Archaic period (North America)

Archaic periodArchaicLate Archaic periodLate ArchaicArchaic period in the AmericasArchaic period in North AmericaEarly ArchaicMiddle ArchaicEarly Archaic periodArchaic culture
In the classification of the, the Archaic period in North America, taken to last from around 8500 to 3000 BC in the sequence of North American pre-Columbian cultural stages, is a period defined by the archaic stage of cultural development.wikipedia
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North America

NorthNorth AmericanNA
In the classification of the, the Archaic period in North America, taken to last from around 8500 to 3000 BC in the sequence of North American pre-Columbian cultural stages, is a period defined by the archaic stage of cultural development.
The so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago (the beginning of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period).

Watson Brake

In these areas, hunter-gatherer societies in the Lower Mississippi Valley organized to build monumental earthwork mound complexes as early as 3500 BC (confirmed at Watson Brake), with building continuing over a period of 500 years.
Watson Brake is an archaeological site in present-day Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, from the Archaic period.

Horr's Island

Horr's Island archaeological siteHorr's Island burial mounds
In some places, such as Horr's Island in Southwest Florida, resources were rich enough to support sizable mound-building communities year-round.
The Horr's Island archaeological site is a significant Archaic period archaeological site located on an island in Southwest Florida formerly known as Horr's Island.

Poverty Point

Poverty Point National MonumentPoverty Point, LouisianaMonumental Earthworks of Poverty Point
It precedes that built at Poverty Point by nearly 2,000 years (both are in northern Louisiana).
The Poverty Point site contains earthen ridges and mounds, built by indigenous people between 1700 and 1100 BC during the Late Archaic period in North America.

Poverty Point culture

Poverty Pointa foraging society of hunter- gatherersNA hunter-gatherers
More than 100 sites have been identified as associated with the regional Poverty Point culture of the Late Archaic period, and it was part of a regional trading network across the Southeast.
Next oldest is the Poverty Point Culture, which thrived from 1730 - 1350 BC, during the late Archaic period in North America.

Oshara Tradition

OsharaOshara (Northern) Tradition
For instance, the Archaic Southwest tradition is subdivided into the Dieguito-Pinto, Oshara, Cochise and Chihuahua cultures.
Cynthia Irwin-Williams developed the sequence of Archaic culture for Oshara during her work in the Arroyo Cuervo area of northwestern New Mexico.

Chihuahua tradition

Chihuahua
For instance, the Archaic Southwest tradition is subdivided into the Dieguito-Pinto, Oshara, Cochise and Chihuahua cultures.

Indian Knoll

Indian Knoll, Kentucky
Excavations of Indian Knoll during The Great Depression, and research of the remains and artifacts in the 1960s-1970s demonstrated that its builders were greatly atypical of inhabitants of Archaic sites.

Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands

Southeastern Woodlandsindigenous people of the Southeastern WoodlandsSoutheastern tribes
Across the Southeastern Woodlands, starting around 4000 BC, people exploited wetland resources, creating large shell middens.
The Poverty Point culture inhabited portions of the state of Louisiana from 2000–1000 BCE during the Archaic period.

Louisiana

LAState of LouisianaLouisiana, USA
During the Middle Archaic period, Louisiana was the site of the earliest mound complex in North America and one of the earliest dated, complex constructions in the Americas, the Watson Brake site near present-day Monroe.

Old Copper Complex

Old Copper CultureOld Coppercopper tools
Great Lakes natives of the Archaic tradition located 99% pure copper in the area of Lake Superior, both in veins and nuggets in gravel beds.

Platform mound

platform moundsmoundplatform
The indigenous peoples of North America built substructure mounds for well over a thousand years starting in the Archaic period and continuing through the Woodland period.

Stallings Island

Stallings cultureStallings Island (St. Simons) cultureStallings Island mound
The site is the namesake for the Stallings culture of the Late Archaic period and for Stallings fiber-tempered pottery, the oldest known pottery in North America.

Archaic–Early Basketmaker Era

Archaic – Early Basketmaker EraArchaic-Early Basketmaker peopleArchaic–Early Basketmaker
The Archaic–Early Basketmaker Era (7000 - 1500 BCE) was an Archaic cultural period of ancestors to the Ancient Pueblo People.

Mesoamerica

MesoamericanMeso-AmericanMeso-America
For this reason, from the last centuries of the Archaic period (8000 BC– 1000 BC) onward, regions compensated for the environmental inadequacies by specializing in the extraction of certain abundant natural resources and then trading them for necessary unavailable resources through established commercial trade networks.

Cochise Tradition

Cochise CultureCochise
For instance, the Archaic Southwest tradition is subdivided into the Dieguito-Pinto, Oshara, Cochise and Chihuahua cultures.
The Cochise Tradition is part of the Picosa culture, which encapsulates the Archaic lifestyles of people from three locations with interconnected artifacts and lifestyles.

Ceramics of indigenous peoples of the Americas

potteryceramicsNative American pottery
Fiber-tempered ceramics associated with shell middens left by Late Archaic hunter-fisher-gatherers appeared in the Atlantic coastal plain of Florida, Georgia and South Carolina starting in 2500 BC.

List of pre-Columbian cultures

Pre-Columbian culturesMesoamerican cultureMesoamerican cultures

Pre-Columbian era

pre-Columbianpre-Hispanicprehispanic
In the classification of the, the Archaic period in North America, taken to last from around 8500 to 3000 BC in the sequence of North American pre-Columbian cultural stages, is a period defined by the archaic stage of cultural development.
Within this time frame, roughly pertaining to the Archaic Period, numerous archaeological cultures have been identified.

Mesolithic

Mesolithic periodMesolithic EuropeMesolithic Age
In the archaeology of the Americas, an Archaic or Meso-Indian period, following the Lithic stage, somewhat equates to the Mesolithic.

Subsistence economy

subsistencesubsistence levelsubsist
The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish.

Nut (fruit)

nutsnutnutlet
The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish.

Seed

seedsseed coatkernel
The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish.

Shellfish

shell fishshellshell-fish
The Archaic stage is characterized by subsistence economies supported through the exploitation of nuts, seeds, and shellfish.