 he moved Arauco to its current location close to the sea.

Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

Mapuche uprising of 1655

Series of coordinated Mapuche attacks against Spanish settlements and forts in colonial Chile.

Series of coordinated Mapuche attacks against Spanish settlements and forts in colonial Chile.

Lautaro, hero of the Arauco war; Rayén Quitral outstanding soprano; Current Mapuche woman; Ceferino Namuncura blessed of the Catholic Church.

Legalisation made Spanish slave raiding increasingly common in the Arauco War.

Arauco and Chillán were besieged.