[[File:Arch illustration.svg|thumb|upright=1|A masonry arch 1. Keystone- Arch
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Concrete dam that is curved upstream in plan.
The arch dam is designed so that the force of the water against it, known as hydrostatic pressure, presses against the arch, causing the arch to straighten slightly and strengthening the structure as it pushes into its foundation or abutments.
Arrangement and organization of interrelated elements in a material object or system, or the object or system so organized.
The structural elements can be classified as one-dimensional (ropes, struts, beams, arches), two-dimensional (membranes, plates, slab, shells, vaults), or three-dimensional (solid masses).
Architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve along a given distance.
The barrel vault is the simplest form of a vault: effectively a series of arches placed side by side (i.e., one after another).
A corbel arch (or corbeled / corbelled arch) is an arch-like construction method that uses the architectural technique of corbeling to span a space or void in a structure, such as an entranceway in a wall or as the span of a bridge.
A voussoir is a wedge-shaped element, typically a stone, which is used in building an arch or vault.
A triumphal arch is a free-standing monumental structure in the shape of an archway with one or more arched passageways, often designed to span a road.
In architecture, a vault (French voûte, from Italian volta) is a self-supporting arched form, usually of stone or brick, serving to cover a space with a ceiling or roof.
Different from Greek buildings, becoming a new architectural style.
It used new materials, particularly Roman concrete, and newer technologies such as the arch and the dome to make buildings that were typically strong and well-engineered.
Physical quantity that expresses the internal forces that neighbouring particles of a continuous material exert on each other, while strain is the measure of the deformation of the material.
Over several millennia, architects and builders in particular, learned how to put together carefully shaped wood beams and stone blocks to withstand, transmit, and distribute stress in the most effective manner, with ingenious devices such as the capitals, arches, cupolas, trusses and the flying buttresses of Gothic cathedrals.
A parabolic arch is an arch in the shape of a parabola.