Archer Alexander

Thomas Ball's Emancipation Memorial depicting Abraham Lincoln emancipating a slave. Archer Alexander was the model for the slave.

Archer Alexander (c.

- Archer Alexander

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Muhammad Ali

American professional boxer and activist.

Ali in 1967
Cassius Clay and his trainer Joe E. Martin (1960)
1960 Olympians: Clay won gold against Zbigniew Pietrzykowski.
On-site poster for Cassius Clay's fifth professional bout
Ali watches replay of his 1966 title fight against Henry Cooper.
Ali vs. Frazier, promotional photo
President Jimmy Carter greets Ali at a White House dinner, 1977
Ali being interviewed by WBAL-TV's Curt Anderson, 1978, Baltimore, Maryland
Ali (seen in background) at an address by Elijah Muhammad in 1964
Ali attending a Saviours' Day celebration in 1974
Ali in an art gallery during his visit to Argentina in 1971
President Ronald Reagan with Ali in the Oval Office in 1983
Ali in 1997
Ali and Michael J. Fox testify before a Senate committee on providing government funding to combat Parkinson's.
Ali's headstone, with an inscription of his quote: "Service to others is the rent you pay for your room in heaven"
President George W. Bush embraces Ali after presenting him with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2005, during ceremonies at the White House
The Muhammad Ali Center, alongside Interstate 64 on Louisville, Kentucky's riverfront
Muhammad Ali pop art painting by John Stango

DNA testing performed in 2018 showed that, through his paternal grandmother, Ali was a descendant of the former slave Archer Alexander, who had been chosen from the building crew as the model of a freed man for the Emancipation Memorial, and was the subject of abolitionist William Greenleaf Eliot's book, The Story of Archer Alexander: From Slavery to Freedom.

Emancipation Memorial

Monument in Lincoln Park in the Capitol Hill neighborhood of Washington, D.C. It was sometimes referred to as the "Lincoln Memorial" before the more prominent so-named memorial was dedicated in 1922.

The Emancipation Memorial in 2014
A postcard captioned "Lincoln Statue" depicts the Emancipation Memorial circa 1900.
Detail from the masthead of The Liberator
This early small demonstration version by Ball was purchased by Edward Francis Searles. It is now located in the atrium of the Methuen, Massachusetts Town Hall.

Designed and sculpted by Thomas Ball and erected in 1876, the monument depicts Abraham Lincoln holding a copy of his Emancipation Proclamation freeing a male African American slave modeled on Archer Alexander.

William Greenleaf Eliot

American educator, Unitarian minister, and civic leader in Missouri.

Eliot was also a writer, publishing Doctrines of Christianity; Lectures to Young Men; Lectures to Young Women (re-printed as Home and Influence); Discipline of Sorrow; and The Story of Archer Alexander: From Slavery to Freedom.

List of slaves

Social-economic system under which people are enslaved: deprived of personal freedom and forced to perform labor or services without compensation.

This and three other statues of chained slaves, placed at the base of the Monument of the Four Moors at Livorno, Italy, might have been made with actual slaves as models, whose names and circumstances remain unknown
Portrait of Ayuba Suleiman Diallo by William Hoare (1733)
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca
Aesop in a Hellenistic statue claimed to be him, Art Collection of Villa Albani, Rome
Portrait of Andrey Voronikhin. Engraving by V. A. Bobrov from the beginning of the 19th century.
Abram Petrovich Gannibal, bust in Petrovskoe, Russia
Baibars
Saint Brigid of Kildare as depicted in Saint Non's chapel, St Davids, Wales
Charlotte Aïssé
Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha bust at Mersin Naval Museum
Dred Scott, who lost a legal suit for his freedom in the United States Supreme Court in 1857
Florence, Lady Baker c. 1875. A Romanian enslaved as an orphan, was bought by Samuel Baker, who married her.
Frederick Douglass, the foremost African-American abolitionist of the 19th century
Self-portrait by Fyodor Slavyansky (1850s, Russian museum)
Medical examination photo of Gordon showing his scourged back, widely distributed by abolitionists to expose the brutality of slavery
Portrait of Gülnuş Sultan
Hurrem Sultan, an Eastern European slave girl bought by Ottoman sultan Süleyman the Magnificent, who married her.
İbrahim Pasha
Ivan Argunov. Self-portrait (late 1750s).
Jean Parisot de Valette
St. Josephine Margaret Bakhita, F.D.C.C.
Kösem Sultan (1589–1651), slave concubine like all other inmates of the Imperial Harem
Laurens de Graaf
Mikhail Shchepkin
Omar ibn Said, a Senegalese Islamic scholar enslaved in North Carolina for more than 50 years, circa 1850
Portrait of Juan de Pareja by Diego Velázquez (c. 1650)
Praskovia Kovalyova-Zhemchugova in a scenic costume for Les mariages samnites by André Ernest Modeste Grétry
Portrait of Roustam Raza, the mamluck of Napoleon by Horace Vernet (1810)
Solomon Northup from Twelve Years a Slave
Silas Chandler (right) and his owner, Sergeant A.M. Chandler of the 44th Mississippi Infantry Regiment
The Death of Spartacus by Hermann Vogel (1882)
Taras Shevchenko
Tatyana Shlykova
Alleged portrait of Terence, from Codex Vaticanus Latinus 3868. Possibly copied from 3rd-century original.
Vasily Tropinin
Vincent de Paul
Photograph of Wes Brady, ex-slave, taken in Marshall, Texas, in 1937 as part of the Federal Writers' Project Slave Narrative Collection
Zofia Potocka

Archer Alexander (1810–1879), the model for the slave in the 1876 Emancipation Memorial sculpture.

Cassius Marcellus Clay Sr.

American painter and musician.

All Heavyweight champions

According to DNA research, Muhammad Ali's paternal grandmother was Archer Alexander's (1815-1880) great-granddaughter.

Archer (given name)

Given name of:

Diagram of naming conventions, using John F. Kennedy as an example. "First names" can also be called given names or forenames; "last names" can also be called family names or surnames. This shows a structure typical for English-speaking cultures (and some others). Other cultures use other structures for full names.

Archer Alexander (c. 1810–1879), former black slave who served as the model for the slave in the statue variously known as Freedom Memorial and the Emancipation Memorial in Lincoln Park, Washington, DC

Emancipation Memorial (Boston)

Monument in Park Square in Boston.

The Emancipation Memorial designed by sculptor Thomas Ball that stood in Boston's Park Square for 141 years.

William Greenleaf Eliot, a poet also working with the group, sent Ball a photo of Archer Alexander, a former slave who had escaped to freedom and was taken in by Eliot, to serve as the model for the statue.